Queen Jeonghui

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Queen Jeonghui
정희왕후
Queen Regent of Joseon
Regency 1468 – 1477
with Queen Insu
Monarch King Yejong of Joseon
King Seongjong of Joseon
Grand Queen Dowager of Joseon
Reign 1469 - 1483
Predecessor None
Successor Queen Ansun
Queen Insu
Queen Dowager of Joseon
Reign 1468 - 1469
Predecessor Queen Jeongsun (Danjong)
Successor Queen Ansun
Queen Insu
Queen Consort of Joseon
Reign 1455 – 1468
Predecessor Queen Jeongsun (Danjong)
Successor Queen Ansun
Born 8 December 1418
Hongcheon, Kingdom of Joseon
Died 6 May 1483 (aged 65)
Kingdom of Joseon
Burial Gwangreung
Spouse King Sejo of Joseon
Issue Yi Jang, Crown Prince Uigyeong
King Yejong of Joseon
Princess Uisuk
Yi Se-Hui
Posthumous name
자성흠인경덕선열명순원숙휘신혜의신헌정희왕후
House Papyeong Yun
Father Yun Beon
Mother Lady Lee of the Incheon Lee clan

Queen Jeonghui (Hangul:정희왕후, Hanja:貞熹王后) (8 December 1418 – 6 May 1483) also known as Queen Dowager Jaseong (자성왕대비) was Queen Consort to King Sejo of Joseon and the mother of Sejo's successor King Yejong of Joseon. Following her husband's death in 1468, she served as regent for her weak son from 1468 to 1469 and co-regent for her young grandson from 1469 to 1477, along with her daughter-in-law, Grand Queen Dowager Insu. She was from the Papyeong Yun clan.

Biography[edit]

Queen Jeonghui was born on the eleventh day of the eleventh lunar month in the eighteenth year of King Taejong's reign. Her father Yun Beon (Hangul: 윤번, Hanja: 尹璠) (1384–1448) would later become Prime Minister. Her mother was Yun Beon's wife Lady Lee (Hangul: 이씨, Hanja: 李氏). She married the then-Grand Prince Suyang in 1428, on the thirteenth day of the twelfth lunar month in the tenth year of King Sejong's reign. She became Queen consort upon her husband's accession to the throne in 1455.

Queen Jeonghui became regent when her son, Yejong of Joseon ascended to the throne in 1468, because he was physically ill. According to records of this era, political decisions were taken by the Queen and three subjects nominated by King Sejo.

In 1469, King Yejong died at the age of 20 and was succeeded by his nephew, Queen Jeonghui's grandson King Seongjong. As Seongjong was only 13 at the time of his accession, Queen Jeonghui ruled the nation in Seongjong's name along with her daughter-in-law, Seongjong's, Queen Insu (whose husband had never actually been king). During her regency, common farmers were granted the right to cultivate fields that had originally belonged to the military. In 1474, the code of law, first ordered by King Sejo, was completed and put into effect.

Queen Jeonghui's regency ended in 1477, when King Seongjong, now 20 years old, assumed the reins of government himself. She died in 1483, on the thirtieth day of the third month in the fourteenth year of King Seongjong's reign.

Family[edit]

  • Father: Yun Beon (1384 - 1448) (윤번)
    • Grandfather: Yun Seung-Rye (윤승례)
    • Grandmother: Lady Kwon of the Andong Kwon clan (안동 권씨)
  • Mother: Lady Lee of the Incheon Lee clan (1383 - 1456) (인천 이씨)
    • Grandfather: Lee Mun-Hwa (1358 - 1414) (이문화)
    • Grandmother: Lady Choi of the Chungju Choi clan (충주 최씨)
  • Husband: King Sejo of Joseon (2 November 1417 – 23 September 1468) (조선 세조)

References[edit]

  1. ^ From the unofficial history (야사 野史), accurately from the "Geumgye Pildam" (금계필담 錦溪筆談; by Seo Yoo-yeong (서유영) in 1873), but unable to confirm from the official Annals. But in 1446 (Sejong's 28th year), the Annals recorded Grand Prince Suyang (as he was still known that time) as having "1 son & 2 daughters", but there is no record or possibility of her having existed
  2. ^ The name recorded down in said unofficial history

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Queen Jeongsun
Queen consort of Joseon
1455–1468
Succeeded by
Queen Ansun