Queen Jeongseong

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Queen Jeongseong
Queen consort of Joseon
Tenure30 November 1724 – 3 April 1757
PredecessorQueen Seonui
SuccessorQueen Jeongsun
Crown Princess consort of Joseon
Tenure1721 – 30 November 1724
PredecessorCrown Princess Eo
SuccessorCrown Princess Hyeon
Born12 January 1693
Gahoebang, Kingdom of Joseon
Died3 April 1757 (1757-04-04) (aged 64)
Gwanrigak, Changdeok Palace Hanseong, Kingdom of Joseon
SpouseKing Yeongjo of Joseon (m.1703–1757)
Posthumous name
혜경장신강선공익인휘소헌원렬단목장화정성왕후; 惠敬莊愼康宣恭翼仁徽昭獻元烈端穆章和貞聖王后
HouseDaegu Seo
FatherSeo Jong-jae
MotherInternal Princess Consort Jamseong of the Ubong Yi clan
SealThe Seal of Queen Jeongseong.png

Queen Jeongseong (정성왕후 서씨; 12 January 1693 – 3 April 1757), of the Daegu Seo clan, was the wife and first queen consort of Yi Geum, King Yeongjo, the 21st Joseon monarch.[1]


The future queen was born on 12 January 1693 in Gahoebang (가회방, 嘉會坊). She was the second daughter and fourth child of Seo Jong-jae and Lady Yi of the Ubong Yi clan.

In November 1703, at the age of ten, she married to the eight-year-old Prince Yeoning. As the wife of a prince, she was given the title of Princess Consort Dalseong (달성군부인). It was said that Prince Yeoning had commented on how pretty the young Princess was on their first night of marriage. In 1720, her husband was appointed as Crown Prince (왕세제, 王世弟), As his wife, Dalseong was given the title Crown Princess Consort (왕세제빈).

In 1724, Prince Yeoning's older brother, King Gyeongjong died. Prince Yeoning ascended the throne on 30 August of that year as King Yeongjo and she became his queen consort.

As queen, it was said that she held a generous character to her. The Queen had also cherished and treated Crown Prince Hyojang, Yi Jeong-bin’s son, and Crown Prince Sado, Yi Yeong-bin’s son, as if they were her own sons.

The Queen died at Changdeok Palace on 3 April 1757. Her death distressed her stepson, Crown Prince Sado, contributing to his declining mental condition.[2] Queen Jeongseong had no children.


  • 12 January 1693 - November 1703: Lady Seo, daughter of Seo Jong-jae, of the Daegu Seo clan
  • November 1703 - 1720: Her Royal Highness, Princess Consort Dalseong (달성군부인; 成绩郡夫人)
  • 1720 - 20 November 1724: Her Royal Highness, the Crown Princess Consort of Joseon (왕세제빈; 王世弟嬪)
  • 20 November 1724 - 3 April 1757: Her Royal Highness, the Queen Consort of Joseon (왕비; 王妃)
  • Posthumous title: Queen Jeongseong (정성왕후; 貞城王后)



  • Uncle - Seo Jong-cheok (서종척, 徐宗惕)
  • Father − Seo Jong-jae (서종제, 徐宗悌) (1656 - 1719)
  • Uncle - Seo Jong-shin (서종신, 徐宗愼)
  • Uncle - Seo Jong-hyeob (서종협, 徐宗恊)
  • Uncle - Seo Jong-il (서종일, 徐宗一)
    • 1) Grandfather − Seo Mun-do (서문도, 徐文道) (1628 - 1700)
      • 2) Great-Grandfather − Seo Hyeong-ri (서형리, 徐亨履) (1596 - 1667)
        • 3) Great-Great-Grandfather − Seo Kyeong-su (서경수, 徐景需)[3]
          • 4) Great-Great-Great-Grandfather - Seo Seong (서성, 徐渻) (1558 - 1631)
          • 4) Great-Great-Great-Grandmother - Lady Song (송씨, 宋氏); daughter of Song Ryeong (송령, 宋寧)
      • 2) Great-Grandmother − Lady Seong of the Changnyeong Seong clan (증 정경부인 창녕 성씨, 贈 貞敬夫人 昌寧 成氏) (1596 - 1668)
    • 1) Grandmother − Lady Kim of the Andong Kim clan (증 정경부인 안동 김씨, 贈 貞敬夫人 安東 金氏) (1630 - 1709)
  • Mother − Internal Princess Consort Jamseong of the Ubong Yi clan (잠성부부인 우봉 이씨, 岑城府夫人 牛峰 李氏) (1660 - 1738)
    • Grandmother - Lady Kim of the Uiseong Kim clan (의성 김씨, 義城 金氏)
    • Grandfather - Yi Sa-chang (이사창, 李師昌)


  • Older brother − Seo Myeong-baek (서명백, 徐命伯) (1678 - 1738)
    • Sister-in-law − Lady Yi of the Yeoju Yi clan (여주 이씨, 驪州 李氏) (1676 - 1733)
      • Nephew − Seo Deok-su (서덕수, 徐德修) (1694 - 1722)[4]
      • Nephew − Seo In-su (서인수, 徐仁修)
      • Nephew − Seo Shin-su (서신수, 徐信修)[5]
  • Older brother − Seo Myeong-hyu (서명휴, 徐命休)
    • Nephew − Seo No-su (서노수, 徐魯修)
  • Older sister − Lady Seo of the Daegu Seo clan
    • Brother-in-law − Yi Jong-gyeong (이중경, 李重慶)
  • Older sister − Lady Seo of the Daegu Seo clan
    • Brother-in-law − Shin Jeong-jib (신정집, 申正集)
  • Younger sister − Lady Seo of the Daegu Seo clan
    • Brother-in-law − Im Geo (임거, 林蘧)

In popular culture[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Kim Haboush, JaHyun (2013). The Memoirs of Lady Hyegyŏng: The Autobiographical Writings of a Crown Princess of Eighteenth-Century Korea (2 ed.). Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-20055-5.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 21, 2010. Retrieved February 19, 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ He is a descendant of Seo Geo-jeong (서거정, 徐居正; 1420 - 1488) who served 6 kings (Sejong, Munjong, Danjong, Sejo, Yejong, and Seongjong). Seo’s mother was Gwon Geun’s daughter and the paternal aunt of Gwon Ram
  4. ^ Seo Jae-pil’s 6th great-grandfather
  5. ^ Seo Gwang-beom’s 5th great-grandfather

Queen Jeongseong
Daegu Seo clan
Royal titles
Preceded by
Queen Seonui
of the Hamjong Eo clan
Queen consort of Joseon
30 November 1724 – 3 April 1757
Succeeded by
Queen Jeongsun
of the Gyeongju Kim clan