Queen Noguk

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Princess Supreme of No State
노국대장공주
魯國大長公主
서울 마포 고려 공민왕 내외 영정.jpg
Portrait of Princess Noguk and her husband, King Gongmin
Queen consort of Goryeo
Tenure1351–1365
Coronation1351
PredecessorQueen Consort Yun
SuccessorQueen Consort Yi
BornBorjigin Budashiri
Yuan dynasty
Died8 March 1365
Kingdom of Goryeo
Burial
Jeongneung Tomb, Haeseon-ri, Gaepung-gun, Hwanghaebuk-do
Spouse
(m. 1349⁠–⁠1365)
IssueUnnamed son (died afterbirth)
Names
Regnal name
Princess Seungui (승의공주, 承懿公主)
Posthumous name
  • Given by Goryeo:
    • Queen Indeok (인덕왕후, 仁德王后; by King U)
    • Queen Mother Indeok (인덕태후, 仁德太后; by King U)
    • Grand Queen Mother Indeok Gongmyeong Jaye Seonan (인덕공명자예선안왕태후, 仁德恭明慈睿宣安王太后)
  • Given by Northern Yuan:
    • Princess Supreme Hwiui(ik) of the No State (휘의(익)노국대장공주, 徽懿魯國大長公主)
  • Given by both of Goryeo and Yuan:
    • Princess Supreme Indeok Gongmyeong Jaye Seonan Hwiui of the No State (인덕공명자예선안휘의노국대장공주, 仁德恭明慈睿宣安徽懿魯國大長公主)
HouseBorjigin (by birth)
House of Wang (by marriage)
FatherBayir Temür
ReligionBuddhism
Queen Noguk
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationNoguk Daejang Gongju
McCune–ReischauerNoguk Taech'ang Kongch'u
Budashiri (Mongolian)
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationBudasiri
McCune–ReischauerPutasiri
Budashiri (Korean)
Hangul
Revised RomanizationBotabsilli
McCune–ReischauerPotap'sil'li
Korean Personal Name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationWang Ga-jin
McCune–ReischauerWang Ka-ch'in

Princess Supreme Noguk (Korean노국대장공주; Hanja魯國大長公主; d. 8 March 1365;[1] lit.'Princess-Aunt of the State of No'), also known as Queen Indeok (Korean인덕왕후; Hanja仁德王后) and Queen Mother Indeok (Korean인덕태후; Hanja仁德太后) during her stepson, King U of Goryeo's reign, was a Yuan dynasty imperial family member as the great-granddaughter of Darmabala and niece of Princess Joguk who became a Korean queen consort though her marriage with Gongmin of Goryeo as his primary wife. Her personal name was Borjigin Budashiri (Mongolian: Будшир; Middle Mongolian: ᠪᠦᠳᠬᠠᠱᠢᠷᠢ; Chinese: 寶塔實里 or Chinese: 寶塔失里). She was the last Mongol ethnic who become Goryeo's queen consort.

Life[edit]

The future Princess Noguk was born Budashiri, a member of the Yuan dynasty's ruling Borjigin clan and a great-great-great-granddaughter of Kublai Khan. Though her birth year is unknown, she is recorded as having married the reformist monarch Gongmin of Goryeo in the Yuan capital of Khanbaliq in 1349, after which she went to live in Goryeo.

Queen Noguk's marriage followed a practice established by Kublai Khan, where female members of the Yuan imperial clan were married to Goryeo princes in order to maintain Yuan hegemony on the Korean peninsula.[2] By contrast with earlier marriages between the Yuan and Goryeo dynasties, however, Budashiri's marriage to Gongmin was described as happy[2] and after her arrival in Goryeo, the Yuan gave Budashiri title as Princess Seungui (승의공주, 承懿公主).

When King Gongmin implemented the half-member policy, the Princess rejected her homeland, helped her husband and monopolized his love to her. Despite their close relationship, they were childless. Budashiri then became pregnant fifteen years after marriage, but died in 1365 from complications related to the childbirth.[3]

After her death, King Gongmin was said to be very sad and became indifferent to politics with entrusted great tasks to a Buddhist monk, Pyeonjo, who was executed in 1371. King Gongmin was killed in his sleep by Hong Ryun (홍륜), Choe Man-saeng (최만생), and others in 1374.

Legacy[edit]

Jeongreung, the tomb of Queen Noguk, next to the tomb of King Gongmin.

King Gongmin began the construction of a tomb near Kaeseong after Queen Noguk's death. The queen was interred under the mound Jeongreung, and her husband was later buried under an accompanying mound known as Hyeonreung.[4]

In 1367, she posthumously received the title "princess supreme" (daejang gongju, 大長公主) – typically accorded to aunts of emperors (even though she was not).[5][N 1]

According to the Veritable Records of the Joseon Dynasty, the tenth king Yeonsan believed that Queen Noguk had looked similar to his mother, the deposed Queen Yun, so he collected Queen Noguk's portraits at government offices.[6]

In popular culture[edit]

Television series[edit]

Film[edit]

Novel[edit]

  • Portrayed in the 1942 novel A Tender Heart (다정불심; a.k.a. "Tender Heartedness") by Park Jong-hwa.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Her father's only known brother, Alu (阿魯), did not father any emperors, so she was not aunt to an emperor. There was precedence, however, to the title of "princess supreme" being bestowed to women who were not an emperor's aunt, for instance, Sengge Ragi, an emperor's sister.
  1. ^ In Lunar calendar, she died on 15 February 1365.
  2. ^ a b Hu, Chien-Ju (2017). "A Preliminary Survey on the Late Period of Royal Marriage Between Yuan-Goryeo Dynasties". The History Education Review (in Korean). 24: 193–214.
  3. ^ Weatherford, Jack (2010). The secret history of the Mongol queens: how the daughters of Genghis Khan rescued his empire (1st ed.). New York: Crown Publishers. p. 127. ISBN 9780307407153. OCLC 354817523.
  4. ^ "노국대장공주" [Princess Noguk]. Encyclopedia of Korean Culture (in Korean). Retrieved 11 February 2020.
  5. ^ Farmer, Edward L. (1995). Zhu Yuanzhang and Early Ming Legislation. Brill. p. 140. ISBN 90-04-10391-0. The emperor's agnatic aunt shall be called Princess Supreme [dazhang gongzhu]. The emperor's sisters shall be called Grand Princesses [zhang gongzhu].
  6. ^ Veritable Records of the Joseon Dynasty: Yeonsan. Vol. 21. Year 3, Month 2, Day 15.

External links[edit]