Queen Noguk

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Queen Indeok
서울 마포 고려 공민왕 내외 영정.jpg
Queen consort of Goryeo
PredecessorPrincess Deoknyeong
SuccessorRoyal Consort Sun-bi
Yuan dynasty
Died8 March 1365
Kingdom of Goryeo
SpouseKing Gongmin of Goryeo
Posthumous name
FatherBayir Temür
Queen Noguk
Revised RomanizationNoguk Daejang Gongju
McCune–ReischauerNokuk Taechang Kongchu
Posthumous name
Revised RomanizationIndeok Wanghu
McCune–ReischauerIntŏk Wanghu
Korean Personal Name
Revised RomanizationWang Gajin
McCune–ReischauerWang Kachin

Queen Noguk of the Borjigin clan (?–1365), also known by her posthumous name Queen Indeok, was an ethnic Mongol princess and queen of Goryeo by marriage to King Gongmin. Her Mongolian name was Budashiri (Mongolian: Будшир; Middle Mongolian: ᠪᠦᠳᠬᠠᠱᠢᠷᠢ; Chinese: 寶塔實里 or 寶塔失里).


Queen Noguk was born Budashiri, a member of the Yuan dynasty's ruling Borjigin clan and a great-great-great granddaughter of Kublai Khan. Though her birth year is unknown, she is recorded as having married the reformist monarch Gongmin of Goryeo in the Yuan capital of Khanbaliq in 1349, after which she went to live in Goryeo.

Queen Noguk's marriage followed a practice established by Kublai Khan, where female members of the Yuan imperial clan were married to Goryeo princes in order to maintain Yuan hegemony on the Korean peninsula.[1] By contrast with earlier marriages between the Yuan and Goryeo dynasties, however, Budashiri's marriage to Gongmin was described as happy.[1]

Despite the close relationship between King Gongmin and her, they were childless. Queen Noguk became pregnant fifteen years after marriage, but died in 1365 from complications related to the childbirth.[2]

After her death, King Gongmin became indifferent to politics and entrusted great tasks to a Buddhist monk, Pyeonjo, who was executed in 1371. King Gongmin was killed in his sleep by Hong Ryun (홍륜), Choe Man-saeng (최만생), and others in 1374.


Jongrung, the tomb of Queen Noguk, next to the tomb of King Gongmin.

King Gongmin began the construction of a tomb near Kaesong after Queen Noguk's death. The queen was interred under the mound Jongrung, and her husband was later buried under an accompanying mound known as Hyonrung.[3]

In 1367, she posthumously received the title "princess supreme" (daejang gonju, 大長公主) – typically accorded to aunts of emperors (even though she was not).[4][N 1]

According to the Veritable Records of the Joseon Dynasty, the tenth king Yeonsan believed that Queen Noguk had looked similar to his mother, the deposed Queen Yun, so he collected Queen Noguk's portraits at government offices.[5]


In popular culture[edit]

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See also[edit]


  1. ^ Her father's only known brother, Alu (阿魯), did not father any emperors, so she was not aunt to an emperor. There was precedence, however, to the title of "princess supreme" being bestowed to women who were not an emperor's aunt, for instance, Sengge Ragi, an emperor's sister.
  1. ^ a b Hu, Chien-Ju (2017). "A Preliminary Survey on the Late Period of Royal Marriage Between Yuan-Goryeo Dynasties". The History Education Review (in Korean). 24: 193–214.
  2. ^ Weatherford, Jack (2010). The secret history of the Mongol queens: how the daughters of Genghis Khan rescued his empire (1st ed.). New York: Crown Publishers. p. 127. ISBN 9780307407153. OCLC 354817523.
  3. ^ "노국대장공주" [Princess Noguk]. Encyclopedia of Korean Culture (in Korean). Retrieved 11 February 2020.
  4. ^ Farmer, Edward L. (1995). Zhu Yuanzhang and Early Ming Legislation. Brill. p. 140. ISBN 90-04-10391-0. The emperor's agnatic aunt shall be called Princess Supreme [dazhang gongzhu]. The emperor's sisters shall be called Grand Princesses [zhang gongzhu].
  5. ^ Veritable Records of the Joseon Dynasty: Yeonsan. 21. Year 3, Month 2, Day 15.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Princess Deoknyeong
Queen consort of Korea
1351 – 1365
Succeeded by
Royal Consort Sun-bi