Queen Soheon

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Queen Soheon
소헌왕후
Queen Consort of Joseon
Tenure 1418 – 1446
Predecessor Queen Wongyeong
Successor Queen Jeongsun
Crown Princess of Joseon
Tenure 1418
Predecessor Crown Princess Suseong
Successor Crown Princess Hwi-Bin
Born 12 October 1395
Yangju, Kingdom of Joseon
Died 19 April 1446 (aged 50)
Kingdom of Joseon
Burial Yeongneung tomb, Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty, west of the city of Yeoju
37°18′29″N 127°36′11″E / 37.30806°N 127.60306°E / 37.30806; 127.60306
Spouse King Sejong of Joseon
Issue King Munjong of Joseon
King Sejo of Joseon
Yi Yong, Grand Prince Anpyeong
Yi Gu, Grand Prince Imyeong
Yi Yeo, Grand Prince Gwangpyeong
Yi Yu, Grand Prince Geumseong
Yi Im, Grand Prince Pyeongwon
Yi Yeom, Grand Prince Yeongeung
Princess Jeongso
Princess Jeongui
Posthumous name
선인제성소헌왕후
House Cheongsong Shim
Father Shim On
Mother Lady Ahn of the Sunheung Ahn clan

Queen Soheon (12 October 1395 – 19 April 1446) (소헌왕후 심씨) was queen consort to King Sejong of Joseon and the mother of King Munjong of Joseon and King Sejo of Joseon.

Early life and marriage[edit]

Queen Soheon (소헌왕후) was the first daughter born to Lord Shim On (심온, 1375 – December 25, 1418) and Lady Sunheung of the Ahn clan (순흥부부인 안씨). She was granddaughter of Sim Deok-bu (심덕부, 1328–1401) Her paternal uncle, Sim Jong is Taejo's son-in-law (created Prince Consort Cheongwon) through his marriage to Princess Gyeongseon.

Death and legacy[edit]

Queen Soheon was buried with her husband, King Sejong in a burial mound, surrounded by statues of scholars, military officials, and horses. The site has a memorial shrine and pond. Their tomb, Yeongneung, is within the Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty, west of the city of Yeoju.

Prince Suyang commissioned the creation of the Seokbosangjeol after the death of his mother, Queen Soheon, intending it to ease her passage to the next life. It was, however, also made available to the general population of Korea, to encourage the propagation of the Buddhist faith. It was translated from Chinese to Korea's native hangul characters, and as such represents the oldest form of indigenous Korean written text.[1][2] The book was written at his father's request, and included more than 580 Buddhist lyrics by Sejong in ‘’Wolincheongangligok".[3] It was first published in 24 volumes in 1447 C.E.[4] An original edition is held at the National Library of Korea in Seoul, where it is designated a Tangible Cultural Treasure.[5]

Illustration of the grounds of the Yongmunsa Temple of the Jogye Order in Yangpyeong, South Korea

Family[edit]

  • Father: Shim On (1375 – 18 January 1419) (심온)
    • Grandfather: Shim Deok-Bu (1328 – 1401) (심덕부)
    • Grandmother: Lady Song of the Cheongju Song (청주 송씨)
  • Mother: Lady Ahn of the Sunheung Ahn clan (? – 1444) (순흥 안씨)
    • Grandfather: Ahn Cheon-Bo (1339 – 1425) (안천보)
    • Grandmother: Lady Kim of the Yeongju Kim clan (영주 김씨)
  • Husband: King Sejong of Joseon (15 May 1397 – 8 April 1450) (세종)
    • Daughter: Princess Jeongso (1412 – 25 February 1424) (정소공주)
    • Son: King Munjong of Joseon (15 November 1414 – 1 June 1452) (조선 문종)
      • Daughter-in-law: Royal Noble Consort Hwi of the Andong Kim clan (1410 – 1429) (휘빈 김씨)
      • Daughter-in-law: Royal Noble Consort Sun of the Haeum Bong clan (1414 – 1436) (순빈 봉씨)
      • Daughter-in-law: Queen Hyeondeok of the Andong Kwon clan (17 April 1418 – 10 August 1441) (현덕왕후 권씨)
    • Daughter: Princess Jeongui (1415 – 11 February 1477) (정의공주)
      • Son-in-law: Ahn Maeng-Dam (1415 – 1462) (안맹담)
    • Son: King Sejo of Joseon (2 November 1417 – 23 September 1468) (조선 세조)
    • Son: Yi Yong, Grand Prince Anpyeong (18 October 1418 – 18 November 1453) (이용 안평대군)
      • Daughter-in-law: Unnamed Princess Consort of the Yeongil Jeong clan (? – 31 May 1453) (부부인 영일 정씨)
    • Son: Yi Gu, Grand Prince Imyeong (7 January 1420 – 21 January 1469) (이구 임영대군)
      • Daughter-in-law: Princess Consort Jean of the Jeonju Choi clan (제안부부인 최씨)
    • Son: Yi Yeo, Grand Prince Gwangpyeong (2 May 1425 – 7 December 1444) (이여 광평대군)
      • Daughter-in-law: Princess Consort Yeonggi of the Pyeongsan Shin clan (영가부부인 신씨)
    • Son: Yi Yu, Grand Prince Geumseong (28 March 1426 – 21 October 1457) (이유 금성대군)
      • Daughter-in-law: Princess Consort Wonsan of the Jeonju Choi clan (완산부부인 최씨)
    • Son: Yi Im, Grand Prince Pyeongwon (18 November 1427 – 16 January 1445) (이임 평원대군)
      • Daughter-in-law: Princess Consort Gangnyeong of the Namyang Hong clan (? – 1483) (강녕부부인 홍씨)
    • Son: Yi Yeom, Grand Prince Yeongeung (23 May 1434 – 2 February 1467) (이염 영응대군)
      • Daughter-in-law: Princess Consort Chunseong of the Haeju Jeong clan(춘성부부인 정씨)
      • Daughter-in-law: Princess Consort Daebang of the Yeosan Song clan (대방부부인 송씨)
      • Daughter-in-law: Princess Consort Yeonseong of the Yeonan Kim clan (연성부부인 김씨)

Popular culture[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sejo, King of Korea (1417-1468). "Life History and Sermon of Buddha Abstracted from Buddhist Scriptures". World Digital Library. Retrieved 23 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Seokbosangjeol title". Record Depository. Digital Hangeul Museum. Retrieved 23 May 2013. 
  3. ^ Kim, Doosik. The History of Hnageul Typeface. Spinning Wheel of Time. p. 106. ISBN 978-89-6511-077-4. 
  4. ^ Kim, Mu-bong (March 2013). "A Study for 20th Volume of 『Seokbosangjeol(釋譜詳節)』 ―Focusing on Bibliography and Language". Journal of Buddhist Studies (34). Retrieved 23 May 2013. 
  5. ^ "The Soul of Korea: National Library of Korea". National Library of Korea. Retrieved 23 May 2013. 

External links[edit]

  • Soheon, thetalkingcupboard.com
Preceded by
Queen Wongyeong
Queen consort of Joseon
1418–1446
Succeeded by
Queen Jeongsun