Queen Yun

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Queen Jeheon
제헌왕후
Queen consort of Joseon
Tenure1476 – 1479
PredecessorQueen Gonghye
SuccessorQueen Jeonghyeon
Born15 July 1455
Kingdom of Joseon
Died29 August 1482 (1482-08-30) (aged 37)
Kingdom of Joseon
SpouseKing Seongjong of Joseon
IssueKing Yeonsan of Joseon
HouseHaman Yun
FatherYun Ki-Gyeon
MotherLady Shin of the Goryeong Shin clan
Queen Yun
Hangul
폐비윤씨
Hanja
廢妃尹氏
Revised RomanizationPyebi Yunssi
McCune–ReischauerPyepi Yunssi
Former title
Hangul
제헌왕후
Hanja
齊獻王后
Revised RomanizationJeheon wanghu
McCune–ReischauerJehŏn wanghu

Queen Lady Yun (Korea:폐비윤씨, hanja: 廢妃 尹氏, 15 July 1445 – 29 August 1482), was a Queen consort of Joseon Korea by marriage to King Seongjong. She was an 11th generation descendant of General Yun Gwan (윤관). She was the second wife of King Seongjong of the Joseon Dynasty, and mother of King Yeonsangun. She was a Royal Noble Consort of the King, and became Queen ('Gonghye') after her predecessor died.

Life[edit]

Queen Yoon, formally known as Queen Jeheon, served Seongjong of Joseon as a concubine until the death of Queen Gonghye of Han, Seongjong's first wife. With no royal heir, the king was urged by counselors to take a second wife to secure the royal succession.

Lady Yoon was chosen for her beauty,[1] and was formally married in 1476. Several months later, she gave birth to her first son, Yi Yung, later to become King Yeonsangun of Joseon. The new queen proved to be temperamental and highly jealous of Seongjong's concubines living inside the palace, even stooping to poisoning one of them in 1477.

One night in 1479, she clawed the king, leaving visible scratch marks on his face. King Seongjong tried to conceal the injury, but his mother, Grand Queen Insu, discovered the truth and ordered Lady Yoon, now known as the Deposed Queen Yoon, into exile.

After several rehabilitation attempts initiated by her party, influential government officials petitioned for her execution. She was sentenced to death and poisoned shortly thereafter. The manner and matter of her death became a pretext by her son to purge the court and government of opponents and critics of his rule.

Family[edit]

  • Father: Yun Ki-Gyeon (윤기견)
    • Grandfather: Yun Eung (윤응)
    • Grandmother: Lady Kwon of the Andong Kwon clan (안동 권씨)
  • Mother: Lady Shin of the Goryeong Shin clan (고령 신씨)
  • Husband: King Seongjong of Joseon (20 August 1457 – 20 January 1494) (조선 성종)

Media depictions[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Such was her beauty that it was said to resemble Princess Noguk's face. From the Annals of the Joseon Dynasty, entry dated 1497, during the 3rd year of her son's rule.
  • 폐비 윤씨 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Queen Gonghye
Queen consort of Korea
1476–1479
Succeeded by
Queen Jeonghyeon