Monarchy of Malta
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|Monarchy of Malta|
Coat of Arms of Malta
Queen Elizabeth II of Malta
|First monarch||Queen Elizabeth II|
|Last monarch||Queen Elizabeth II|
|Formation||21 September 1964|
|Abolition||13 December 1974|
|Residence|| United Kingdom
San Anton Palace
The Monarchy of Malta (the Maltese monarchy) was the system of government in which a hereditary monarch was the sovereign of Malta from 1964 to 1974. The position was occupied by Queen Elizabeth II, who was officially known as "Queen of Malta". Malta shared the Sovereign with the other Commonwealth realms. The monarch's constitutional roles were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of Malta.
Elizabeth II, Queen of the United Kingdom, became Queen of the state of Malta by the Malta Independence Act 1964, which transformed the British Crown Colony of Malta into an independent sovereign state. The Queen's executive powers were delegated to and exercised by the Governor-General of Malta. In common with other Commonwealth realms—independent countries within the Commonwealth of Nations sharing the same head of state—the royal succession was governed by the English Act of Settlement of 1701.
Elizabeth II remained the head of state of Malta until the amendment of the Constitution of Malta on 13 December 1974, which abolished the monarchy and established a republic and the office of President of Malta.
Elizabeth II visited Malta in 1954 (3–7 May), 1967 (14–17 November), 1992 (28–30 May), 2005 (23–26 November), and 2007 (20 November). She referenced her 1967 visit in her Christmas Broadcast that year, saying: "Today Malta is independent, with the Crown occupying the same position as it does in the other self-governing countries of which I am Queen. This is the opening of a new and challenging chapter for the people of Malta and they are entering it with determination and enthusiasm."
Between 1949 and 1951, before she became queen, she stayed on the islands four times, visiting her husband, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, who was stationed in Malta as a serving officer in the Royal Navy.
List of monarchs
|House of Windsor|
|Portrait||Name||Birth||Death||Monarch from||Monarch until||Consort||Heir apparent|
|Queen Elizabeth II||21 April 1926||21 September 1964||13 December 1974||Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh||Charles, Prince of Wales|
21 September 1964 – 18 January 1965
By the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith
18 January 1965 – 13 December 1974
By the Grace of God, Queen of Malta and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth
- Speech delivered by Elizabeth II at State banquet in Malta, 23 November 2005
- Speech delivered by Elizabeth II at opening of the Commonwealth Heads of Government meeting in Malta, 25 November 2005