Queen of Trinidad and Tobago
|Queen of Trinidad and Tobago|
|Heir apparent||Charles, Prince of Wales|
|First monarch||Elizabeth II|
|Last monarch||Elizabeth II|
|Formation||31 August 1962|
|Abolition||1 August 1976|
Elizabeth II was Queen of Trinidad and Tobago from 1962 to 1976. She was also the monarch of the other Commonwealth realms, including the United Kingdom. The monarch's constitutional roles in Trinidad and Tobago were delegated to a Governor-General, who acted on the advice of Trinidadian ministers.
Trinidad and Tobago became an independent monarchy on 31 August 1962. In 1974, a constitutional reform commission led by Chief Justice of Trinidad and Tobago Hugh Wooding recommended that the country become a republic, in line with almost universal national opinion. A new constitution was adopted on 1 August 1976, when Trinidad and Tobago became a republic within the Commonwealth with the President of Trinidad and Tobago as head of state.
The Queen visited Trinidad and Tobago on 7–9 February 1966 and 1–3 November 1985 as part of Caribbean Commonwealth tours, and 26–28 November 2009 to attend the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 2009.
|Portrait||Name||Term Start||Term End||Birth||Death||Consort||Heir apparent|
|Elizabeth II||31 August 1962||1 August 1976||21 April 1926||Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh||Charles, Prince of Wales|
31 August 1962 – 2 November 1962: By the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith
2 November 1962 – 1 August 1976: By the Grace of God, Queen of Trinidad and Tobago and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth
- Trinidad and Tobago Constitution Reform Commission (27 December 2013). "National Consultation on Constitutional Reform: Report" (pdf). Ministry of Legal Affairs. p. 6. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
- Ministry of Public Administration and Information. "Republic Day". National Library of Trinidad and Tobago. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
- Derek O'Brien (2014). The Constitutional Systems of the Commonwealth Caribbean: A Contextual Analysis. Bloomsbury. 2. The Head of State. Part II: The Crown as Head of State. ISBN 978-1-84946-152-8.
- "Commonwealth visits since 1952". Official website of the British monarchy. Royal Household. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
- "Visit by The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh to Bermuda, and Trinidad and Tobago". Official website of the British monarchy (Press release). Royal Household. 2009. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
- Royal proclamation published in the Trinidad and Tobago Gazette, 2 November 1962, quoted in "Trinidad and Tobago: Heads of State: 1962–1976". archontology.org. Retrieved 10 November 2015.