Queen of the Gambia
|Queen of The Gambia|
Elizabeth II on a Gambian stamp, 1953
|Formation||18 February 1965|
|Abolition||24 April 1970|
Elizabeth II was Queen of The Gambia from 1965 to 1970, when The Gambia was a constitutional monarchy within the Commonwealth of Nations. The Queen was also the monarch of the other Commonwealth realms, including the United Kingdom. Her constitutional roles in The Gambia were delegated to a Governor-General.
The Gambia was granted independence in 1965 under the Parliament of the United Kingdom's Gambia Independence Act 1964, which unified the Gambia Colony and Protectorate into an independent sovereign state.
After two referenda on constitutional amendments, the first unsuccessful because it did not pass by the necessary two-thirds majority and the second successful, The Gambia adopted a new constitution that abolished the monarchy on 24 April 1970. The Gambia became a republic within the Commonwealth, with the President of The Gambia as head of state.
The Queen visited The Gambia on 3–5 December 1961.
|Elizabeth II||21 April 1926||Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh||Charles, Prince of Wales|
18 February 1965 – 18 June 1965: By the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith
18 June 1965 – 24 April 1970: Queen of The Gambia and all Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth
- George S. Cuhaj, ed. (2015). "Gambia". 2016 Standard Catalog of World Coins 2001–Date (10th ed.). Krause. p. 538. ISBN 978-1-4402-4410-0.
- Robert L. Maddex (2008). "The Gambia". Constitutions of the World (3rd ed.). CQ Press. p. 159. ISBN 978-0-87289-556-0.
- "Commonwealth visits since 1952". Official website of the British monarchy. Royal Household. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
- Royal Style and Titles Act, 1965 (full title: An Act to provide for the alteration of the Royal Style and Titles) quoted at "The Gambia: Heads of State: 1965–1970". archontology.org. Retrieved 9 November 2015.