Queenborough (UK Parliament constituency)

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Queenborough
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1572 (1572)1832 (1832)
Number of members Two

Queenborough was a rotten borough situated on the Isle of Sheppey in Kent. From 1572 until it was abolished by the great reform act of 1832, it returned two Members of Parliament. The franchise was vested in the freemen of the town, of whom there were more than 300. Its electorate was therefore one of largest of the 56 boroughs that were abolished. Most freemen, however, were non resident.

A small town in Kent, England, which grew as a port near the Thames Estuary. Formerly a municipal borough in the Faversham parliamentary division of Kent, is two miles south of Sheerness on the Isle of Sheppey, nearby the westward entrance to the Swale, where it joins the River Medway. It is now in the Sittingbourne and Sheppey parliamentary constituency and governed by Swale Borough Council and Queenborough Town Council. Queenborough Harbour offers moorings between the Thames and Medway. It is possible to land at Queenborough on any tide and there are boat builders and chandlers in the marina. Admiral Lord Nelson, is reputed to have learnt much of his seafaring skills in these waters, and also shared a house near the small harbour with his mistress, the Lady Hamilton.

Members of Parliament[edit]

1572-1640[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1571 John Brooke alias Cobham John Parker [1]
1572 (May) John Brooke alias Cobham William Butler, died
and replaced Dec 1580 by
Sir Humphrey Gilbert [1]
1584 (Nov) John Brooke alias Cobham William Parry, expelled from the House
and replaced Feb 1585 by
Sir Edward Hoby [1]
1586 (Sep) Sir Edward Hoby Michael Sondes [1]
1588 William Boys Michael Sondes [1]
1593 John Brooke alias Cobham John Baynham [1]
1597 Sir George Carew Michael Sondes [1]
1601 Sir Michael Sondes Nicholas Troughton [1]
1604 Sir Edward Stafford Michael Sondes Richard Wright
1614 Roger Palmer Robert Hatton
1621-1622 John Palmer William Friend
1624 Roger Palmer Robert Pooley
1625 Roger Palmer Sir Edward Hales
1626 Roger Palmer Robert Pooley
1628 Roger Palmer Sir John Hales
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned

1640-1832[edit]

Year 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
April 1640 Sir Edward Hales Parliamentarian John Wolstenholme
November 1640 William Harrison Royalist
June 1643 Harrison disabled from sitting - seat vacant
1645 Sir Michael Livesey
April 1648 Hales disabled from sitting
1648 Augustine Garland
1653 Queenborough was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
1654 Augustine Garland Queenborough had only one seat in the First and
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
1656 Gabriel Livesey
January 1659 Thomas Bayles Hon. James Herbert
May 1659 Augustine Garland One seat vacant
April 1660 Sir William Wheler Hon. James Herbert
1661 Sir Edward Hales
1677 James Herbert
January 1681 William Glanville
February 1681 Gerard Gore
1685 Sir John Godwin Caleb Banks
1689 Robert Crawford James Herbert (the younger)
1690 Sir John Banks
1695 Caleb Banks
1696 Thomas King
1705 Rear-Admiral Sir John Jennings
1708 Henry Withers
1710 Colonel Thomas King James Herbert (the third)
1713 Charles Fotherby
1715 Philip Jennings
1722 Vice Admiral James Littleton Lieutenant Colonel John Cope
1723 Captain Lord Forbes
1727 Sprig Manesty John Crowley
1728 Captain Sir George Saunders
1729 Richard Evans
1735 Lord Archibald Hamilton
1741 Thomas Newnham
1754 Sir Charles Frederick Captain Sir Peircy Brett [2]
1774 Sir Walter Rawlinson
1784 John Clater Aldridge Captain George Bowyer
1790 Gibbs Crawfurd Richard Hopkins
1793 Augustus Rogers Tory
1794 John Sargent Tory
1796 Evan Nepean Tory
1802 John Prinsep Whig George Peter Moore Whig
March 1806 Sir Samuel Romilly Whig
October 1806 William Frankland Whig
1807 Joseph Hunt[3] Tory Hon. John Villiers Tory
1810 Richard Wellesley Tory
January 1812 Sir Robert Moorsom Tory
October 1812 John Osborn Tory
1818 Hon. Edmund Phipps Tory
1820 Hon. John Villiers Tory George Peter Holford Tory
1824 Lord Frederick Bentinck Whig
1826 The Lord Downes Tory John Capel Tory
August 1830[4] William Holmes Tory Sir Philip Charles Henderson Durham Tory
December 1830 John Capel Tory Thomas Gladstone Tory
1831 Lt General Sir John Colquhoun Grant Tory
1832 Constituency abolished

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-10-12. 
  2. ^ Rear Admiral from 1762
  3. ^ Hunt was expelled from the Commons on 23 May 1810
  4. ^ At the election of 1830 Holmes and Durham were initially declared to have defeated Capel and Gladstone and took their seats, but on petition the result was reversed. Holmes had also been elected for Haslemere, and sat for that constituency for the rest of the Parliament.

References[edit]

  • Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) [1]
  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [2]
  • J E Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)
  • Henry Stooks Smith, "The Parliaments of England from 1715 to 1847" (2nd edition, edited by FWS Craig - Chichester: Parliamentary Reference Publications, 1973)
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "Q" [self-published source][better source needed]