Queens Museum

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Queens Museum
Queens Museum-1.jpg
Established 1972[1]
Location Flushing Meadows–Corona Park, Queens, NY 11368
Coordinates 40°44′45″N 73°50′48″W / 40.74583°N 73.84667°W / 40.74583; -73.84667Coordinates: 40°44′45″N 73°50′48″W / 40.74583°N 73.84667°W / 40.74583; -73.84667
Type Art museum[2]
Director Laura Raicovich[3]
Public transit access
Website www.queensmuseum.org

The Queens Museum, formerly the Queens Museum of Art, is an art museum and educational center located in Flushing Meadows-Corona Park in the borough of Queens in New York City, United States. The museum is housed in the New York City Building, which was built for the 1939 New York World's Fair, and which then hosted the United Nations General Assembly from 1946 to 1950. The museum itself was founded in 1972, and has among its permanent exhibitions, the Panorama of the City of New York, a room-sized scale model of the five boroughs originally built for the 1964 New York World's Fair, and repeatedly updated since then. It also has a large archive of artifacts from both World's Fairs, a selection of which is on display.

Building history[edit]

Plaque outside the Museum commemorating the UN General Assembly meeting on the site from 1946-1950

The Queens Museum is located in the New York City Building, the historic pavilion designed by architect Aymar Embury II[4] for the 1939 World’s Fair. From 1946 to 1950, the pavilion was the temporary home of the United Nations General Assembly, and was the site of numerous defining moments in the UN’s early years, including the creation of UNICEF, the partitions of both Korea and Palestine.[4][5][6]

In 1964, the building was renovated by architect Daniel Chait and was once again used as the New York City Pavilion for the 1964 World’s Fair, where it displayed the Panorama of the City of New York, which is still on display. The 1939 Billy Rose Aquacade and Amphiteater was also renovated for the 1964-65 World's Fair, but fell into disrepair in the 1980s and was torn down in 1996.[4][5]

In 1972, with minor alterations, the north side of the New York City building was converted into the Queens Center for Art and Culture, later renamed the Queens Museum of Art.[4][5] In 1994, the building underwent a further renovation, with architect Rafael Viñoly reconfiguring the structure into galleries, classrooms, and offices. For many years, half of the building was an ice skating rink.[4][5]

The museum embarked on a $69 million[5] expansion project in 2009,[7] which was originally slated to be completed in October 2013.[4] Grimshaw Architects, along with the engineering firm of Ammann & Whitney, developed plans to add an additional 50,000 square feet (4,600 m2) of exhibition, education and office space as well as eight new artist studios,[7] thereby doubling the museum’s size to 100,000 square feet (9,300 m2), as it will take over the entire New York City Building. The ice skating rink, which had occupied the southern half of the building for six decades, was relocated to a new facility in the northeastern section of Flushing Meadows–Corona Park. The expanded museum reopened in November 2013 with a new entrance at Grand Central Parkway.[4][5]

In 2016, the Queens Museum was unexpectedly closed from September 3–13 due to security restrictions for events at the nearby Grandstand Stadium for the US Open tennis competition. As of 2017, it is not clear whether or not heavy security for future sports events will affect the Museum's accessibility to the public.[8]

Collections and exhibits[edit]

A lamp from the Tiffany collection

Permanent collection[edit]

The museum's permanent collection consists of around 10,000 items, over 6,000 of which are documents and objects related to the 1939 and 1964 World's Fairs, some of which are on long-term display. Recent acquisitions, either through purchase or donation, include works by Salvador Dalí, Mark Dion, Andrew Moore's photographs from Robert Moses and the Modern City (a collection of 20th century photographs from the 1964 World's Fair Kodak Pavilion), crime scene photographs from the Daily News Archive (1920s–1960s), and nearly 1,000 drawings by the court reporter and political cartoonist William Sharp.

Neustadt Collection of Tiffany Glass[edit]

Since 1995, the museum has maintained a partnership with the Neustadt Collection of Tiffany glass. Selections from the collection are on long-term display, drawn from a large private Tiffany collection assembled by Dr. Egon Neustadt and his wife Hildegard starting in the mid-1930s. The collection consists of windows, lamps, and related objects and also boasts an archive of nearly 300,000 pieces of flat and sheet glass formerly used by the Tiffany Studios. An archive containing representative samples of each type, color, texture and pattern of this material is being established for exhibition and study. The history of the creation of Tiffany's work is featured in the Queens Museum exhibitions, as Tiffany Studios and Furnaces was once located within studios in Corona, which were closed in the 1930s.[9][10]

Panorama of the City of New York[edit]

The Panorama of the City of New York, as it appeared in 2011

The best-known permanent exhibition at the Queens Museum is the Panorama of the City of New York, which was commissioned by Robert Moses for the 1964 World’s Fair. A celebration of the City’s municipal infrastructure, this 9,335-square-foot (867.2 m2) architectural model includes every single building constructed before 1992 in all five boroughs, at a scale of 1 inch = 1 foot (1:1200).[11] The Panorama was built by a team of 100 people working for the architectural model makers Raymond Lester Associates in the three years before the opening of the 1964 World’s Fair.[11] The model was constructed in 273 sections, depicting a total of 895,000 individual structures; the section showing the Far Rockaway neighborhood was never installed, due to space limitations.[11]

The Panorama was one of the most successful attractions at the 1964 Fair, with "millions" of people paying 10 cents each for a 9-minute simulated helicopter ride around the City.[11]

After the Fair closed, the Panorama remained open to the public, and Lester’s team updated the map in 1967, 1968, and 1969.[11] After 1970, very few changes were made until 1992, when again Lester Associates was hired to update the model to coincide with the re-opening of the museum, after a two-year total renovation of the building by Rafael Viñoly. The model makers changed over 60,000 structures to bring it up-to-date at that time.[11]

In March 2009, the museum announced the intention to update the Panorama on an ongoing basis. To raise funds and draw public attention, the museum will allow individuals and developers to have accurate scale models made of buildings newer than the 1992 update created and added, in exchange for a donation of at least $50. More-detailed models of smaller apartment buildings and private homes, now represented by generic models, can also be added.[11]

As of May 2017, the original twin towers of the World Trade Center were still on the map, even though some new buildings have been built on the actual site; the museum has chosen to allow the vanished structures to remain until construction is complete, rather than representing the ongoing construction. The first new building to be added under the new program was the new Citi Field stadium of the New York Mets; the model of the old Shea Stadium was to be displayed elsewhere in the museum.[12]

The mechanical "helicopter" vehicles were showing signs of wear, and were removed before the 1994 reopening.[11] The current installation by Viñoly features ramps and an elevated walkway which surround the Panorama, allowing viewers to proceed at their own pace, or to linger for as long a look as they desire. Because of space restrictions, portions of the walkway are cantilevered over the outer edges of the map, but a glass floor still allows views of the model below.[11] As in the original installation, tiny scale model airplanes take off and land at LaGuardia Airport, mechanically guided by long wires.

The New York City Panorama was featured in two 2011 works: the movie New Year's Eve directed by Garry Marshall, and the book Wonderstruck by Brian Selznick. Each year, the Queens Museum hosts the "Panorama Challenge", a trivia contest run by The City Reliquary. Contestants use the Panorama to identify various New York City landmarks.

A scale model of the 1964 New York World's Fair site, showing all the buildings and pavilions of the time, is located in a separate area devoted to World's Fair exhibits.

Relief Map of the New York City Water Supply System[edit]

For the 1939 World’s Fair, city agencies were invited to produce exhibits for the New York City Pavilion. The Department of Water Supply, Gas and Electricity (a New York City Department of Environmental Protection predecessor agency) commissioned the Cartographic Survey Force of the Works Progress Administration to create the large Relief Map of the New York City Water Supply System and watershed. Work began in 1938, and a team of map builders toiled over the map with an immense depression-era budget of $100,000 (equivalent to $1,722,000 in 2016). At 540 square feet (50 m2), the map was too big for the allocated space in the city pavilion, resulting in its elimination from the World’s Fair. Ten years later, the map made its first and only public appearance at the city’s Golden Anniversary Exposition in Manhattan’s Grand Central Palace.[13]

By the start of the 21st century, the 27-piece map was in desperate need of conservation. In October 2006, the New York City Department of Environmental Protection and the Queens Museum sent the historic display to McKay Lodge Fine Arts Conservation Lab in Oberlin, Ohio, for restoration. Over the next 18 months, conservators and technicians worked on the model full-time, removing over 70 years of accumulated dirt and re-paintings. Clearing away the dirt and debris, they found much of the original geography and painted details to be intact or recoverable. Road maps and satellite images were used to restore lost portions of the model.

Near the 70th anniversary of the model and the 100th anniversary of the inauguration of the Catskill System's construction, the map was restored to its original form and was installed in the New York City Building, where it remains on long-term loan.[14]

World's Fair Visual Storage and Gallery[edit]

Located on the second floor of the Queens Museum, this exhibit displays memorabilia from both the 1939 and 1964 World's Fairs. This exhibit has a long term connection with Queens Museum because both events were held at Flushing Meadows- Corona Park, and the Museum building is the only remnant structure surviving from both celebrations. The online catalog contains over 10,000 items in total from both fairs.[15][16]

A scale model of the 1964 New York World's Fair site, including all of its buildings and pavilions, is located in the exhibit gallery. It is protected under a clear plastic dome, allowing a close examination of the model, in which each significant structure is labeled with a small flag.

Education and outreach[edit]

Seniors at an educational program
Passport Fridays

Community relations[edit]

Each year, through exhibitions and programs the Queens Museum serves about 200,000 visitors. Attendance is drawn from Queens, the other NYC boroughs and Nassau County as well as international visitors. Museum audiences are distinguished by the diversity of visitors, reflecting the variety of ethnicities living in the borough. Over the last 20 years, a demographic shift has transformed Queens into the most culturally diverse county in the nation, according to the 2000 census: 37% of the population is White, 25% Latino, 20% African-American, and 18% Asian. There are roughly 138 languages spoken in Queens, and more than half of the households are run by people born outside of the United States.

Programs[edit]

The Queens Museum's learning programs annually engages over adults and children.

The museum offers visitors a range of film screenings, dance performances, musical experiences, and public dialogues to provide a point of entry for understanding exhibitions, in addition to making some spaces in the Museum available for rental by outside groups.

Public events[edit]

The Public Events Department at the Queens Museum was founded in 2002, and is said to have resulted in increased attendance at the museum.

Controversy[edit]

The Museum was widely criticized in 2017 for cancelling the Museum's agreement to rent space for a party celebrating the 70th anniversary of the Independence of the State of Israel citing objections raised by “Palestinian friends of the museum.”[17][18][19] Museum Director Laura Raicovich, who had called the party a “political event,” is the co-editor of Assuming Boycott: Resistance, Agency and Cultural Production. (OR Books, 2017 ISBN 1944869433), a book advocating the boycott of Israel.[20] The cancellation of the Israel event was condemned by politicians including Grace Meng, Dov Hikind, Michael Simanowitz, and Rory Lancman, who worked to restore the Museum's commitment to host the event.[20][21][22][23] The planned event was to include a staged reenactment of the November 29, 1947, United Nations vote to recognize the State of Israel; an event that took place in the building that is now the Museum's main gallery.[24]

Security-related closings[edit]

In 2016, the Queens Museum was unexpectedly closed from September 3–13 due to security restrictions for events at the nearby Grandstand Stadium for the US Open tennis competition. As of 2017, it is not clear whether or not heavy security for future sports events will affect the Museum's accessibility to the public.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Building History". Queens Museum of Art. Retrieved May 2, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Queens Museum of Art: About". ARTINFO. 2008. Retrieved July 29, 2008. 
  3. ^ Hirshon, Nicholas (April 15, 2008). "Queens Museum of Art 'will respect past in an up-to-date institution'". New York Daily News. Retrieved March 17, 2009. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Queens Museum Today". Queens Museum of Art. Retrieved March 18, 2009. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Cotter, Holland (November 7, 2013). "A Local Place for a Global Neighborhood". The New York Times. Retrieved May 2, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Gale Virtual Reference Library - Document - United Nations". go.galegroup.com. Retrieved November 16, 2016. 
  7. ^ a b Halperin, Julia. (July 16, 2013), "Queens Museum to double in size" Archived July 21, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. The Art Newspaper
  8. ^ a b Honan, Katie (September 2, 2016). "U.S. Open's Heightened Security Forces Queens Museum to Close". DNAinfo New York. DNAinfo. Retrieved June 25, 2017. 
  9. ^ The Neustadt Collection of Tiffany Glass official website
  10. ^ The Neustadt Collection of Tiffany Glass, Queens Museum website
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Panorama of the City of New York", queensmuseum.org; Queens Museum Panorama pamphlet
  12. ^ Barnard, Anne (March 16, 2009) "You, Too, Can Own a Piece of the (Mini) City" The New York Times
  13. ^ "From Watersheds to Faucets: The Marvel of New York City's Water Supply System". Queens Museum. Queens Museum. Retrieved June 14, 2017. 
  14. ^ "A Watershed Moment: Celebrating the Homecoming of the Relief Map of the New York City Water Supply System" New York City Department of Environmental Protection
  15. ^ "Queens Museum". www.queensmuseum.org. Retrieved November 16, 2016. 
  16. ^ "Gale Virtual Reference Library - Document - World's Fairs". 
  17. ^ Editorial Board (August 16, 2017). "The Queens Museum's New Exhibit? Its Own Disgrace (Ex cathedra editorial)". New York Post. Retrieved August 17, 2017. 
  18. ^ Editorial Board ex cathedra (August 17, 2017). "BDS on exhibit at the Queens Museum (ex catherdra editorial)". New York Daily News. Retrieved August 17, 2017. 
  19. ^ Laufer, Yocheved (August 17, 2017). "Queens Museum reversed decision to cancel Israeli event". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved August 17, 2017. 
  20. ^ a b Martinez, Gina (August 17, 2017). "Queens Museum’s Israel Independence re-enactment back on". Times Ledger. Retrieved August 17, 2017. 
  21. ^ "Queens Museum Reinstates Israel Event After Outcry". The Forward. JTA. August 17, 2017. Retrieved August 17, 2017. 
  22. ^ Gonen, Yoav (August 16, 2017). "Queens Museum accepts deal after backlash from UN ambassador". New York Post. Retrieved August 17, 2017. 
  23. ^ Gonen, Yoav (August 16, 2017). "Israel’s UN ambassador is pissed at Queens Museum". New York Post. Retrieved August 17, 2017. 
  24. ^ Martinez, Gina (June 17, 2017). "The main gallery of the Queens Museum was the site of the original United Nations General Assembly vote on November 29, 1947, establishing Israel as an independent state.". Times Ledger. Retrieved August 17, 2017. 

External links[edit]