Queens of Noise
|Queens of Noise|
|Studio album by|
|Recorded||1976 at Brothers Studio, Santa Monica, CA|
|Producer||Kim Fowley, Earle Mankey|
|The Runaways chronology|
Queens of Noise is the second studio album by the American rock band The Runaways. Released in January 1977 on Mercury Records, it is fundamentally a hard rock album, although it also exhibits influences from punk rock, heavy metal, glam rock, and blues rock. While the album features a range of different tempos, most of it consists of the "heavy" guitar-driven tracks that have come to be seen as The Runaways' signature sound, although it also features two noticeably softer songs that have sometimes been described as early power ballads. While stylistically similar to the band's self-titled debut album The Runaways, Queens of Noise features greater emphases on volume and musical sophistication. The album has received generally positive reviews and has remained the band's best-selling record in the United States.
- 1 Background
- 2 Recording
- 3 Release and packaging
- 4 Composition
- 5 Critical reception
- 6 Releases and legacy
- 7 Track listing
- 8 Personnel
- 9 Charts
- 10 Notes
- 11 References
- 12 External links
After their self-titled debut album achieved some critical and popular success in the summer of 1976, The Runaways retained the same five woman line-up for Queens of Noise: Cherie Currie (lead vocals), Joan Jett (rhythm guitar and lead vocals), Lita Ford (lead guitar), Jackie Fox (bass guitar), and Sandy West (drums). According to Fox, the band was contractually obligated to produce two studio albums each year for their label (Mercury Records), which led to the eventual release of Queens of Noise in January 1977, just seven months after The Runaways went on sale. Before the recording of Queens of Noise began, the increasingly poor relationship between The Runaways and their manager, Kim Fowley, led them to arrive at the mutual decision to bring in a different day-to-day producer for the album. The man selected to both engineer and produce the album was Earle Mankey, most famous for his work with The Beach Boys, although Fowley did remain involved in its production on a periodic basis.
Queens of Noise was recorded at Mankey's Brothers Studio in Santa Monica, California, a facility most famous for its association with The Beach Boys. According to Fox, The Runaways did much of the producing themselves, which resulted in a greater emphasis on volume as well as more musical sophistication than the "keep it simple" approach that Fowley preferred. With the singular exception of "Midnight Music", all of the songs on the album were recorded in the same fashion: drums, bass, and rhythm guitar (except for the riffs) were all recorded "live" at the same time, with West, Fox, and Jett (respectively) all in sight of each other during recordings. They each recorded in separate rooms, however, in order to prevent their instruments from "bleeding" together during recording. Riffs, lead guitar solos, and vocals were then recorded later and ultimately mixed with the drum, bass, and rhythm guitar tracks to achieve the finished product. Ford used multiple techniques for recording her solos, including playing both through a mic'd amplifier and directly into the mixing board. According to Fox, West did not use a click track while recording. In addition to the ten songs that were released on Queens of Noise, The Runaways also recorded two more during these sessions that did not ultimately make the final cut for the album: "Hollywood Dream" and "C'Mon". Both of these songs were eventually included on the 1980 album Flaming Schoolgirls, which included previously unreleased material that was not made public until after The Runaways' breakup in 1979. According to Fox, the recording and potential inclusion of "Hollywood Dream" on this album sparked a "true band rebellion" because only lead vocalist Currie wanted to see it released. Ford and Fox were so displeased with the song that they both refused to record their respective instruments on the track, and with the support of Jett and West they helped ensure that it was not included in the finalized album.
Release and packaging
Queens of Noise was released in January 1977 on three different formats: vinyl record, Musicassette, and Stereo 8 track tape. The cover features all five of The Runaways dressed in similar black shirts and pants, all "clinging to long, metallic shafts" in a design that Marianne Moro describes as a "stripper pole album cover theme". The Runaways are partially obscured by smoke in the photograph that was used on the front cover of the album, which according to Fox was taken "at the last moment before we all started choking". The back cover features a similar photograph that is posed differently and does not include any smoke, which Fox notes was originally intended to grace the front of the album, while the eventual front image was initially planned to be put on the back. After Fox suggested that the smoke-filled image would draw more attention on the front of the album, as well as noting the practical concern that it would not lend itself well to having the track listing and other notes printed over it, Mercury Records agreed and switched the covers.
Queens of Noise features a total of ten songs that are evenly split between the two sides of the original vinyl record. Nine of the ten songs were written or co-written by members of the band themselves, while the other (the title track "Queens of Noise") was written specifically for The Runaways, meaning that the album does not include any true covers. Jett described herself as "really proud" of Queens of Noise as a whole and declared that it "is a lot more listenable" than The Runaways, while Fox felt that it is "not a very good album" overall.
"Queens of Noise"
The album's titular song has a "heavy" sound and features a distinctive riff as well as a guitar solo by Ford. The only song on the album that was not written or co-written by any of The Runaways themselves, "Queens of Noise" was penned by Billy Bizeau of The Quick, the other band that Fowley managed. Jett noted that the title of the song was derived from a lyric in the song "American Nights" from the album The Runaways, while Fowley referred to it as a "great opening song and statement". According to Fox, Currie believed that the song had been written with the intention that she would sing the lead vocals, but Jett insisted on singing them and, with the support of the rest of the band, did so. However, according to Currie, she was unable to sing the lead vocals because she had an abortion shortly before the song was recorded, and by the time she had recovered and returned to the studio, Jett had already recorded the lead vocals. According to Fox, Currie was infuriated by the decision to include Jett's version on the album, although as a compromise she was allowed to sing the first verse during live performances of the song while Jett sang the second verse. Both Fox and Andy Doherty believe that this song in particular serves as a microcosm of the growing tension between Currie and Jett over the issue of lead vocals, a tension reflected by those duties being evenly split between the two on this album.
"Take It or Leave It"
Written singlehandedly by Jett, who also handles lead vocal duties on the song, "Take It or Leave It" challenges the title track in terms of strength and power with its "thunderous" drumming from West, who begins the song with a drum fill, and "powerful" guitar playing by both Ford and Jett. Barry Myers praised it as "possible single material" while Fowley referred to it as "pure Runaways", although Fox dismissed it as "one of my least favorite Runaways songs". Alex Henderson nonetheless deemed it a "classic" in his review for Allmusic, along with the songs "Neon Angels On the Road to Ruin" and "I Love Playin' with Fire", while Jett noted that it "always went over really well" with audiences when it was played live.
In sharp contrast to the first two songs on the album, "Midnight Music" is a softer and more melodic song with Currie on lead vocals. She was quite happy with the finished version of the song, remarking that it "turned out more fantastic than I thought it would". Written by local songwriter Steven Tetsch, Fowley, and Currie together, Fox noted that the song was initially unpopular with the other four members of the band, but in 2000 remarked that upon further listening it was "actually one of the better songs on the album". The album's iTunes review echoed this praise by deeming it and "Heartbeat" power ballads that are "unacknowledged precursors to the hair metal sound that would come to dominate Los Angeles in the ‘80s". Despite this, Doherty argued that it is not representative of The Runaways' style because it "lacks their spirit and rough around the edges approach".
"Born to Be Bad"
Written by Fowley, West, and former bassist (and future Bangle) Michael "Micki" Steele, "Born to Be Bad" is very slow in tempo and also features "unusually mellow" lead vocals from Jett for part of the song. Fox believed that Fowley intended the lyrics to refer at least in part to the Vietnam War but Jett interpreted them as concerning homeless people living in the Manhattan neighborhood of Bowery, a claim supported by Jett's declaration that the song is "about someone who is a born loser". The song has received both highly positive and highly negative reviews. iTunes went as far as to call it the album's "real left-of-center gem" and "a twisted, intoxicated blues workout" that is driven by a Ford guitar solo that it described as an "exhibit of electricity". Myers lamented that it is "not one of the best tracks" on the album, while Fox dismissed it as "almost as embarrassing as Johnny Guitar".
"Neon Angels on the Road to Ruin"
Written by Ford, Fowley, and Fox, "Neon Angels on the Road to Ruin" is driven by a slow riff and a guitar solo that are both provided by Ford. Described simply as a "crunching heavy rock track" and "hard-ass rock", the song is considered by both Henderson and Doherty to be one of the best tracks on the album. Fowley described it as reminiscent of a "European approach to heavy metal", while Fox viewed it as the band's "concession to Lita's heavy metal [desires]." Currie's performance on lead vocals has been called "outstanding" and even considered her "finest performance", although Fox observed that Currie hated to sing it live night after night because she had great difficulty repeatedly hitting the highest notes in the song.
"I Love Playin' with Fire"
The first track on the second side of the original album, "I Love Playin' with Fire" is the second song on Queens of Noise that was written by Jett alone. It is an up-tempo song with Jett providing lead vocals that Myers describes as "divinely decadent", while it also features both a powerful riff and another guitar solo from Ford. Fowley described the lyrical content of the song as Jett's perspective on "getting ripped off and almost destroyed by superficial love". The iTunes review described the song as full of "relentless, gleeful anger", while Fox remarked that it was "always a lot of fun to play" and that she thought that Ford's solo was "one of her best". The song also features hand clapping during the third verse, which The Runaways recorded with a group of friends that included Rodney Bingenheimer, an experience that Fox remembered as an excruciatingly long process because "someone was off on every take".
Written by Fowley, Jett, West, and Kari Krome (Jett's friend and an important catalyst in the band's formation), "California Paradise" was the first of the Queens of Noise songs to be penned, and it was even one of the songs that Fox learned while auditioning for the band. After beginning with another opening drum fill from West, the song quickly becomes a guitar-driven "stomping rock track" with Currie on lead vocals and Jett harmonizing with her on the choruses. It is a unique track on the album because the guitar solo is split between Jett, who plays the first portion, and Ford. Fowley described it as an "answer to 'California Girls' by the Beach Boys although musically it resembles a Gary Glitter record". iTunes characterized it as a "gloriously malevolent" tribute to The Runaways' home state, while Fox praised it as "probably the best song on the album".
Written by Fowley, Fox, and Jett, "Hollywood" features Jett on lead vocals for the fifth and final time on the album, while Fox provides backing vocals. According to Jett, the lyrics of the song concern "a girl wanting to become a star knowing that you can become one." Doherty described it as "one of the weaker [songs] on the album", although Myers considered it one of the four songs that made up the "consistently enjoyable" stretch between "I Love Playin' with Fire" and "Heartbeat".
Originally written by Ford and Fox, "Heartbeat" was conceived as a mock love song to Joey Ramone and was initially intended to feature Fox on lead vocals. Because Currie had already lost a significant number of lead vocals to Jett by the time it was recorded, Fowley decided to have Fox and Currie sing the lead vocals together in an effort to appease Currie, but Fox recalled that "Cherie's voice and mine didn't blend well at all" and they gave up trying to record together. Without Fox's knowledge or approval, Currie and Fowley then rewrote the lyrics to be about David Bowie and recorded the vocals without Fox. According to Currie, "[Fowley] wrote something and I rearranged it and wrote the melody". Jett described the lyrical content as the story of a frontman and a frontwoman who fall in love but "can't stay together because each one has to go their own way to help their career". Myers described it as one of the album's two "tear-jerkers", along with "Midnight Music", and praised Currie's vocals as "irresistibly moody".
The concluding track "Johnny Guitar" was written by Fowley and Ford, and at 7:15 it is more than twice as long as all but one of the other songs on Queens of Noise. Described by Jett as a chance "for Lita to show off her lead guitar work", the "seven minute epic" has been criticized as "an unnecessary use of vinyl" and a "doom-laden attempt at a slow blues number". Fox even went so far as to declare it "without a question the single worst song the Runaways ever did". It has also garnered positive reviews, however, including Henderson's recognition of it being a "fine vehicle" for Ford's guitar playing and Moro's belief that it proved Ford "could actually play".
|Christgau's Record Guide||C|
In a contemporary review, Sounds magazine's Barry Myers said Queens of Noise features an "improved studio sound" and recommended it to his readers. In a negative review for The Village Voice, Robert Christgau gave the album a grade of "C–" and panned The Runaways as "bimbos" whose singing sounds out of tune. In a retrospective review for AllMusic, Alex Henderson gave it four-and-a-half out of five stars and referred to it as The Runaways' "outstanding sophomore effort ... hard rock that pulls no punches either musically or lyrically". Andy Doherty called Queens of Noise "a real development" from The Runaways, deeming that it is "definitely worth a listen . . . in fact, quite a few listens". In his book The Rough Guide to Rock, Peter Buckley praised Queens of Noise as "a pop-metal pinnacle".
Releases and legacy
Between 1997 and 2011, Queens of Noise was re-released on CD six separate times. In 2008, it was included by Australian label Raven Records on a 22-song "2-for-1" CD that also included the entirety of The Runaways along with two selections from Waitin' for the Night.
While critics such as Myers recognized that The Runaways possessed "tremendous potential" going forward and eagerly anticipated their third studio album, Queens of Noise was the final studio album to feature either Currie or Fox. Doherty described the losses of the band's lead vocalist and bassist, respectively, as "a pity as they were both strong in their respective fields". Queens of Noise proved to be the best-performing of any of The Runaways' albums in the charts, reaching number 172 on the Billboard 200 in the United States. The eventual third album, Waitin' for the Night, failed to chart.
Multiple songs from the album were featured in the 2010 film about the band. In addition to the inclusion of the album version of "Hollywood", it also featured covers of "California Paradise", "Queens of Noise", and "I Love Playin' With Fire" recorded by Dakota Fanning and Kristen Stewart, who respectively portrayed Currie and Jett.
|Side One / Side A[nb 1]|
|No.||Title||Writer(s)||Lead vocals by||Length|
|1.||"Queens of Noise"||Billy Bizeau||Joan Jett||3:26|
|2.||"Take It or Leave It"||Jett||Jett||3:23|
|3.||"Midnight Music"||Cherie Currie, Kim Fowley, Steven Tetsch||Currie||2:47|
|4.||"Born to Be Bad"||Fowley, Michael Steele, Sandy West||Jett||4:28|
|5.||"Neon Angels on the Road to Ruin"||Lita Ford, Fowley, Jackie Fox||Currie||3:23|
|Side Two / Side B|
|No.||Title||Writer(s)||Lead vocals by||Length|
|6.||"I Love Playin' with Fire"||Jett||Jett||3:18|
|7.||"California Paradise"||Fowley, Jett, Kari Krome, West||Currie[nb 2]||2:52|
|8.||"Hollywood"||Fowley, Fox, Jett||Jett||2:56|
|9.||"Heartbeat"||Currie, Ford, Fowley, Fox, Earle Mankey||Currie||2:49|
|10.||"Johnny Guitar"||Fowley, Ford||Currie||7:15|
Adapted from the album liner notes.
- Cherie Currie – lead and backing vocals, tambourine and snare (on "Midnight Music")
- Joan Jett – rhythm guitar, lead and backing vocals, lead guitar (on "California Paradise")
- Lita Ford – lead guitar, backing vocals
- Jackie Fox – bass guitar, backing vocals
- Sandy West – drums and percussion, backing vocals
|US Billboard 200||172|
|Swedish Albums Chart||28|
|"Heartbeat"||US Billboard Hot 100||110|
- Henderson, Alex. "The Runaways Queens of Noise review". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- "The Runaways – Queens Of Noise". Discogs. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
- Original LP liner notes (online reproduction available here)
- Fox, Jackie (August 4, 2000). "Queens of Noise". The Runaways Remembered. Blogspot. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- Campbell, Al. "The Runaways Flaming Schoolgirls review". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- Myers, Barry (January 1977). "THE RUNAWAYS: 'Queens of Noise'". Sounds. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- Moro, Marianne (April 2004). "The Runaways: Neon Angels On The Road To Ruin". Perfect Sound Forever. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- "Queens Of Noise". Joan Jett and The Blackhearts Bad Reputation Nation. Blackheart Records. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- Doherty, Andy (October 25, 2009). "The Runaways – Queens Of Noise (1977)". Rock Album Reviews. Archived from the original on March 10, 2012. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- Victory Tischler-Blue (2005). Edgeplay: A Film About the Runaways (Motion picture). Dana Point, California: Sacred Dogs Entertainment Group.
- "Queens of Noise by The Runaways". iTunes. Apple Inc. 2011. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- Christgau, Robert (1981). "Consumer Guide '70s: R". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 089919026X. Retrieved March 12, 2019 – via robertchristgau.com.
- Christgau, Robert (1977). "Consumer Guide". The Village Voice (March 21). New York. Retrieved June 7, 2015.
- Buckley, Peter (2003). The Rough Guide to Rock. London: Rough Guides. p. 893. ISBN 1-84353-105-4.
A pop-metal pinnacle.
- "Queens of Noise – The Runaways: Releases". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
- "The Runaways / Queens of Noise (2-for-1) RVCD-278". ravenrecords.com.au. Raven Records. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
- "The Runaways: Awards – Billboard Albums". AllMusic. United States: Rovi Corporation. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- ""The Runaways" Soundtrack: Stewart and Fanning, Plus Stooges, Bowie and More". Rolling Stone. February 26, 2010. Retrieved March 16, 2010.
- "The Runaways - Queens of Noise (album)". Swedishcharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- "The Runaways Songs". MusicVF.com. Music VF. Retrieved March 14, 2014.