Queensland Police Service
|Queensland Police Service|
Logo of the Queensland Police Service
|Motto||With Honour We Serve|
|Formed||1 January 1864|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Operations jurisdiction*||State of Queensland, Australia|
|Headquarters||200 Roma Street,
Brisbane, QLD 4000
|Police Officers||Approximately 11,000 as of July 2011|
|General Employees||515 (30 June 2010)|
|Police Commissioner responsible||Ian Stewart|
|* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.|
The Queensland Police Service (QPS) is the law enforcement agency responsible for policing the Australian state of Queensland. In 1990, the Queensland Police Force was officially renamed the Queensland Police Service and the old motto of "Firmness with Courtesy" was changed to "With Honour We Serve". The headquarters of the Queensland Police Service is located at 200 Roma Street, Brisbane.
The 1980s was a turbulent period in Queensland Police history. Terry Lewis, a former Queensland Police commissioner, was convicted and jailed for 10 years for corruption and forgery as a result of the Fitzgerald Inquiry.
Commissioner Ian Stewart is the present Commissioner of the Queensland Police Service. The Queensland Police has marked 150 years of service to the state of Queensland on 1 January 2014.
- 1 History
- 2 Criticisms
- 3 Public relations and positive contributions
- 4 Regions
- 5 Ranks and structure
- 6 Specialist areas
- 7 Commissioners
- 8 Equipment
- 9 Vehicles
- 10 Former members
- 11 See also
- 12 Notes
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Queensland as a state did not exist until 6 June 1859. The area now called Queensland was known as North Eastern New South Wales. The colony would have been under the jurisdiction of the New South Wales Police Force up until Queensland established its own police force.
The Queensland Police were established on 1 January 1864 and started operations with approximately 143 employees, including the first Commissioner of Police D.T. Seymour. The service had four divisions: Metropolitan Police, Rural Police, Water Police, and Native Police. Police often worked a seven-day week, although they were entitled to every second Sunday free. Bicycles were introduced in 1895. At the turn of the century there were 845 men and 135 Aboriginal trackers at 256 stations in Queensland.
In 1904 the Queensland Police started to use fingerprinting in investigations. In 1912 Brisbane general strike the Queensland Police were used to suppress striking workers. The first female police officers were inducted in 1931 to assist in inquiries involving female suspects and prisoners. Following World War II a number of technological innovations were adopted including radio for communication within Queensland and between state departments. By 1950 the Service was staffed by 2,030 police officers, 10 women police and 30 trackers. In February 1951, a central communication room was established at the Criminal Investigation Branch in Brisbane.
1960s and 1970s
On 14 May 1963, the Juvenile Aid Bureau was established. In 1965 female officers were given the same powers as male officers. The Queensland Police Academy at Oxley, Brisbane, was completed in 1972. Bicycles were phased out in 1975 and more cars and motorcycles were put into service. The Air Wing also became operational in 1975 following the purchase of two single-engine aircraft.
The decade was a turbulent period in Queensland's political history. Allegations of high-level corruption in both the Queensland Police and State Government led to a judicial inquiry presided by Tony Fitzgerald. The Fitzgerald Inquiry which ran from July 1987 to July 1989 led to charges being laid against many long serving police, including Jack Herbert, Licensing Branch Sergeant Harry Burgess, Assistant Commissioner Graeme Parker and Commissioner Terry Lewis. Lewis was jailed and served ten and a half years.
The Fitzgerald Inquiry also led to a perjury trial against former Premier Joh Bjelke-Petersen, which ended with a hung jury. The Director of Public Prosecutions elected not to pursue a retrial due to Bjelke-Petersen's age and health. It was later revealed that the jury foreman for the trial was a member of the Young Nationals and identified with the "friends of Joh" movement.
The Criminal Justice Commission was established in 1989 by the Queensland Criminal Justice Act 1989, following widespread corruption amongst high-level Queensland politicians and police officers being uncovered in the Fitzgerald Inquiry. It has since merged in 2002 with the Queensland Crime Commission to form the Crime and Misconduct Commission. The Criminal Justice Commission was responsible for significant research into the Queensland Police Service.
A new computerised message switching system was put into use throughout Queensland in 1980. At the time it was one of the most effective police communication systems in Australia.
The Police Powers and Responsibilities Act 1997 was passed by the Queensland Government on 1 July 1997 and took effect 6 April 1998. Law enforcement equipment introduced in the 1990s include oleoresin capsicum (OC) spray, the Smith & Wesson revolver firearm and later the Glock semi-automatic pistol, the long 26" baton to the 21" extendable baton, and linked to hinged handcuffs in 1998, and Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) laser-based detection devices and an Integrated Traffic Camera System in 1999 to enforce traffic speed limits.
The Police Powers and Responsibilities Act 2000 came into force in July 2000 which consolidated the majority of police powers into one Act. The Queensland Police contributed to the national CrimTrac system and the National Automated Fingerprint Identification System (NAFIS), established in 2000. The Crime and Misconduct Act 2001 commenced 1 January 2002 and redefined the responsibilities of the Service and the Crime and Misconduct Commission (CMC) with respect to the management of complaints. The CMC also has a witness protection function. The CMC has investigative powers, not ordinarily available to the Queensland Police, for the purposes of enabling the commission to effectively investigate particular cases of major crime. The CMC also has the power to investigate cases of misconduct in the Queensland public sector, particularly the more serious cases of misconduct. In 2013, the CMC became the Crime and Corruption Committee.
In 2002 there were 8,367 police officers (20.2% female) and 2,925 staff members at 321 stations, 40 Police Beat shopfronts and 21 Neighbourhood Police Beats throughout the state. By 2004 the service grown to 9,003 police officers (21.8% female) and 2,994 other staff members. As at 30 June 2008 there were 10,237 police officers (25% female) and 2,929 other staff members.
The Taser electroshock weapon was trialled by some officers in 2006 and was eventually issued in 2009. In mid-2007, approximately 5,000 officers participated in the Pride in Policing march through Brisbane.
The Queensland Police Special Bureau was formed on 30 July 1940 and renamed Special Branch on 7 April 1948. It was criticised for being used for political purposes by the Bjelke-Petersen government in the 1970s and 1980s, such as enforcing laws against protests (sometimes outnumbering the protesters or using provocateurs to incite violence so the protesters could be arrested) and investigating and harassing political opponents. It was disbanded in 1989 following a recommendation by the Fitzgerald Inquiry into police corruption. Special Branch destroyed its records before Fitzgerald could subpoena them.
The Service has been accused of institutional racism after its fierce support of Senior Sergeant Chris Hurley who stood trial for the 2004 assault and manslaughter of Mulrunji Doomadgee. Senior Sergeant Hurley was initially subject of a Coronial Inquest by Coroner Christine Clements where he was found to have a case to answer despite conflicting medical evidence. The Director of Public Prosecutions Leanne Clare refused to place Senior Sergeant Hurley on trial for lack of evidence. After reviewing the evidence the Crime and Misconduct Commission (CMC) also believed that there was insufficient evidence to prosecute for wrongdoing. The Queensland Attorney General Kerry Shine ordered a review despite advice from the State Solicitor-General Walter Sofronoff QC highlighting the lack of evidence. A review by New South Wales Former Chief Justice Sir Laurence Street found there was a case to answer. Senior Sergeant Hurley was found not guilty by a jury in the Townsville Supreme Court and the findings of the Coronial Inquest were subsequently overturned by the Queensland District Court. The District Court ruled that Coroner's finding "..was against the weight of the evidence.."
Also in 2006 and 2008 footage was caught of police beating homeless men after they were pinned to the ground. It came a year after a report by organisations including the Queensland Council of Social Service (QCOSS) and community groups such as the Red Cross, which detailed widespread harassment by police of the socially vulnerable. Approximately 75% of interviewees made such claims, but the report was ignored by the government. Police Minister Judy Spence said of the report "At a cursory glance, it looks like a compendium of views from nameless, homeless people,".
In 2008, the CMC investigated an officer after he used a Taser on a teenage girl at South Bank, but recommended the officer only receive "managerial guidance". The incident was also against police policy to use tasers on minors. Police later charged the girl with breaching a move on order, but the case was thrown out with the magistrate criticising police's over-reaction. A subsequent inquiry by the CMC into the use of the TASER by the Queensland Police Service found there was no systemic abuse of the device by officers, despite the chairman saying the incident "showed a concerning pattern within QPS towards the handling of policing incidents". CCTV video footage was released, delayed by possible civil action, showing the girl lashing out and kicking the officer, knocking the Taser out of his holster before he used it as she was held on the ground by two security guards.
In June 2009 a man died after allegedly being tasered by Queensland police 28 times. The policeman in question claimed the deceased was tasered a much lower number of times, suggesting the device was making erroneous readings. The coronial inquest later found this not to be the case, and that the officer tasered the man 28 times for up to five seconds at a time.
In early 2010, raids were made by the CMC (Crime and Misconduct Commission) on police stations in Queensland. The results of the raids and interrogations of police officers are being kept confidential, but come less than a year after a CMC report claiming
"the evidence revealed an attitude on the part of a not insignificant number of police officers, and their supervisors, that it was acceptable to act in ways that ignored legislative and QPS policy requirements, that were improper, and in some cases were dishonest and unlawful. Based on past experiences, the CMC had no confidence that the attitudes of those police officers would change without the pressure of public exposure."
Public relations and positive contributions
- The innovation of the QPS has not gone unnoticed by other police jurisdictions. The field DNA sampling method and resources developed by QPS have since been introduced interstate. The QPS and QHFSS were awarded a Prime Minister’s Award for Excellence in Public Administration as a result of their successful collaboration to achieve this result. Four other police agencies have adopted the Forensic Register as their forensic case management system. The spread of this innovation is now improving the effectiveness of forensic science across Australia.
- The Queensland Police Pipes and Drums band performed a benefit concert to raise money in conjunction with The Japan Foundation. All proceeds that were raised went to the Consulate of Japan Donations for Earthquake/Tsunami victims.
- Doomadgee Police Bike Squad took on the challenge of a 100 km charity bike ride from Doomadgee to Burketown in October to show their support for the community. Bicycle patrols in the Doomadgee community were introduced in June this year to increase police interaction with community members. The Doomadgee community has come to embrace the police bike-squad, which is one of the first bicycle squads to be implemented in an indigenous township. The charity ride was proudly supported by community businesses who donated about $300 worth of sporting equipment for local youth initiatives and a further $300 was raised.
- Queensland Police, through their Twitter account, @QPSMedia, Facebook page, Queensland Police and YouTube channel, have demonstrated world's best practice emergency communications management through social media for their efforts through the 2011 Queensland Floods and Cyclone Yasi.
- The Society For The Policing Of Cyberspace (POLCYB), based in Canada, announced the winners of the 2011 International Law Enforcement Cybercrime Award was the Queensland Police. Operation Achilles, the Taskforce Argos operation that led to the infiltration and dismantling of an international child sex offender network has been recognised for its significant contributions to reducing and preventing crimes against children.
- Brian Hay from the QPS Fraud and Corporate Crime Group, State Crime Operations Command won AusCERT Director’s Award for Individual Excellence in Information Security. Which is presented to the individual who in the past year most contributed to information security in the areas of community service, innovation, education, liaison, law enforcement, governance or leadership.
- In 2010 Queensland Police has been awarded the BMC Innovation award at this year’s IT Service Management (ITSM) industry awards for its implementation of a service design, namely Queensland Police Records Management Exchange (QPRIME) which amalgamated over 200 legacy systems.
- Queensland Police Party Safe Initiative recognised as a finalist in the National Drug And Alcohol Awards. The Queensland Police Service (QPS) Party Safe initiative has received recognition as a finalist in the 2008 National Drug and Alcohol Awards for Excellence in the Law Enforcement Category.
Between 1991 and 2013 there were eight geographic regions (Far Northern, Northern, Central, North Coast, Metropolitan North, Metropolitan South, Southern, and South Eastern), three commands (State Crime Operations, Operations Support, and Ethical Standards), and four divisions (Human Resources, Finance, Administration, and Information Management).
From the July 2013 restructure, there are five police regions and four commands in the State of Queensland, each under command of an Assistant Commissioner:
- Northern Region
- Central Region
- Brisbane Region
- Southern Region
- South Eastern Region
- Operations Support Command
- State Crime Command
- Ethical Standards Command
- Road Policing Command
These regions are further divided into districts and further still into divisions. Separately, a new government department, Public Safety Business Agency took over the portfolios of human resources, finance, administration, education and training, and information technology).
Ranks and structure
The Queensland Police Service has two classes of uniformed personnel: police officers ('sworn' and 'unsworn'),[note 1] and staff members (public servants or 'civilian': police liaison officers, watchhouse officers, and pipes and drums musicians). Both classes wear the same blue uniform with shoulder patches, however:
- 'Recruits' are required to replace the chequered band on their wide-brimmed hats with a plain blue piece;
- pipes and drums musicians have hard board epaulettes and with pipes and drums wording;
- police liaison officers (PLOs) are distinguished by a yellow chequered band and a 'Police Liaison Officer' badge; and
- watchhouse officer have grey epaulettes stating 'watchhouse officer'.
Ranks of the Queensland Police Service are as follows:
- Torres Strait Island Police Support Officer (green/white/blue epaulette with embroidered 'TORRES STRAIT ISLAND POLICE SUPPORT OFFICER' and rank)
- Police Liaison Officer (yellow or blue/green (Torres Strait) epaulette with embroidered 'POLICE LIAISON OFFICER')
- Recruit (light blue epaulette with embroidered 'POLICE RECRUIT')
- Inspector (three pips)
- Superintendent (one crown and one pip)
- Chief Superintendent (one crown and two pips)
- Assistant Commissioner (crossed tipstaves with laurels)
- Deputy Commissioner (one pip and crossed tipstaves with laurels)
- Commissioner (one crown and crossed tipstaves with laurels)
Rank insignia is worn only by uniformed officers. Prior to mid-2009, only officers at the rank of inspector and above (commissioned officers) had the words 'Queensland Police' embroidered on their epaulettes, however new uniform mandates saw the introduction of the words 'Queensland Police' on all epaulettes issued to police officers after this date. The epaulettes of commissioned officers are significantly larger than the epaulettes of lesser ranks. Different paypoints apply within the same rank relative to years of service.
Officers must serve a minimum of three years in general duties before being permitted to serve in specialist areas such as:
- Child Protection and Investigation Unit (CPIU), formerly the Juvenile Aid Bureau (JAB)
- Criminal Investigation Branch (CIB)
- Dog Squad
- Forensic Crash Unit, formerly the Accident Investigation Squad (AIS), and before that, the Traffic Accident Investigation Squad (TAIS)
- Forensic Services Branch
- Railway Squad
- Scenes of Crime
- Special Emergency Response Team (SERT)
- Stock and Regional Crime Investigation Squad (SARCIS), formerly the Stock Squad
- Road Policing Units (RPU), formerly Traffic Branch
- Intelligence Analyst
- Water Police
- Public Safety Response Team (PSRT)
- District Education and Training Office (DETO)
- Radio & Electronics Section (RES)
- Police Citizens Youth Club (PCYC)
- Tactical Crime Squad
|2012-||Ian Hunter Douglas Stewart, APM|
|2000–2012||Robert Atkinson, APM|
|1992–2000||James Patrick O'Sullivan, APM|
|1989–1992||Noel Ronald Newnham|
|1987–1989||Ronald Joseph Redmond, QPM (acting)|
|1976–1987||Sir Terence Murray Lewis, OBE, GM, QPM|
|1970–1976||Raymond Wells Whitrod, CVO, QPM|
|1969–1970||Norrin William Bauer, LVO, QPM|
|1958–1969||Francis Erich Bischof, LVO|
|1957||Thomas William Harrold|
|1934–1949||Cecil James Carroll, MC, MVO|
|1925–1934||William Harold Ryan|
|1917–1921||Frederic Charles Urquhart|
|1905–1916||William Geoffrey Cahill|
|1895–1905||William Edward Parry-Okenden|
|1864–1895||David Thompson Seymour|
Standard equipment issued and worn on duty belt by a uniformed police officer:
- Glock 22 pistol
- 2 x magazines plus ammunition
- ASP extendable baton (21") concealed within pouch
- Saflok Mk5 hinged handcuffs
- Motorola radio and radio pouch
- OC (oleoresin capsicum) spray within pouch
Supplier of belt and pouches is TripleB Leathercraft.
Other equipment provided to officers include:
- light weight medic gloves and voice recording devices
As of 2011 all officers around the state carry a Taser (X26) with spare air cartridge, which are both contained within a specially designed holster. In late 2013, officers started trialling Apple iPads and iPhones to access the operational computer QPRIME, given the name 'QLiTE'.
Officers around the state now have an option of an equipment vest which is designed to transfer the weight from the hips to the torso the vest holds the radio, handcuffs and OC spray.
Vehicles currently in use with the Queensland Police Service:
- Ford Falcon (sedan, station wagon and ute XR6 Turbo variant used by Highway patrol)
- Ford Territory
- Ford Mondeo (unmarked)
- FPV F6 sedan
- Holden Captiva (unmarked)
- Holden Commodore (sedan, current station wagon and ute, also unmarked post-2006 model wagons)
- Holden Commodore SS (Highway Patrol)
- Holden Crewman (with prisoner compartment)
- Holden Rodeo (discontinued) with prisoner compartment
- Holden HSV R8 SVR (Highway Patrol, 'Fatal 4' markings) 
- Honda Accord Euro (unmarked)
- Honda ST1300 motorcycle
- Hyundai i20 (unmarked)
- Hyundai i30 (unmarked)
- Hyundai i40
- Hyundai iLoad van
- Hyundai ix35
- Hyundai Santa Fe
- Isuzu D-Max (also used by forensic officers)
- Iveco Daily (dual cab, unmarked, mounted division)
- Mazda 6 (unmarked)
- Mercedes-Benz Sprinter van
- Mercedes-Benz Vito van
- Mitsubishi Lancer (unmarked)
- Mitsubishi Pajero
- Mitsubishi Triton (with prisoner compartment)
- Nissan Patrol
- Nissan X-Trail
- Subaru Liberty (unmarked)
- Toyota Aurion
- Toyota Camry Hybrid
- Toyota Hilux (with prisoner compartment, also unmarked)
- Toyota Kluger
- Toyota Land Cruiser 200 series
- Toyota Land Cruiser Prado
- Toyota RAV4
- Volkswagen Golf (unmarked)
- Volkswagen Jetta (unmarked)
- Yamaha FJR1300 motorcycle
The SERT (Special Emergency Response Team) unit also has two specialised armoured vehicles, Lenco BearCats, at its disposal for use in riot control and other potentially dangerous situations throughout the Brisbane/South Eastern and Northern police regions, with one vehicle stationed in Brisbane and Cairns each.
From 1996 to 2015, nominated vehicles were fitted with other 200 in-car computers supplied by the state transport department, the Mobile Integrated Network Data Access (MINDA) units. From April 2012, automatic number plate recognition technology was fitted to road policing unit vehicles, follow earlier trials.
Queensland Police has received its first police helicopter, based on the Gold Coast in 2012. The helicopter was used for a six-month trial period. The highly anticipated $1.6 million Bell Long Ranger has already been hailed a success, assisting police in 24 different dispatches in its first three days of operation, and will be used extensively during major events such as Schoolies Week and the Gold Coast 600. The helicopter is fitted out with state-of-the-art equipment such as infrared and thermal imaging cameras, and other equipment based on the NSW Police Force helicopters. A second helicopter was introduced by July 2014 in time for the G20 summit in November, responsible for patrolling Brisbane and the Sunshine Coast.
In a first for an Australian police department, Queensland Police have purchased numerous unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs; i.e. drones) which have already been used for surveillance purposes in numerous situations where sending in officers is deemed too risky such as during sieges or hostage rescue operations.
- Terry Lewis
- Francis Bischof
- Wayne Bennett (rugby league)
- Mal Meninga
- Dan Crowley
- Michael Featherstone
- Domenico Cacciola
- 2004 Palm Island death in custody
- Trial of Lex Wotton
- Graham Stafford
- Kenrick Monk
- Crime in Brisbane
- Crime in Australia
- Police misconduct
- Lucas Inquiry
- Queensland Council for Civil Liberties
- Queensland street marches
- Each state legislation defines the organisational structure and terms. In Queensland, employees are either police officers, staff members, or police recruits, collectively referred to as 'members of the Service'. The Police Service Administration Regulation 1990 provides an oath of office ('sworn') and affirmation of office ('unsworn'). The latter caters for a variety of police officers including those who have atheist religious beliefs.
- Whitton, Evan (12 May 2007). "When the Sunshine State set up a scoundrel trap". The Australian. Archived from the original on 17 May 2007. Retrieved 14 May 2007.
- "Documenting Democracy". Letters Patent erecting Colony of Queensland 6 June 1859 (UK). National Archives of Australia. 1859. Retrieved 1 February 2009.
- >about us
- http://www.police.qld.gov.au>about us
- http://www.police.qld.gov.au>about us
- Crime And Misconduct Act 2001 - Section 56. Queensland Consolidated Acts. Retrieved on 4 July 2011.
- Crime And Misconduct Act 2001 - Section 5. Queensland Consolidated Acts. Retrieved on 4 July 2011.
- "QPS 2007-2008 Annual Report" (PDf). Queensland Police Service. 30 June 2008. Retrieved 1 February 2009.
- "The making of civil liberties". Courier-Mail. 13 October 2007.
- "Inside Queensland's spy unit". Brisbane Times. 7 April 2010.
- "Beattie defends Palm Island role". Brisbane Times. 21 June 2007. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
- "Judge overturns Mulrunji Doomadgee death finding". ABC. 19 December 2008. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
- "Queensland police caught on camera". ABC. 21 July 2008. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
- "Caught on camera: Qld Police punching homeless man". ABC. 22 July 2009. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
- "Qld police 'persecute poor, indigenous'". Ninemsn. 14 June 2007. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
- "Officer 'quietly' subdued girl before she was tasered". Brisbane Times. 7 March 2009. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
- "CMC critical of officer over Taser incident". Brisbane Times. 4 March 2009. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
- "16 year old girl tasered in South Bank". Youtube. 6 March 2009. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- "Taser death: stun gun fired 28 times". ABC. 18 June 2009. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
- "Qld man not killed by Taser: coroner". ABC. 14 November 2012. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
- "Police corruption fit for Hollywood". ABC News. 9 February 2010. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
- "Gold Coast police are the most complained about". The Courier-Mail. 15 March 2010. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
- "QPS forensic innovation". QPS. 29 June 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2011.
- "Queensland Police Pipes and Drums raises money for Japan" (PDF). The Japan Foundation. May 2011. Retrieved 4 November 2011.
- "Police ride for their community, Doomadgee". QPS Media. 4 November 2011. Retrieved 4 November 2011.
- "Queensland Police demonstrate best practice emergency communications management via social media". Craig Thomler's professional blog. 24 January 2011. Retrieved 16 March 2011.
- "2011 International Law Enforcement Cybercrime Award". The Society For The Policing Of Cyberspace. 2011. Retrieved 16 March 2011.
- "Winners and Finalists 2010". AusSERT. 2011. Retrieved 4 November 2011.
- "Queensland Police Takes BMC Innovation Award". CIO. 14 September 2011. Retrieved 15 March 2011.
- "Queensland Police Party Safe Initiative recognised as a finalist in the National Drug And Alcohol Awards". National Drug & Alcohol. 2008. Retrieved 15 March 2011.
- Queensland Government (September 2008). "Inquiry into Automatic Number Plate Recognition technology". Queensland parliamentary committees. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
- Queensland Government (15 April 2011). "Automatic number plate recognition technology to be rolled out on Qld roads". Ministerial statements. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
- Queensland Government (7 August 2013). "Police target crime with new technology". Ministerial statements. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
- Queensland Government (1 July 2014). "Queensland’s second police helicopter launched". Ministerial statements. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
- Queensland Police Service
- Public Safety Business Agency
- Dangerous Liaisons - CMC investigation, July 2009
- G.E. Fitzgerald (1989) "Report of a Commission of Inquiry Pursuant to Orders in Council" Commission of Inquiry into Possible Illegal Activities and Associated Police Misconduct Queensland Government Printer.
- Two books about crime and corruption in the Queensland police—Gold Coast Writers Association, 2014.