Orr Street, from centre, looking west
|Population||1,755 (2016 census)|
|Elevation||129 m (423 ft)|
|LGA(s)||West Coast Council|
Queenstown's history has long been tied to the mining industry. This mountainous area was first explored in 1862. It was long after that when alluvial gold was discovered at Mount Lyell, prompting the formation of the Mount Lyell Gold Mining Company in 1881. In 1892, the mine began searching for copper. The final name of the Mount Lyell company was the Mount Lyell Mining and Railway Company.
Early in 1895 a Post Office was opened at Penghana, at the Queen River fork and crossing, about a kilometre north of present-day Queenstown on the road to Strahan; James Robertson was appointed the first postmaster. The only other substantial building nearby was Robertson & Hunter's store. Queenstown Post Office opened on 21 November 1896 and the Penghana office closed; Miss Mylan was the first postmaster. The present-day Queenstown Post Office dates from 1902 and is heritage-listed. The name "Penghana" was adopted for a substantial house nearby, from around 1925–1944 the residence of Mount Lyell mine manager R. M. Murray, and persists today as Penghana Road.
A Queenstown South office opened in 1949 and closed in 1973.
In the 1900s, Queenstown was the centre of the Mount Lyell mining district and had numerous smelting works, brick-works, and sawmills. The area at the time was heavily wooded. The population in 1900 was 5051; the district, 10,451.
The town was the base of the Queenstown council up until amalgamation with other west coast councils in the 1990s. The town in its heyday had a collection of hotels, churches and schools that have largely disappeared since the demise of the Mount Lyell company.
The town was the base of the Organisation for Tasmanian Development started in 1982.
There was a brief boom in prosperity in the 1980s, with the building of several nearby dams by the Hydro. The Darwin and Crotty dams that comprise Lake Burbury (a popular fishing and recreation venue) were built during this period. These followed the cancellation of the Gordon-below-Franklin Dam in 1983 after strong campaigning by environmentalists in the 'No Dams' campaign.
The mountains surrounding Queenstown have unusual pink and grey hues that come from the conglomerate rocks on the two most adjacent mountains - Mount Lyell and Mount Owen. The mountains surrounding Queenstown are often snowcapped through winter. Snow falls a few days out of the year.
Owing to a combination of tree removal for use in the smelters and the smelter fumes (for about 40 years), and the heavy annual rainfall, the erosion of the shallow horizon topsoil back to the harder rock profile contributed to the stark state of the mountains for many decades.
Typical of the successions that occur in fire affected areas in Western Tasmania, the low shrubbery that has revegetated adjacent to hillside creeks is a very early stage of a long recovery for the ecology of the region.
Some concern by local residents in the 1980s, and since, that the low-level succession of plants might affect the stark 'moonscape' appearance of the southern parts of Mount Lyell, and northern Mount Owen. Although there are still large areas incapable of sustaining regrowth due to the acute slopes and lack of soil formation, revegtation projects have been stymied.
The Queen River was for most of the history of the Mount Lyell company the recipient of mining effluent and the Queenstown sewage - which then continued into the King River and consequently the Macquarie Harbour.
The Mount Lyell Remediation and Research and Demonstration Program scheme has since removed the direct flowing mining waste and local waste from the rivers.
Today, the town and district attracts significant numbers of tourists, on either organised tours or the hire car 'circuit' around Tasmania. Some features continue to fascinate tourists, either the mountains, the slag heap or the gravel football ground. There are significant opportunities to catch glimpses of the town's past at the local museum, and simply by driving up Orr Street, the old main street now with closed pubs and the dominant Post Office tower.
The mining operation at the original Mount Lyell mine continues, with Copper Mines of Tasmania operating between 1995 and 1999 independently, after which it became part of an Indian company group - and its concentrates are shipped to India for processing.
Exploration continues within the West Coast region for further economic mineral deposits, and due to the complexity of the geology, there is always the possibility that new mines will open: the Henty Gold Mine is a good example as it commenced operation in the 1990s.
Queenstown is the terminus of the West Coast Wilderness Railway, which travels southwards alongside the Queen River, and then along the northern slopes of the King River to the port of Strahan in Macquarie Harbour.
Queenstown Heritage and Arts Festival
The Queenstown Heritage and Arts Festival was the first name of a biennial festival that celebrates Queenstown's history.
One significant historical event it has celebrated was the centenary of the 1912 North Mount Lyell Disaster in the second festival in October 2012. In the third festival in October 2014, the Hydro Tasmania centenary was a major component.
Queenstown has a very wet oceanic climate, and is one of the wettest locations in Tasmania with an annual average rainfall of 2408.2 mm (94.8 in), spread throughout the year. Summers are mild although temperatures can occasionally rise above 30 °C while winters are cool and almost always cloudy; however, during rare clear spells overnight temperatures can drop well below freezing. Brief, light snowfall usually occurs several times each winter, with occasional heavier snow falling every few years. Queenstown is very cloudy, getting only 29.0 days of clear skies annually.
|Climate data for Queenstown|
|Record high °C (°F)||37.3
|Average high °C (°F)||21.0
|Average low °C (°F)||8.3
|Record low °C (°F)||0.0
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||149.9
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.2mm)||17.2||12.9||17.3||20.6||21.2||19.9||23.7||24.6||23.1||21.7||19.7||18.6||240.5|
|Average afternoon relative humidity (%)||60||60||65||72||76||77||77||73||71||64||63||63||68|
|Source: Bureau of Meteorology|
At the 2011 census, Queenstown had a population of 1,975 people (1,038 males and 937 females). The median age was 39. Children aged 0–14 years made up 21.1% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 15.8% of the population. There were 510 families of which 42.4% were couples without children, 38.9% were couples with children, 18.1% were one-parent families and the average number of children per family was 1.8.
According to the 2011 census, the most common responses for religion in Queenstown were Catholic (28.1%), Anglican (26.7%), no religion (22.6%), Uniting Church (4.7%) and Presbyterian and Reformed (1.8%). Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 6.8% of the population.
The median weekly personal income for people aged 15 years and over in Queenstown was $413 while the median weekly incomes for families and households were $1,143 and $821 respectively.
This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (April 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Queenstown (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
- "The Gazette". The Mercury (Hobart). LXV, (7811). Tasmania, Australia. 12 March 1895. p. 4. Retrieved 21 February 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
- "A Trip from Strahan to Mount Lyell". The Mercury. LXVII, (8212). Tasmania, Australia. 24 June 1896. p. 4. Retrieved 21 February 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Queenstown". The Daily Telegraph (Launceston). XVI, (279). Tasmania, Australia. 24 November 1896. p. 3. Retrieved 21 February 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
- Anderson, Ian (13 November 1993), "Environmental cleanup? No thanks. (citizens thwart efforts of mining company to revegetate area) (This Week)", New Scientist, Reed Business Information Ltd, v140 (n1899): 6(1), ISSN 0262-4079
- "Mine disaster remembered". abc.net.au. 12 October 2012. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
- Queenstown Heritage & Arts Festival (Tas.); Hicks, Peter, (performer.); Da Vida, Alma, (performer.); Simon de Little Digital Video Production (production company) (2013), Queenstown Heritage & Arts Festival 2012, 12-14 October : centenary of the North Lyell Mine Disaster, [Queenstown, Tasmania] Queenstown Heritage & Arts Festival, retrieved 14 October 2016CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- Queenstown Heritage & Arts Festival (Tas.) (issuing body.) (2014), Queenstown Heritage & Arts Festival : no ordinary place. no ordinary festival, [Queenstown, Tasmania] Queenstown Heritage & Arts Festival, retrieved 14 October 2016
- "Climate statistics for Australian locations". www.bom.gov.au. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
- "QUEENSTOWN (7XS)". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. March 2013. Retrieved 30 March 2013.
- Blainey, Geoffrey (2000). The Peaks of Lyell (6th ed.). Hobart: St. David's Park Publishing. ISBN 0-7246-2265-9.
- Davies P, Mitchell N and Barmuta L 1996 The impact of historical mining operations at Mount Lyell on the water quality and biological health of the King and Queen River catchments, western Tasmania. Mount Lyell Remediation Research and Demonstration Program. Supervising Scientist Report 118, Supervising Scientist, Canberra. ISBN 0-642-24317-4
- Gardiner, B. & L.A. In shadow of Lyell Devonport, Tas.: B. & L.A. Gardiner, 1983. ISBN 0-9592424-2-2 :
- Whitham, Charles. Western Tasmania - A land of riches and beauty (Reprint 2003 ed.). Queenstown: Municipality of Queenstown.
- Images of Mount Lyell smelters, from State Library of Tasmania * images collection
- http://www.heritageaustralia.com.au/search.php?state=TAS®ion=119&view=107#a - useful details of the hotels of the main street.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20060821115426/http://www.parks.tas.gov.au/wha/wherein/detail.html - context of position with World Heritage Area
- Queenstown travel guide from Wikivoyage
- http://www.queenstowntasmania.com/ Locally Produced Information web site
- http://www.abc.net.au/tv/collectors/txt/s1978058.htm - Janine Manssons ABC Collectors Review
- Images of Queenstown, Tasmania