Queenwood College

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Queenwood College was a British Public School, that is an independent fee-paying school, situated near Stockbridge, Hampshire, England. The school was in operation from 1847 to 1896.

History of the site[edit]

In 1335 Edward III gave the Manor of East Tytherley to his wife, Queen Philippa, who moved her London court there to escape the black plague. She and her court remained there until her death in 1369. In the 15th century the manor was known as Queens Court. In 1654 Francis Rolle purchased the manor and it remained in the Rolle family until 1801. Queenwood Farm, famous for its yew trees,[1] with some adjoining land was leased to Robert Owen in 1839 by Sir Isaac Goldsmid for 99 years at a low rent.[2][3] Owen erected a large H-shaped, three-storey, brick-and-flint building on the lease holding and named it "Harmony Hall". Owen attempted to create a pioneering socialist project in community living.[4][5][6] There was an elementary school, started in early 1843,[7] which in May 1844 had 94 pupils.[8] By 1845 the communitarian pioneers were bankrupt. On the Little Bentley Farm adjoining the site of Harmony Hall, William Galpin set up a small community of vegetarian socialists, who were mostly ex-colonists of the Harmony Hall Community. By 1846 Galpin's project was also bankrupt.[9]

History of the college[edit]

George Edmondson, sponsored by the Society of Friends, leased Queenswood Farm in 1847 and opened a Quaker school named "Queenwood College". This was an experimental school dedicated to science teaching. In the first quarter-century of its operation the college had several notable scientists on its staff. Hirst, Debus, and Galloway served on the college staff.[10] John Tyndall and Edward Frankland were science-masters there for about a year in 1847–48 before leaving together to study in Germany. The college taught students until 1896 and then closed. The buildings of the college burnt down in 1902, and all of the buildings connected with the college were demolished in 1904. Since then, Queenwood Farm has been used for agriculture.[9] Upon Edmondson's death in 1863, Charles Willmore ran the school and stayed on, with his family, at Queenwood when the college closed; he died in the 1902 fire.[11]

Notable alumni[edit]


  1. ^ Loudon, John Claudius (1838). Arboretum et fruticetum Britannicum; or, the trees and shrubs of Britain, in eight volumes. IV. London: Longman, Orme, Brown, Green, and Longmans. p. 2075. (Some references have "Queenswood" of "Queen's Wood" instead of "Queenwood".)
  2. ^ Queenwood College, (Harmony Hall), Hampshire Garden Trust Research
  3. ^ "A Journey to Harmony Hall, in Hampshire". The Morning Chronicle. 13 December 1842. "The quantity of land is 1,000 acres, held on a lease of ninety-nine years at a rent of 15 shillings an acre. ... There is some fine wood on the ground, and an avenue of fine old yews, which for beauty and extent is perhaps not to be equalled in any other part of England."
  4. ^ Royle, Edward (1998). Robert Owen and the Commencement of the Millennium: The Harmony Community at Queenwood Farm, Hampshire, 1839-1845. Manchester: Manchester University Press. ISBN 9780719054266.
  5. ^ Harrison, J. F. C. (2009). Robert Owen and the Owenites in Britain and America. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9780415564311.
  6. ^ Claeys, Gregory (1989). Citizens and Saints: Politics and Anti-politics in Early British Socialism. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521364904.
  7. ^ Royle, Edward (1998). Appendix I: Chronology, 1834–1863 in Robert Owen and the Commencement of the Millennium: The Harmony Community at Queenwood Farm, Hampshire, 1839-1845. Manchester: Manchester University Press. pp. 234–237. ISBN 9780719054266.
  8. ^ Thompson, D. (1955). "Queenwood College, Hampshire". Annals of Science. 11 (3): 246–254. doi:10.1080/00033795500200245.
  9. ^ a b Hampshire Yews — History of the Queenwood Site, ancient-yew.org
  10. ^ a b "Queenwoood College, Hants". The Lancet. 97 (2476): 206. 11 February 1871. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(02)77921-x.
  11. ^ Association, Ackworth Old Scholars' (1898). Proceedings, Parts 17-22, of the Ackworth Old Scholars' Association, 1898–1903. pp. 112–113.
  12. ^ "Eliot, Sir Whately". Who's Who. 1919. p. 762.
  13. ^ Eliot, Whately Sir 1841–1927 WorldCat Identities
  14. ^ Munk's Roll Details for William George Vawdrey Lush, Royal College of Physicians

External links[edit]