Quellón

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Quellón
City and Commune
View of Quellón
View of Quellón
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of the Quellón commune in Los Lagos Region
Location of the Quellón commune in Los Lagos Region
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
Quellón
Location in Chile
Coordinates (city): 43°5′57″S 73°35′46″W / 43.09917°S 73.59611°W / -43.09917; -73.59611Coordinates: 43°5′57″S 73°35′46″W / 43.09917°S 73.59611°W / -43.09917; -73.59611
Country Chile
Region Los Lagos
Province Chiloé
Founded 1905
Founded as Llauquil
Government[1][2]
 • Type Municipality
 • Alcalde Cristián Ojeda Chiguay (DC)
Area[3]
 • Total 3,244.0 km2 (1,252.5 sq mi)
Elevation 5 m (16 ft)
Population (2002 Census)[3]
 • Total 23,992
 • Density 7.4/km2 (19/sq mi)
 • Urban 13,656
 • Rural 8,167
Demonym Quellonino
Sex[3]
 • Men 11,595
 • Women 10,228
Time zone CLT (UTC−4)
 • Summer (DST) CLST (UTC−3)
Area code(s) 56 + 65
Website Official website (Spanish)

Quellón is a Chilean port city and commune in southern Chiloé Island, Los Lagos Region. It is considered an end-station of the Panamerican Highway and the Pacific Coastal Highway. The majority of men work on small boats called "lanchas" for days at a time fishing. Also many men and women work in local seafood processing plants.

Climate[edit]

Quellón has an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb) with some drying trend in summer.[4] Winters are cool and wet but mild with a July average of 7.7 °C (45.9 °F). During this time of the year, precipitation is very high, averaging around 208 to 261 millimetres (8 to 10 in) from June to August and humidity is high, averaging around 85–87%.[5] Few days are dry in winter, since there are 22–24 days with measurable precipitation from June to August.[5] Nonetheless, snowfall is rare and most years will record no snowfall.[5] Summers are mild with a January average of 15.1 °C (59.2 °F) and during this time, precipitation is lower, averaging 103.3 millimetres (4 in) in February, the driest month. Temperatures can occasionally exceed 20 °C (68 °F) anytime from September to June.[5] One characteristic of the climate is that Quellón, like the rest of the central and southern parts of Chiloé island is exposed to strong westerly winds throughout the year.[6] The average annual precipitation is 1,960.6 millimetres (77 in), with significant amounts in all months; the 4 months with the most precipitation make up 50% of the total annual precipitation.[6] On average, there are 239 days with measureable precipitation.[5] The record high was 32.5 °C (90.5 °F) in January 1978 and the record low was −4.4 °C (24.1 °F) in June 1971 and August 1975.[5]

Climate data for Quellón
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.5
(90.5)
26.4
(79.5)
24.6
(76.3)
27.6
(81.7)
19.8
(67.6)
19.0
(66.2)
22.5
(72.5)
19.7
(67.5)
23.2
(73.8)
22.5
(72.5)
25.6
(78.1)
25.8
(78.4)
32.5
(90.5)
Average high °C (°F) 17.8
(64)
17.6
(63.7)
16.2
(61.2)
14.0
(57.2)
12.0
(53.6)
10.1
(50.2)
9.7
(49.5)
10.4
(50.7)
11.8
(53.2)
13.5
(56.3)
15.2
(59.4)
16.8
(62.2)
13.7
(56.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 15.1
(59.2)
14.9
(58.8)
13.6
(56.5)
11.6
(52.9)
9.9
(49.8)
8.1
(46.6)
7.7
(45.9)
8.3
(46.9)
9.4
(48.9)
11.0
(51.8)
12.6
(54.7)
14.2
(57.6)
11.3
(52.3)
Average low °C (°F) 11.5
(52.7)
11.1
(52)
10.0
(50)
8.5
(47.3)
7.5
(45.5)
5.9
(42.6)
5.4
(41.7)
5.5
(41.9)
6.2
(43.2)
7.3
(45.1)
8.9
(48)
10.6
(51.1)
8.2
(46.8)
Record low °C (°F) 0.6
(33.1)
0.9
(33.6)
0.7
(33.3)
0.3
(32.5)
0.0
(32)
−4.4
(24.1)
−1.9
(28.6)
−4.4
(24.1)
−1.0
(30.2)
0.0
(32)
0.1
(32.2)
0.7
(33.3)
−4.4
(24.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 110.9
(4.366)
103.3
(4.067)
106.7
(4.201)
158.6
(6.244)
245.0
(9.646)
264.1
(10.398)
237.6
(9.354)
208.1
(8.193)
174.6
(6.874)
129.1
(5.083)
116.2
(4.575)
106.4
(4.189)
1,960.6
(77.19)
Avg. precipitation days 17 14 17 20 24 23 22 24 21 20 19 18 239
Avg. relative humidity (%) 77 78 81 84 88 88 87 85 82 80 77 77 82
Source: Dirección Meteorológica de Chile[5]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Quellón spans an area of 3,244 km2 (1,253 sq mi) and has 21,823 inhabitants (11,595 men and 10,228 women). Of these, 13,656 (62.6%) lived in urban areas and 8,167 (37.4%) in rural areas. The population grew by 45% (6,768 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses.[3]

Administration[edit]

As a commune, Quellón is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2008-2012 alcalde is Iván Haro Uribe (RN).[1][2]

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Quellón is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Gabriel Ascencio (PDC) and Alejandro Santana (RN) as part of the 58th electoral district, (together with Castro, Ancud, Quemchi, Dalcahue, Curaco de Vélez, Quinchao, Puqueldón, Chonchi, Queilén, Chaitén, Hualaihué, Futaleufú and Palena). The commune is represented in the Senate by Camilo Escalona Medina (PS) and Carlos Kuschel Silva (RN) as part of the 17th senatorial constituency (Los Lagos Region).

Transport[edit]

The end-station of the Panamerican Highway

A placard in Quellón marks a southern terminus of the Pan-American Highway, a network of roads spanning 47,958 km (29,800 mi) and 19 countries in the Americas. Its northern limit is in Anchorage, Alaska. Tierra del Fuego National Park in Argentina is also considered as an endpoint for the Panamerican Highway. The point also marks the southern endpoint of the Pacific Coastal Highway, which stretches 15,202 km (9,446 mi) from Lund, British Columbia. The southernmost reaches of continental Chile are not accessible by road except through neighboring Argentina due to the craggy Andes, fjords and the Southern Patagonian Ice Field.

Sights[edit]

There are two museums in Quellón: The museum Museo Inchin Cuivi Anti (the name means "Our ancestors") explains the culture and the history of the Huilliche, and the Municipal Museum (Museo Municipal) refers sto the history of the town.[7] The Cultural Center of Quellón was built with financial help of the salmon processing industry.

The market Feria Artesanal Llauquil and the marine drive Costanera P. Montt offering a scenic view of the beautiful surroundings are worth a visit as well.

Close to Quellón there are several interesting villages, e.g. Punta de Lapa (5 km) with a beautiful 5 km long beach, or Compu (about 25 km to the north) with a wooden church which was built at the beginning of the 20th century. Quellón Viejo (4 km to the southwest), a village with an interesting cemetery and a typical wooden church dating from the beginning of the 20th century is older than Quellón.[8] Yaldad (11 km to the west) is a Huilliche village with about 500 inhabitants (2002) and a wooden church (Iglesia Jesús de Nazareno) representing the typical style of Chiloé which was built at the beginning of the 20th century and renovated in 1990.[9] Trincao (10 km to the southwest) has a sightworthy cemetery and an interesting church dating from 1920.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades" (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 January 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Municipality of Quellón" (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 January 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d "National Statistics Institute" (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 January 2010. 
  4. ^ Peel, M. C. and Finlayson, B. L. and McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification" (PDF). Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633–1644. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. ISSN 1027-5606. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "Estadistica Climatologica Tomo III (pg 67-90)" (PDF) (in Spanish). Dirección General de Aeronáutica Civil. March 2001. Retrieved January 15, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "Región de Los Rios y de Los Lagos" (in Spanish). Dirección Meteorológica de Chile. Retrieved June 16, 2015. 
  7. ^ Jorge Sànchez R.: Chiloé - tradición y cultura, p. 45. Santiago de Chile 2006
  8. ^ Juan Mancilla Pérez: Pueblos de Chiloé, p. 67. Castro 2008
  9. ^ Juan Mancilla Pérez: Pueblos de Chiloé, p. 68. Castro 2008
  10. ^ Juan Mancilla Pérez: Pueblos de Chiloé, p. 69. Castro 2008

External links[edit]

www.chiloeextreme.cl