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Quenelle de brochet sauce Nantua

A quenelle (French pronunciation: ​[kə.nɛl]) is a mixture of creamed fish or meat, sometimes combined with breadcrumbs, with a light egg binding, formed into an egg-like shape, and then cooked.[1] The usual preparation is by poaching. Formerly, quenelles were often used as a garnish in haute cuisine. Today, they are more commonly served sauced as a dish in their own right. Similar items are found in many cuisines.

By extension, a quenelle may also be another food made into a similar shape, such as ice cream, sorbet, or mashed potato quenelles.[2]


19th-century illustration showing how quenelle dumplings were made

The word quenelle is attested from 1750. The commonly accepted etymology is that it derives from the German Knödel (noodle or dumpling).[3]

Quenelles de brochet[edit]

Lyon and Nantua are famous for their quenelles de brochet (pike quenelles), often served with sauce Nantua (crayfish sauce) or sauce mousseline (cream sauce) and run under a grill. The classic dish of quenelles de brochet Nantua or simply quenelles Nantua consists of pike quenelles with sauce Nantua, both pike and crayfish being specialties of the Nantua area.[4] Pike quenelles were invented by a chef named Bontemps to deal with the pike's "multitude of long, fine, forked bones".[5][6]

Quenelles de brochet are prepared many ways, but most recipes first prepare a panade, essentially a thick white sauce, then combine the panade with fish, and put the mixture through a sieve such as a tamis, yielding a forcemeat. The quenelles are shaped from the forcemeat and then poached. They may be served sauced and grilled, or with a variety of sauces.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Larousse Gastronomique, 1961
  2. ^ Gough, Dabney. "How to Shape an Ice Cream Quenelle". FineCooking. Retrieved 15 March 2018..
  3. ^ Dictionnaire général pour la maîtrise de la langue française, la culture classique et contemporaine. Larousse. 1993. p. 1297. ISBN 2-03-320300-X.; Petit Robert, 1972; Oxford English Dictionary, Draft Revision, Dec. 2007; the old Larousse Gastronomique, however, reports that some writers trace it to an Old English word knyll, while Dietrich Behrens in Über deutsches Sprachgut im Französischen, Giessener Beiträge zur romanischen Philologie Vol. 1 (1923), proffers dialectical German Knollen or Knöllen, meaning "ball", as a possible origin.
  4. ^ Anne Willan, The Country Cooking of France, p. 80
  5. ^ Marthe Daudet, Shirley King, translator and adaptor, Pampille's Table: Recipes and Writings from the French Countryside from Marthe Daudet's Les Bons Plats de France [1934], p. 153
  6. ^ Waverley Root, Food, 1996, p. 353
  7. ^ Ann Pringle Harries, "Fare of the Country: Delicate Pike Quenelles, a Lyons Tradition", New York Times, 4 August 1991 [1]