Knights Hospitallers' Gateway, circa 12th century, Quenington village centre
|Quenington shown within Gloucestershire|
|Population||603 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
Quenington is a nucleated village and larger rural civil parish in the Cotswold district of Gloucestershire, England, on the River Coln 8 miles (13 km) east of Cirencester and 2 miles (3.2 km) north of Fairford. It has a recorded population of 603 people as at the 2011 census.
Important historic buildings include a medieval large dovecote above a gatehouse, and St Swithin's Church of England parish church, built mainly in the late 11th century and (despite partial Victorian restoration) listed in the highest category of listed building, Grade I. The village has a village hall, a pub and a village green. Its economy has been transformed to render agriculture a minor but physically evident employer across most of the area: this area of the Cotswolds has been almost wholly been turned over from forest to agriculture, landscape parks and private or semi-private gardens. The working population divides almost equally into short-distance commuters and working-from-home groups, together accounting for approximately 88% of the working-age population in 2001. A significant minority work in the district's leisure, food and hospitality sector. The Cotswold Water Park lies to the south and the Cotswold scarp is away to the north and west.
The place-name 'Quenington' is first attested in the Domesday Book of 1086, where it appears as Qvenintone. This is from the Old English 'Cwenenatun' meaning 'the women's town or settlement' (the word 'queen' has the same derivation).
It had previously been suggested that the name Quenington could have meant "settlement on the Coln", the river which flows through the village, though the name 'Coln' is of unknown origin. Quenington is mentioned in the Domesday Book in relation to two mills at either end of the village, a water mill and a fulling mill, both now private residences.
John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales of 1870 describes Quenington as:
- "QUENINGTON, a village and a parish in Cirencester district, Gloucester. The village stands on the Fosseway and the river Coln, 2 miles N. of Fairford, and 8 E. by N. of Cirencester"
The main economy of 1881 was based around agriculture, though the occupation of a large proportion of the population was unknown: they may have been involved in various miscellaneous workings or were simply unemployed at the time. There was a high proportion of females working in the domestic or office sector. As of 2011 the majority of people work in business, manufacturing and retail. Agriculture now employs 17 people of a population of 603, compared to 61 from a population of 380 in 1881. The change in occupation can be credited to advances in the internet and automotive travel. In 2001, the bulk of the working population of 203 split into 43% who worked from home and 46% who travelled 2 to 20 kilometres to work.
The population of Quenington in 1801 was 1,326 and steadily grew to 1,859 by 1851, but the next records in 1881 show a population drop of 1,479 to 380. This could be due to various conflicts that ensued in the three decades between the censuses, such as the Crimean War and First Boer War, or more likely a change to the parish borders. In 1911 the total population was 388 and then a decade later in 1921 there was a decrease in population to 322, which could clearly be attributed to World War I.
The B349 runs from the village transporting school children to Fairford and is not available to the general public. The service only operates during term time and is run by Denwell Minicoaches. The B865 runs from Lechlade to Cirencester stopping at Quenington and 17 other stops. It is operated by APL Travel and runs one journey on a Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
St Swithin's Church
The church is considered by the body statutorily appointed to safeguard old English and Welsh buildings from demolition to have been built around 1100, tying it in with records supporting its dedication to St Mary under the locally wealthy De Laci family. The Knights Templar took over the running of the church in 1193 from St Peter's Abbey, Gloucester, to whom the church had been granted (or by whom appropriated) 55 years earlier in 1138. The church currently has Grade I listed status. When first built the church was dedicated to the Virgin Mary. It was then rededicated to St Swithin following the 16th-century Reformation. Its most notable features are two richly-decorated Norman doorways: the tympanum above the north doorway features the Harrowing of Hell, and that above the south doorway the Coronation of the Virgin, said to be the oldest representation in Europe that is still in situ. The church was extensively restored in the 1880s by Frederick Waller.
In 1906 the Quenington Institute was donated to the village by Thomas Bazley, a local landowner, to be used as a village meeting place. In January 2013, the village hall moved to new premises: the Gate on the Green had been used as a chapel since 1926 until services ended in 2010. The name was officially changed to Quenington Village Hall and the facility opened on 11 May 2013.
In film, literature and the media
The village pub, The Keepers Arms, featured in the Four In A Bed reality series made by Channel 4 in the summer of 2014 and were crowned winners of the competition. The episode aired in early 2015. The pub also featured in Channel 5's Fifth Gear, where Dom Joly pointed a tank at it. It stood in as the List Newt pub in the fictional village of Crinkley Bottom in the 1990s TV series Noel's House Party.
- Kenton Cool (born 30 July 1973) English mountaineer, alpinist and IFMGA mountain guide. He is one of Britain's leading alpine climbers and he has successfully climbed Mount Everest eleven times, including leading Sir Ranulph Fiennes' 2008 and 2009 Expeditions. He has completed 21 successful expeditions in the Greater Ranges. In 2013, he and his climbing partner became the first people to traverse Nuptse, Everest and Lhotse in a single expedition without returning to base camp.
- The botanist Prof Charles Chesters FRSE (1904–1993) retired here in 1969 and died here.
- "<Quenington>(Parish): Key Figure for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
- Eilert Ekwall, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, p.377.
- Rudge, Thomas (1803). The History of the County of Gloucester. Harris. Retrieved 9 March 2015.
- Viner, David (1998). "Quenington Corn Mill and its Peripatetic Water Wheel" (PDF). Gloucestershire Society for Industrial Archaeology Journal: 23. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
- Wilson, John Marius (1870). Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales. Edinburgh: A. Fullerton & Co. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
- "A Vision of Britain through Time, Male and Female Occupation data, 1881". Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "Industry of Employment – All People, 2001 (KS11A)". Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "Distance Travelled to Work – Workplace Population, 2001 (UV80)". Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "Total Population, A Vision of Britain through Time.". Retrieved 29 March 2015.
- "Details of Denwell Minicoaches's bus service number 349 between Quenington and Fairford (Farmors School)". Retrieved 25 March 2015.
- "Details of APL Travel's bus service number 865 between Lechlade and Cirencester". Retrieved 25 March 2015.
- Historic England. "Church of St Swithin (Grade I) (1341036)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
- "Quenington, St. Swithin". Retrieved 26 March 2015.
- "St Swithun, Quenington". A Church Near You. The Church of England. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
- "Quenington Village Hall, History". Retrieved 29 March 2015.
- "Quenington pub crowned winner of popular TV show Four in a Bed". Retrieved 25 March 2015.
Media related to Quenington at Wikimedia Commons