Quercus oblongifolia

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Arizona blue oak
Arizona Blue Oak.jpg
Quercus oblongifolia acorns.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fagales
Family: Fagaceae
Genus: Quercus
Subgenus: Quercus subg. Quercus
Section: Quercus sect. Quercus
Species:
Q. oblongifolia
Binomial name
Quercus oblongifolia
Quercus oblongifolia range map 1.png
Natural range of Quercus oblongifolia

Quercus oblongifolia, commonly known as the Arizona blue oak, Blue live oak or Sonoran blue oak, is an evergreen small tree or large shrub in the white oak group.

Distribution[edit]

Quercus oblongifolia grows in high grasslands, canyons and mesas in Texas, Arizona and New Mexico and northwestern Mexico (Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Sinaloa and Sonora in Mexico.[2][3][4] Arizona blue oak is closely related to Engelman oak "Quercus engelmannii" in Southern California. The two species may be conspecific and could be combined as one species. [2]

Description[edit]

The Arizona blue oak is a small evergreen tree growing 5–8 meters (16–27 feet) tall with a rounded crown. At higher elevations it is typically a large shrub. The trunk is up to 50 cm (20 inches) in diameter and the bark is light gray and densely furrowed. The twigs are yellowish brown and hairless with reddish brown buds. The leaves are small, alternate and oblong, with entire margins, leathery, bluish-green above and mid green below. The flowers appear in spring at the same time as the old leaves are being shed and new leaf growth starts. The male flowers form yellowish-green catkins and the female flowers are solitary or paired and grow in the leaf axils. The light brown acorns are ovoid or oblong, about 2 cm (0.8 inch) long and lodged in scaly, bowl-shaped cups about one third the length of the nut.[2][5]

Habitat[edit]

The Arizona blue oak is common at elevations of 1200 to 1800 meters (4000–6000 feet). It is often found on thin sandy soils in semi-arid regions and is the dominant species in lower open oak woodland where it grows in association with Arizona white oak (Quercus arizonica) and Emory oak (Quercus emoryi).[6] It is an important constituent of pinyon-juniper communities.[7] where it grows in association with species of pine and juniper, Arizona rosewood (Vauquelinia californica), shrubby buckwheat (Eriogonum wrightii), catclaw mimosa (Mimosa aculeaticarpa), bullgrass (Muhlenbergia emersleyi), plains lovegrass (Eragrostis intermedia), fendlerbush (Fendlera rupicola) and wolftail (Lycurus phleoides).[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Quercus oblongifolia". iucnredlist.org. iucnredlist. 2015. Retrieved 5 November 2017. data
  2. ^ a b c Nixon, Kevin C. (1997). "Quercus oblongifolia". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.). Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). 3. New York and Oxford – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  3. ^ "Quercus oblongifolia". County-level distribution map from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014.
  4. ^ SEINet, Southwestern Biodiversity, Arizona chapter
  5. ^ Virginia Tech: Mexican blue oak Archived May 9, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ a b Pavek, Diane S. (1993). "Quercus oblongifolia". Fire Effects Information System (FEIS). US Department of Agriculture (USDA), Forest Service (USFS), Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory – via https://www.feis-crs.org/feis/.
  7. ^ Pieper, Rex D.; Wood, M. Karl; Buchanan, Bruce B. 1988. Pinyon-juniper woodlands of New Mexico: a biological and economic appraisal. Special Report 73. Las Cruces, NM: New Mexico State University, College of Agriculture and Home Economics: 1-11.[5258]

8. Oak hybridization at the University of utah. W.P. Cottam, State Arboretum of Utah, 1982.