Quercus pyrenaica

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Pyrenean oak
Melojar soto.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fagales
Family: Fagaceae
Genus: Quercus
Subgenus: Quercus subg. Quercus
Section: Quercus sect. Mesobalanus
Q. pyrenaica
Binomial name
Quercus pyrenaica
Quercus pyrenaica range.svg
Distribution map
Synonyms [1]

Quercus pyrenaica, commonly known as Pyrenean oak,[2] is a tree native to southwestern Europe and northwestern Africa. Despite its common name, it is rarely found in the Pyrenees Mountains and is more abundant in northern Portugal and north and northwestern Spain.

Trees grow slowly to 20 metres (66 ft), or rarely 25 m (82 ft) in optimal conditions. In poor soils, it is often found as a bush or small tree. Roots frequently produce suckers.

Leaves have short petioles and are deeply and irregularly lobed, with four to eight pairs of lobes per leaf. There are stellate hairs on both sides of the leaf. Leaves are marcescent, turning brown but remaining on the tree all winter until new leaves emerge in the spring.

The oak is cultivated as an ornamental tree for gardens and parks.


  1. ^ "Quercus pyrenaica Willd.". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew – via The Plant List.
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.

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