Quercus rugosa

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Quercus rugosa
Quercus rugosa.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fagales
Family: Fagaceae
Genus: Quercus
Species: Q. rugosa
Binomial name
Quercus rugosa
Née 1801 not (Masam.) J.C. Liao 1991
Quercus rugosa range map 1.png
Natural range of Quercus rugosa

Quercus rugosa, commonly known as the netleaf oak, is a broad-leaved tree in the beech and oak family Fagaceae. It is native to southern North America.


Quercus rugosa is Latin for "wrinkled oak". In Spanish it has many common names like "encino negro" (black oak) or "encino quiebra hacha" (axe-breaking oak).


Quercus rugosa is an evergreen shrub or tree.[2] Bark is brown and scaly. Leaves are thick and leathery, rarely flat, usually cupped, up to 15 cm (6 inches) long, dark green on the top but covered with a thick of reddish-brown hairs on the underside.[3][4] Young leaves are also very hairy and usually red or yellow.

Leaves and acorns


It is widespread in Mexico, Guatemala and the southwestern United States (Arizona, New Mexico, western Texas).[5][6][7][8][9] It grows extensively in the temperate highlands of central Mexico, particularly on hillsides and in narrow gorges. It is associated and usually coexists with other oaks, alders, pines and Texas madrones.

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