Quercus texana

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Quercus texana
Quercus texana kz04.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fagales
Family: Fagaceae
Genus: Quercus
Subgenus: Quercus subg. Quercus
Section: Quercus sect. Lobatae
Q. texana
Binomial name
Quercus texana
Quercus texana range map 2.png
Natural range of Quercus texana
  • Quercus nuttallii E.J.Palmer
  • Quercus nuttallii var. cachensis E.J.Palmer
  • Quercus palustris f. nuttallii (E.J.Palmer) C.H.Mull.
  • Quercus rubra var. texana (Buckley) Buckley
  • Quercus shumardii subsp. texana (Buckley) A.E.Murray
  • Quercus shumardii var. texana (Buckley) Ashe

Quercus texana, commonly known as Nuttall's oak,[3][4][5][6] is a fast-growing, large deciduous oak tree.

In cultivation

It is a tree growing up to 25 meters (83 feet) tall, with dark brown bark. It has leaves with sharp pointed lobes somewhat similar to those of the Georgia oak (Q. georgiana) and pin oak (Q. palustris).[7] It is fast-growing and usually has a pleasing red color in autumn, much more reliably so than the pin oak.

This species was for years erroneously called Quercus nuttallii, but it is now known as Q. texana; this has created much confusion with Texas red oak, which was known as Q. texana but is now known as Q. buckleyi.[8]

It is native to the south-central United States primarily in the lower Mississippi River Valley in Louisiana, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama, and western Tennessee. There are additional populations in eastern Texas, southeastern Oklahoma, southeastern Missouri, far western Kentucky, and the southernmost tip of Illinois.[9]

It is still relatively obscure in the horticultural industry but is slowly gaining popularity due to its fast growth rate, ease of transplanting, good fall colors and ability to grow in wet soils. It is known for its ability to rapidly recover its gas exchange after flooding.[10]


  1. ^ Wenzell, K.; Kenny, L.; Jerome, D. (2017). "Quercus texana". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T194239A111265845. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-2.RLTS.T194239A111265845.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  2. ^ "Quercus texana Buckley". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew – via The Plant List.
  3. ^ "Oaks list for The State Botanical Garden of Kentucky" (English). Retrieved 2010-05-09.
  4. ^ "J.C. Raulston slide 102-0276". Archived from the original (English) on 2011-06-08. Retrieved 2010-05-09.
  5. ^ "Missouri Department of Conservation Species Scientific Name Index". Archived from the original (English) on August 15, 2009. Retrieved 2010-05-09.
  6. ^ "University of Illinois Extension; Critical Issues Forum, What is the Current Status of Oaks in Illinois?" (English). Retrieved 2010-05-09.
  7. ^ Nixon, Kevin C. (1997). "Quercus texana". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.). Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). Vol. 3. New York and Oxford – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  8. ^ Laurence J. Dorr and Kevin C. Nixon. 1985. Typification of the Oak (Quercus) Taxa Described by S. B. Buckley (1809-1884). Taxon 34(2): 211-228.
  9. ^ "Quercus texana". County-level distribution map from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014.
  10. ^ Anderson, PH; Pezeshki, SR (1999). "The effects of intermittent flooding on seedlings of three forest species". Photosynthetica. 37 (4): 543–552. doi:10.1023/A:1007163206642. S2CID 2246144 – via Science Citation Index (SCI).

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