Quesnel, British Columbia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Quesnel
City of Quesnel
Aerial view of Quesnel in 2009
Aerial view of Quesnel in 2009
Flag of Quesnel
Official logo of Quesnel
Motto: 
"Quesnel: It's in our nature"[1]
Quesnel is located in British Columbia
Quesnel
Quesnel
Location of Quesnel in British Columbia
Coordinates: 52°58′47″N 122°29′37″W / 52.97972°N 122.49361°W / 52.97972; -122.49361Coordinates: 52°58′47″N 122°29′37″W / 52.97972°N 122.49361°W / 52.97972; -122.49361
CountryCanada
ProvinceBritish Columbia
RegionNorth Cariboo
Regional districtCariboo Regional District
Founded1861
Incorporated as Village1928
Incorporated as Town1958
Incorporated as City1981
Government
 • MayorRon Paull
 • Governing bodyQuesnel City Council
Area
 • City35.38 km2 (13.66 sq mi)
 • Metro
21,751.30 km2 (8,398.22 sq mi)
Elevation
474 m (1,555 ft)
Population
 (2016)
 • City9,889
 • Density279.2/km2 (723/sq mi)
 • Metro
23,113
 • Metro density1.1/km2 (3/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−08:00 (PST)
Forward sortation area
Area code(s)250, 778, 236, 672
Highways Hwy 97
Hwy 26
WaterwaysFraser River, Quesnel River
Websitewww.quesnel.ca Edit this at Wikidata

Quesnel /kwɪˈnɛl/(Kee-nel in French) is a city located in the Cariboo Regional District of British Columbia, Canada. Located nearly evenly between the cities of Prince George and Williams Lake, it is on the main route to northern British Columbia and the Yukon. Quesnel is located at the confluence of the Fraser River and Quesnel River. Quesnel's metropolitan area has a population of 23,146 making it the largest urban center between Prince George and Kamloops.[2]

Quesnel is a sister city to Shiraoi, Japan. Quesnel hosted the 2000 British Columbia Winter Games, a biennial provincial amateur sports competition. To the east of Quesnel is Wells, Barkerville, and Bowron Lake Provincial Park, a popular canoeing destination in the Cariboo Mountains.

History[edit]

Long before the arrival of prospectors during the Cariboo Gold Rush of 1862, the Southern Carrier (Dakelh) people lived off the land around Quesnel, occupying the area from the Bowron Lakes in the east to the upper Blackwater River and Dean River in the west. The Southern Carrier Nation were known among themselves as ‘Uda Ukelh’, meaning ‘people who travel by boat on water early in the morning’.[3] The name "Quesnel" is derived from Jules Maurice Quesnel, who accompanied Simon Fraser on his journey to the Pacific Ocean. Quesnel came to be called 'Quesnelle Mouth' to distinguish it from Quesnel Forks, 97 kilometres (60 mi) up river. In 1870, it had been shortened to Quesnelle and by 1900, it was spelled the way it is now. Quesnel is located along the gold mining trail known as the Cariboo Wagon Road and was the commercial centre of the Cariboo Gold Rush. It also marks one end of the Alexander MacKenzie Heritage Trail. Because of its location on the Fraser River, it was also an important landing for sternwheelers from 1862 to 1886 and then, from 1909 until 1921. The last sternwheeler on the upper Fraser was Quesnel's own namesake craft, and home town product, the Quesnel. Quesnel was incorporated in 1928.

Geography and climate[edit]

Climate[edit]

Considering it is located inland and around the 53rd parallel north, Quesnel's humid continental climate[4] (Dfb) is mild by Canadian standards, being subject to marine airflows from the Pacific. Overnight lows are still cool even in summer, but daytime temperatures average above 24 °C (75 °F) in that season according to Environment and Climate Change Canada.

The highest temperature ever recorded in Quesnel was 40.6 °C (105 °F) on 17 July 1941.[5] The coldest temperature ever recorded was −46.7 °C (−52 °F) on 31 December 1927 and 17 January 1950.[6][7]

Climate data for Quesnel Airport, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1892–present[a]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.1
(61.0)
18.9
(66.0)
22.3
(72.1)
31.1
(88.0)
36.5
(97.7)
36.7
(98.1)
40.6
(105.1)
38.3
(100.9)
36.1
(97.0)
28.3
(82.9)
24.4
(75.9)
18.3
(64.9)
40.6
(105.1)
Average high °C (°F) −2.9
(26.8)
1.3
(34.3)
7.3
(45.1)
13.5
(56.3)
18.4
(65.1)
21.7
(71.1)
24.1
(75.4)
24.1
(75.4)
18.5
(65.3)
10.8
(51.4)
2.1
(35.8)
−2.3
(27.9)
11.4
(52.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.9
(19.6)
−3.6
(25.5)
1.3
(34.3)
6.4
(43.5)
11.1
(52.0)
14.7
(58.5)
16.8
(62.2)
16.4
(61.5)
11.5
(52.7)
5.5
(41.9)
−1.4
(29.5)
−5.9
(21.4)
5.5
(41.9)
Average low °C (°F) −10.8
(12.6)
−8.3
(17.1)
−4.7
(23.5)
−0.8
(30.6)
3.7
(38.7)
7.6
(45.7)
9.5
(49.1)
8.6
(47.5)
4.5
(40.1)
0.2
(32.4)
−5
(23)
−9.6
(14.7)
−0.4
(31.3)
Record low °C (°F) −46.7
(−52.1)
−45.6
(−50.1)
−38.9
(−38.0)
−21.7
(−7.1)
−11.1
(12.0)
−7.8
(18.0)
−1.1
(30.0)
−2.6
(27.3)
−11.1
(12.0)
−28.4
(−19.1)
−37.8
(−36.0)
−46.7
(−52.1)
−46.7
(−52.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 47.8
(1.88)
22.7
(0.89)
24.9
(0.98)
24.5
(0.96)
42.6
(1.68)
66.4
(2.61)
65.6
(2.58)
46.2
(1.82)
50.2
(1.98)
52.6
(2.07)
51.3
(2.02)
41.6
(1.64)
536.2
(21.11)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 10.4
(0.41)
6.7
(0.26)
12.7
(0.50)
21.2
(0.83)
41.4
(1.63)
66.4
(2.61)
65.6
(2.58)
46.2
(1.82)
50.2
(1.98)
46.3
(1.82)
22.3
(0.88)
4.9
(0.19)
394.3
(15.52)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 44.0
(17.3)
19.0
(7.5)
13.4
(5.3)
3.6
(1.4)
1.2
(0.5)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
6.7
(2.6)
31.5
(12.4)
42.8
(16.9)
162.1
(63.8)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 12.8 9.7 9.7 9.8 12.1 15.8 14.2 12.0 12.4 14.8 14.0 13.4 150.7
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 3.1 3.4 5.9 8.8 11.9 15.8 14.2 12.0 12.4 13.7 7.2 2.4 110.8
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 11.3 7.1 5.4 2.2 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.4 8.8 11.8 49.7
Average relative humidity (%) (at 15:00 LST) 74.3 62.0 46.9 37.9 40.0 44.8 44.4 42.9 49.4 59.0 72.6 75.7 54.2
Source: Environment and Climate Change Canada[7][8]

Demographics[edit]

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Quesnel had a population of 9,889 living in 4,508 of its 4,766 total private dwellings, a change of 0.1% from its 2016 population of 9,879. With a land area of 35.35 km2 (13.65 sq mi), it had a population density of 279.7/km2 (724.5/sq mi) in 2021.[9] According to the same census, Quesnel had a census agglomeration population of 23,113, which represented a decrease from 23,146 in the 2016 census.[10]

The median household income in 2015 for Quesnel was $60,651, which is slightly below the British Columbia provincial average of $69,995.[11]

As of 2018, the population of Quesnel is estimated to be a little over 10,000 people living within the city, with roughly 13,000 people living outside the city limits but within the metro area.[12]

Ethnicity[edit]

Canada 2016 Census Population % of Total Population
Visible minority group
Source:[13]
South Asian 510 5.3%
Chinese 100 1%
Black 20 0.2%
Filipino 90 0.9%
Latin American 20 0.2%
Arab 0 0%
Southeast Asian 0 0%
West Asian 10 0.1%
Korean 10 0.1%
Japanese 60 0.6%
Other visible minority 10 0.1%
Mixed visible minority 10 0.1%
Total visible minority population 830 8.6%
Aboriginal group
Source:[14]
First Nations 755 7.8%
Métis 770 8%
Inuit 45 0.5%
Total Aboriginal population 1,610 16.6%
White 7,245 74.8%
Total population 9,685 100%

Religion[edit]

According to the 2021 census, religious groups in Quesnel included:[15]

Economy[edit]

Quesnel is a city known for its forestry, particularly the production of pulp and lumber. Forestry is the single biggest employer in Quesnel.[16] Quesnel is home to a massive paper mill that was built in 1981. The mill is currently run by West Fraser Timber.

Administration[edit]

Quesnel's city government consists of a seven-member council, that is one mayor and six Councillors. The current city council, elected in 2022 for a four-year term, is composed of Mayor Ron Paul and Councillors Scott Elliott, Tony Goulet, Debora McKelvie, Laurey-Anne Roodenburg, Martin Runge, and Mitch Vik.[17][18]

Education[edit]

Quesnel is part of School District 28, which contains several elementary schools, as well as a Junior and a Senior Secondary School (Quesnel Junior High School and Correlieu Senior Secondary School respectively). Also, within the school district is McNaughton Centre which is an Alternate High school. For post secondary education, Quesnel has the College of New Caledonia and University of Northern British Columbia shared campus, which offers several programs, including four year nursing and social work degrees, foundation or apprenticeship-level trades certification, health sciences, human services, academic upgrading, or industry and continuing education courses. The Quesnel CNC Campus also offers students the chance to start arts or sciences degrees and then, transfer to university.

Transportation[edit]

Quesnel is served by the Quesnel Airport, with several commercial flights daily to and from Vancouver, BC. The city has a local transit system provided by BC Transit.

Healthcare[edit]

Quesnel is served by GR Baker Memorial Hospital.[19]

Tourism[edit]

Pacific Great Eastern Railway Station

Quesnel's tourism industry is largely based on the city's access to nature, with hunting and guiding outfitters, fishing, hiking, canoeing.[3] The Rocky Mountaineer, a rail-tour train also travels through and stops overnight in Quesnel at the Pacific Great Eastern Railway Station.

Quesnel's history as a gold-rush town is also reflected, as there are over 30 heritage sites around the city.[20] Quesnel is home to the world's largest gold pan,[21] measured at 5.5 m in diameter and weighing 1400 kg, although this is disputed by Nome, Alaska. The gold pan currently resides in its new controversial location beside the heritage train station.[22] Quesnel is also the closest city to Barkerville, one of the largest historical towns in western North America.[23]

Troll Ski Resort, or simply Troll, is located 44 kilometers (27 miles) east of the city.[24] Quesnel is also home to Hallis Lake Cross Country Skiing Facility, a 75 kilometer network of trails maintained by the Cariboo Ski Touring Club for cross-country skiing and snowshoeing.[25] In addition, Ten Mile Lake Provincial Park, Pinnacles Provincial Park, and Dragon Mountain Provincial Park are also located just outside the city.

Quesnel Museum is home to numerous artifacts, including Mandy, a "haunted doll" made in the early 20th century that is claimed to have paranormal abilities and eyes that follow visitors around.[26] Mandy appeared on the Montel Williams Show.[27]

Culture[edit]

There are twenty-three decorated fire hydrants in the streets of Quesnel. This work was sponsored by the local businesses in the vicinity of the hydrants.[28]

Sports[edit]

Quesnel is home to the Central Interior Hockey League's Quesnel Kangaroos Senior AA hockey team. The team plays at the West Fraser Centre in Quesnel. The city was formerly home to the Quesnel Millionaires, a BCHL team, before they relocated to Chilliwack as the Chilliwack Chiefs in 2011.

Quesnel also has soccer, airsoft and paintball, minor baseball, softball, lacrosse, ringette, roller derby, and football leagues. A Mountain biking skills park is located behind the Rec Center and West Quesnel has a skateboard park known as the Quesnel Skatepark.

Notable people[edit]

Neighbourhoods and nearby communities[edit]

Nearby communities, not part of the City of Quesnel, include:

Images[edit]

Sister City[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Climate data was recorded at Quesnel from November 1892 to April 1970 and at Quesnel Airport from February 1946 to present.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Short commutes, affordable housing: Quesnel rebrands itself to attract disenchanted Lower Mainland residents". CBC News British Columbia. 17 January 2017. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. 8 February 2017. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Explore Quesnel – It's in our nature". www.tourismquesnel.com. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  4. ^ "Quesnel, British Columbia Climate Summary". Weatherbase. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
  5. ^ "Daily Data Report for July 1941". Canadian Climate Data. Environment and Climate Change Canada. 31 October 2011. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  6. ^ "Daily Data Report for December 1927". Canadian Climate Data. Environment and Climate Change Canada. 31 October 2011. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  7. ^ a b "Quesnel A". 1981–2010 Canadian Climate Normals. Environment and Climate Change Canada. 25 September 2013. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  8. ^ "Quesnel". Canadian Climate Data. Environment and Climate Change Canada. 31 October 2011. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  9. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), British Columbia". Statistics Canada. 9 February 2022. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  10. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations". Statistics Canada. 9 February 2022. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  11. ^ "Census Profile, 2016: Quesnel". Statistics Canada. 8 February 2017. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  12. ^ "BC Stats Has Released Population Numbers For The Cariboo". My Cariboo Now. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  13. ^ "Community Profiles from the 2011 Census, Statistics Canada – Census Subdivision". 2.statcan.gc.ca. 6 December 2010. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  14. ^ "Aboriginal Peoples – Data table". 2.statcan.ca. 6 October 2010. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  15. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (26 October 2022). "Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 11 November 2022.
  16. ^ Sointio, Jon; Rankin, Anna; van Aert, Mike (2006). "Biofilm Activated Sludge process at Quesnel River Pulp installation" (PDF). Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine.
  17. ^ "Quesnel City Council". City of Quesnel. 8 February 2017. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  18. ^ "B.C. municipal election 2022: Quesnel results - BC". Global News. 16 October 2022. Retrieved 28 November 2022.
  19. ^ "GR Baker Memorial Hospital | Northern Health".
  20. ^ "Quesnel". www.hellobc.com/quesnel.aspx. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  21. ^ "BC's Biggest Attractions Are Often in the Smallest Places". BC Lodging & Campgrounds Association. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  22. ^ "Quesnel gold pan moved to new downtown location sometime overnight". caribooobserver.com.
  23. ^ "Visit Us – Barkerville Historic Town & Park".
  24. ^ "Things to do and see". britishcolumbia.com.
  25. ^ "Hallis Lake". quesnel.ca.
  26. ^ "Mandy The Haunted Doll". quesnelmuseum.ca.
  27. ^ "Mandy The Haunted Doll". Huffpost.com.
  28. ^ "Painted Fire Hydrant Walking Tour". City of Quesnel. 8 March 2017. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  29. ^ "Arts and Recreation: Shiraoi House". City of Quesnel. March 2017. Retrieved 25 April 2019.

External links[edit]