Quezon

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Not to be confused with Quezon City, a highly-urbanized city in Metro Manila.
For other places with the same name, see Quezon (disambiguation).
Quezon
Tayabas
Province
Quezon Provincial Capitol Building
Quezon Provincial Capitol Building
Flag of Quezon
Flag
Official seal of Quezon
Seal
Nickname(s): The Palm State
Location in the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°10′N 121°50′E / 14.17°N 121.83°E / 14.17; 121.83Coordinates: 14°10′N 121°50′E / 14.17°N 121.83°E / 14.17; 121.83
Country Philippines
Region Calabarzon (Region IV-A)
Founded 1591 (as Kalilayan)
March 2, 1901 (as Tayabas)
Capital Lucena
Government
 • Type Province of the Philippines
 • Governor David C.Suarez (NUP)
 • Vice Governor Samuel B. Nantes (LP)
Area[1]
 • Total 9,069.60 km2 (3,501.79 sq mi)
Area rank 6th out of 80
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,740,638
 • Rank 13th out of 80
 • Density 190/km2 (500/sq mi)
 • Density rank 44th out of 80
  Excludes Lucena City
Divisions
 • Independent cities 1
 • Component cities 1
 • Municipalities 39
 • Barangays 1,209
including independent cities: 1,242
 • Districts 1st to 4th districts of Quezon (shared with Lucena City)
Demographics
 • Ethnic groups Tagalog (81%), Bicolano (11%), Bisaya (6%), Others (2%)
 • Languages Tagalog (Tayabasin dialect), Bicol, English
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4300 to 4342
Dialing code 42
ISO 3166 code PH-QUE
Website www.quezon.gov.ph

Quezon (Tagalog pronunciation: [ˈkɛson]) is a province of the Philippines in the CALABARZON region of Luzon island. The province was named after Manuel L. Quezon, the second President of the Philippines, and its capital is Lucena City.

Quezon is southeast of Metro Manila and is bordered by the provinces of Aurora to the north, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna and Batangas to the west and the provinces of Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur to the east. Part of Quezon lies on an isthmus connecting the Bicol Peninsula to the main part of Luzon. The province also includes the Polillo Islands in the Philippine Sea.

A major tourism draw to the province is Mount Banahaw. The mountain is surrounded by spiritual mysticism with many cults and religious organizations staying on the mountain. Numerous pilgrims visit the mountain especially during Holy Week.

History[edit]

Originally, what now forms Quezon was divided among the provinces of Batangas, Laguna, and Nueva Ecija. The first European to explore the area was Juan de Salcedo in 1571-1572, during his expedition from Laguna to Camarines provinces.

In 1591, the province was created and called Kaliraya or Kalilayan, after the capital town which later became Unisan. In 1749, the capital was transferred to the town of Tayabas, from which the province got its new name.

Depredation and plunder by the Moros were rampant during the Spanish regime, because they opposed the colonizers, especially in their efforts to spread Christianity. The destruction of Kalilayan in 1604 by a big fleet of Moro pirates caused the inhabitants to transfer to Palsabangon (Pagbilao).

However, even the colonized people grew discontented with the Spaniards over the centuries. The most important event in the history of the province was the Confradia Revolt in 1841, which was led by the famous Lucbano, Apolinario de la Cruz, popularly known as Hermano Pule. The province, under General Miguel Malvar, was also among the earliest to join the Philippine Revolution. The Revolutionary Government took control over the province on August 15, 1898.

The Americans then came and annexed the Philippines. A civil government was established in the province on March 12, 1901, and Lucena was made the provincial capital.

Tayabas province in 1918
Northern Tayabas in 1918
Northern portion
Southern Tayabas in 1918
Southern portion

Japanese occupation of the province during World War II began on December 23, 1941, when the Japanese Imperial Army landed in Atimonan. The occupation witnessed the brutal murders of prominent sons of Tayabas. April 4, 1945 was the day the province was liberated as the combined Filipino and American army forces reached Lucena.

After the war, on September 7, 1946, Republic Act No. 14 changed the name Tayabas to Quezon, in honor of Manuel L. Quezon, the Commonwealth president who hailed from Baler, which was one of the province's towns.[3]

In 1951, the northern part of Quezon was made into the sub-province of Aurora (which included Baler). Aurora was the name of the president's wife, Aurora Quezon. In 1979, Aurora was separated from Quezon as an independent province.

Splitting Quezon: Quezon del Norte and Quezon del Sur[edit]

In 2007, Republic Act No. 9495 was proposed to further divide Quezon into Quezon del Norte and Quezon del Sur. Quezon del Norte was to be composed of the first and second congressional districts of the province (Burdeos, General Nakar, Infanta, Jomalig, Lucban, Mauban, Pagbilao, Panukulan, Patnanungan, Polilio, Real, Sampaloc, Tayabas, Candelaria, Dolores, San Antonio, Sariaya, Tiaong and Lucena), with Lucena as its capital. Quezon del Sur, with its capital at Gumaca, would have been composed of the third and fourth congressional districts (Agdangan, Buenavista, Catanauan, General Luna, Macalelon, Mulanay, Padre Burgos, Pitogo, San Andres, San Francisco, San Narciso, Unisan, Alabat, Atimonan, Calauag, Guinayangan, Gumaca, Lopez, Perez, Plaridel, Quezon and Tagkawayan). The act lapsed into law without the signature of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on September 7, 2007.[4]

As required by law, the COMELEC held a plebiscite on December 13, 2008, 60 days after Republic Act No. 9495 took effect. The majority of the votes cast rejected the division, therefore the split did not push through.

Geography[edit]

Mount Banahaw, as viewed from the Atimonan-Pagbilao border

Quezon, east of Metro Manila, is the 8th largest province in the Philippines having an area of 892,601 hectares or 8,926.01 km². The northern part of the province is sandwiched between the Sierra Madre mountain range and the Philippine Sea. The southern part consists of the Tayabas Isthmus, which separates the Bicol Peninsula from the main part of Luzon Island, and the Bondoc Peninsula which lies between Tayabas Bay and Ragay Gulf.

The major islands of Quezon are Alabat Island and Polillo Islands. Mount Banahaw, an active volcano, is the highest peak at 2,169 metres (7,116 ft).[5] It supplies geothermal power to the Makban Geothermal Power Plant.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Quezon is subdivided into 39 municipalities and one component city named Tayabas. The capital, Lucena City, is independent from the administrative and fiscal supervision of the province, but is eligible to vote for provincial officials.

City or
municipality
District[6] Area
(km²)[6]
Population
(2010)[6][7]
Density
(per km²)
No. of
barangays
ZIP
code
Income
class[6]
Coordinates

Agdangan 3rd 31.54 11,567 366.7 12 4304 5th 13°52′30″N 121°54′48″E / 13.8749°N 121.9134°E / 13.8749; 121.9134 (Agdangan)
Alabat 4th 57.61 16,120 279.8 19 4333 5th 14°06′04″N 122°00′44″E / 14.1012°N 122.0121°E / 14.1012; 122.0121 (Alabat)
Atimonan 4th 239.66 61,587 257 42 4331 1st 14°00′02″N 121°55′17″E / 14.0006°N 121.9215°E / 14.0006; 121.9215 (Atimonan)
Buenavista 3rd 161.35 29,053 180.1 37 4320 4th 13°44′15″N 122°28′02″E / 13.7376°N 122.4673°E / 13.7376; 122.4673 (Buenavista)
Burdeos 1st 199.82 24,166 120.9 14 4340 4th 14°50′24″N 121°58′12″E / 14.8399°N 121.9700°E / 14.8399; 121.9700 (Burdeos)
Calauag 4th 324.71 69,223 213.2 81 4318 1st 13°57′30″N 122°17′14″E / 13.9582°N 122.2873°E / 13.9582; 122.2873 (Calauag)
Candelaria 2nd 129.1 110,570 856.5 25 4323 1st 13°56′00″N 121°25′21″E / 13.9334°N 121.4224°E / 13.9334; 121.4224 (Candelaria)
Catanauan 3rd 253.07 65,832 260.1 46 4311 1st 13°35′34″N 122°19′20″E / 13.5929°N 122.3223°E / 13.5929; 122.3223 (Catanauan)
Dolores 2nd 62.6 27,702 442.5 16 4326 4th 14°00′57″N 121°24′04″E / 14.0157°N 121.4011°E / 14.0157; 121.4011 (Dolores)
General Luna 3rd 101.02 25,373 251.2 27 4310 4th 13°41′17″N 122°10′16″E / 13.6881°N 122.1710°E / 13.6881; 122.1710 (General Luna)
General Nakar 1st 1343.75 25,973 19.3 19 4338 1st 14°45′48″N 121°38′07″E / 14.7634°N 121.6353°E / 14.7634; 121.6353 (General Nakar)
Guinayangan 4th 214.12 41,669 194.6 54 4319 3rd 13°53′51″N 122°27′14″E / 13.8974°N 122.4539°E / 13.8974; 122.4539 (Guinayangan)
Gumaca 4th 189.65 69,618 367.1 59 4307 1st 13°55′17″N 122°06′05″E / 13.9215°N 122.1015°E / 13.9215; 122.1015 (Gumaca)
Infanta 1st 342.76 64,818 189.1 36 4336 1st 14°44′45″N 121°38′50″E / 14.7458°N 121.6472°E / 14.7458; 121.6472 (Infanta)
Jomalig 1st 56.65 6,884 121.5 5 4342 5th 14°41′49″N 122°19′47″E / 14.6970°N 122.3297°E / 14.6970; 122.3297 (Jomalig)
Lopez 4th 355.38 91,074 256.3 95 4316 1st 13°52′57″N 122°15′40″E / 13.8825°N 122.2611°E / 13.8825; 122.2611 (Lopez)
Lucban 1st 130.46 46,698 357.9 32 4328 2nd 14°06′52″N 121°33′17″E / 14.1144°N 121.5548°E / 14.1144; 121.5548 (Lucban)
Lucena 2nd 80.21 246,392 3071.8 33 4301 2nd 13°56′06″N 121°36′45″E / 13.9350°N 121.6124°E / 13.9350; 121.6124 (Lucena)
Macalelon 3rd 124.05 26,419 213 30 4309 4th 13°44′46″N 122°08′13″E / 13.7462°N 122.1369°E / 13.7462; 122.1369 (Macalelon)
Mauban 1st 415.98 61,141 147 40 4330 1st 14°11′20″N 121°43′52″E / 14.1889°N 121.7310°E / 14.1889; 121.7310 (Mauban)
Mulanay 3rd 420 50,826 121 28 4312 1st 13°31′23″N 122°24′15″E / 13.5231°N 122.4043°E / 13.5231; 122.4043 (Mulanay)
Padre Burgos 3rd 69.1 20,161 291.8 22 4303 4th 13°55′00″N 121°48′58″E / 13.9166°N 121.8162°E / 13.9166; 121.8162 (Padre Burgos)
Pagbilao 1st 170.96 65,996 386 27 4302 1st 13°58′28″N 121°41′07″E / 13.9745°N 121.6854°E / 13.9745; 121.6854 (Pagbilao)
Panukulan 1st 226.61 12,511 55.2 12 4337 4th 14°55′59″N 121°48′58″E / 14.9331°N 121.8160°E / 14.9331; 121.8160 (Panukulan)
Patnanungan 1st 139.2 13,865 99.6 6 4341 5th 14°45′19″N 122°13′01″E / 14.7552°N 122.2169°E / 14.7552; 122.2169 (Patnanungan)
Perez 4th 57.46 12,039 209.5 14 4334 5th 14°11′38″N 121°55′33″E / 14.1938°N 121.9257°E / 14.1938; 121.9257 (Perez)
Pitogo 3rd 73.39 21,380 291.3 39 4308 4th 13°46′59″N 122°05′19″E / 13.7830°N 122.0886°E / 13.7830; 122.0886 (Pitogo)
Plaridel 4th 35.05 10,238 292.1 9 4306 5th 13°57′24″N 122°01′01″E / 13.9568°N 122.0170°E / 13.9568; 122.0170 (Plaridel)
Polillo 1st 253 28,125 111.2 20 4339 3rd 14°43′03″N 121°56′15″E / 14.7176°N 121.9375°E / 14.7176; 121.9375 (Polillo)
Quezon 4th 71.22 15,142 212.6 24 4332 5th 14°00′22″N 122°11′03″E / 14.0060°N 122.1841°E / 14.0060; 122.1841 (Quezon)
Real 1st 563.89 35,189 62.4 17 4335 1st 14°39′56″N 121°36′13″E / 14.6655°N 121.6036°E / 14.6655; 121.6036 (Real)
Sampaloc 1st 104.78 13,107 125.1 14 4329 5th 14°09′40″N 121°38′18″E / 14.1610°N 121.6382°E / 14.1610; 121.6382 (Sampaloc)
San Andres 3rd 60.99 33,586 550.7 7 4314 4th 13°19′25″N 122°40′39″E / 13.3235°N 122.6774°E / 13.3235; 122.6774 (San Andres)
San Antonio 2nd 172.93 31,681 183.2 20 4324 4th 13°53′45″N 121°17′36″E / 13.8957°N 121.2932°E / 13.8957; 121.2932 (San Antonio)
San Francisco (Aurora) 3rd 303.96 57,979 190.7 16 4315 2nd 13°20′49″N 122°31′12″E / 13.3469°N 122.5200°E / 13.3469; 122.5200 (San Francisco)
San Narciso 3rd 263.58 45,386 172.2 24 4313 3rd 13°33′56″N 122°33′59″E / 13.5656°N 122.5665°E / 13.5656; 122.5665 (San Narciso)
Sariaya 2nd 212.16 138,894 654.7 43 4322 1st 13°57′46″N 121°31′27″E / 13.9629°N 121.5243°E / 13.9629; 121.5243 (Sariaya)
Tagkawayan 4th 534.35 50,833 95.1 45 4321 1st 13°57′57″N 122°32′21″E / 13.9657°N 122.5393°E / 13.9657; 122.5393 (Tagkawayan)
Tayabas 1st 230.95 91,428 395.9 66 4327 6th 14°01′35″N 121°35′30″E / 14.0263°N 121.5918°E / 14.0263; 121.5918 (Tayabas)
Tiaong 2nd 168.38 91,599 544 31 4325 1st 13°57′33″N 121°19′22″E / 13.9593°N 121.3228°E / 13.9593; 121.3228 (Tiaong)
Unisan 3rd 124.15 25,186 202.9 36 4305 4th 13°50′21″N 121°58′35″E / 13.8393°N 121.9763°E / 13.8393; 121.9763 (Unisan)
 †  Provincial capital and highly urbanized city      Component city      Municipality

Demographics[edit]

Population census of
Quezon
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 1,221,831 —    
1995 1,359,992 +2.03%
2000 1,482,955 +1.87%
2007 1,646,510 +1.45%
2010 1,740,638 +2.04%
Excludes Lucena City
Source: National Statistics Office[2]

The inhabitants are mostly Tagalogs. The population is concentrated in the flat south-central portion which includes Lucena City, Sariaya, and Candelaria. After World War II, the Infanta area received migrants from Manila, Laguna and Batangas. People from Marinduque moved to the southern part of the Tayabas Isthmus and the Bondoc Peninsula. And people from Bicol Region migrated to Southern Towns of Calauag and Tagkawayan.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Quezon is the country's leading producer of coconut products such as coconut oil and copra. A large part of the province is covered in coconut plantations. Other major crops are rice, corn, banana, and coffee. Fishing is also a large part of the province's economy.

Notable people from Quezon[edit]

Metro Lucena[edit]

Metro Lucena has an estimated population of 700,000 which is mostly concentrated in the flat south-central portion of Quezon, which includes the cities of Lucena City and Tayabas, Sariaya, Candelaria, Lucban & Pagbilao. The people are often characterized as friendly and hardworking. It is the center of commerce and tourism in Quezon Province.

City or
municipality
Nickname/s Income
class
No. of
barangays
Area
(km²)
Population
(2007)
Population
(2010)
Pop. density
(per km²)
Candelaria Industrial Town of Quezon 1st Class municipality 25 129.1 105,997 110,570 857
Lucban Summer Capital of Quezon
Home of the Pahiyas Festival
2nd Class municipality 32 154.15 45,616 46,698 303
Lucena City Cocopalm City of the South
Biofuel City
The Gateway to the South
Entertainment Capital of Southern Luzon
1st Class city
(Highly urbanized)
33 83.17 236,390 246,392 2963
Pagbilao Power Port of Quezon 1st Class municipality 27 177.6 62,561 65,996 372
Sariaya Heritage Town of Quezon 1st Class municipality 43 245.3 128,248 138,894 566
Tayabas City Home of the Finest Lambanog
City of Festivals
The City of Eleven Bridges
6th Class component city 66 230.95 87,252 91,428 396

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "Republic Act No. 14; An Act to Change the Name of the Province of Tayabas to Quezon". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 6 January 2016. 
  4. ^ "Republic Act No. 9495: An Act Creating the Province of Quezon del Sur". The LAWPHiL Project. September 7, 2007. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  5. ^ "Active Volcanoes". Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology. 30 July 2008. Retrieved 6 January 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Province: Quezon". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 5 January 2016. 
  7. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010 (CALABARZON)" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 5 January 2016. 

External links[edit]