Quezon Memorial Circle

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Quezon Memorial Circle
IUCN category II (national park)
05805jfQuezon Memorial City Circlefvf 32.JPG
Quezon Memorial Shrine
Map showing the location of Quezon Memorial Circle
Map showing the location of Quezon Memorial Circle
Location within Metro Manila
Location Barangay Central,[1]
Quezon City, Philippines
Coordinates 14°39′03″N 121°02′54″E / 14.6507°N 121.0482°E / 14.6507; 121.0482Coordinates: 14°39′03″N 121°02′54″E / 14.6507°N 121.0482°E / 14.6507; 121.0482
Area 27 hectares (67 acres)
Created 1978
Administrator Quezon City government
(Majority; 26 hectares (64 acres))
National Historical Commission of the Philippines
(Quezon Memorial Shrine area; 1 hectare (2.5 acres))
Website http://www.gov.ph/quezonmemorial/

The Quezon Memorial Circle is a national park and a national shrine located in Quezon City, which became the capital of the Philippines from 1948 to 1976.

The park is located inside a large traffic circle in the shape of an ellipse and bounded by the Elliptical Road. Its main feature is a 66-metre (217 ft)[2] tall mausoleum containing the remains of Manuel L. Quezon, the second official President of the Philippines and the first of an internationally recognized independent Philippines, and his wife, First Lady Aurora Quezon.

This location will be the street alignment for the approved MRT-7 named Quezon Memorial MRT Station and the station will be underground.

"Circle", as locals call it, has been undergoing significant changes in order to lure in more tourists both local and foreign. Due to these beautification efforts of the local government the number of visitors is continuously increasing.[3][4]

History[edit]

The site was originally intended as the grounds of the National Capitol to be built in Quezon City to house the Congress of the Philippines. The location was also part of a larger National Government Center located around Elliptical Road and the Quezon City Quadrangle (made up of the North, South, East, and West Triangles). The NGC was meant to house the three branches of the Philippine government (legislative, executive, and judicial). While the cornerstone for the structure was laid on November 15, 1940, only the foundations were in place when construction was interrupted by the beginning of the Second World War in the Philippines.[5] After World War II in December 1945, President Sergio Osmeña issued Executive Order No. 79 stipulating the creation of a Quezon Memorial Committee to raise funds by public subscription to erect a memorial to his predecessor, President Manuel L. Quezon.[6][7]

Former Quezon City Mayor Tomas Morato was instrumental to the selection of the site of the memorial park. Then President Elpidio Quirino proposed the relocation of the monument but this was opposed by Morato who resigned from his post as congressman representing Quezon province in 1949 due to disputes over the plan of then President Quirino.[8]

A national contest for the Quezon Memorial Project was held 1951. Filipino architect Federico S. Ilustre's design won the contest.[9] Aside from the monument itself, a complex of three buildings, including a presidential library, a museum, & a theater, were also planned to be erected.

Shortly after the People Power Revolution, the Quezon City Parks Development Foundation (QCPDF) was established during the term of then Quezon City Mayor, Brigido Simon Jr.[10] Under a tripartite agreement between the Quezon City government, National Historical Institute (NHI, now the National Historical Commission of the Philippines) and the National Parks Development Administration (NPDA), the NPDA was given jurisdiction over the 27 hectares (67 acres) park except a one hectare area covering the Quezon Memorial Shrine which is under the NHI. The NPDA turned over the management of the park to the QCPDF and the city government gave the foundation authority to raise revenue for the maintenance of the park.[10]

In the 1980s, the architecture firm of Francisco Mañosa made a masterplan for the park sometime in the 1980s.[11]

On July 1, 2008, the QCPDF which has been managing the park from September 27, 1988, transferred management duties to the Quezon City government.[12]

Park lay-out[edit]

Quezon Memorial Shrine[edit]

The Quezon Memorial Shrine is an art deco-themed monument was designed by Federico Ilustre and was built during the 1950s and serves as the centerpiece of the Quezon Memorial Circle. The 66-metre (217 ft) shrine[2] representing Quezon's age when he died from tuberculosis stands on a thirty-six hectare elliptical lot. It houses an observation deck that can accommodate sixty people at the top through a spiral staircase which gives the visitors a panoramic view of the city.[13]

At the top of the pylons are three mourning angels holding sampaguita (the national flower) wreaths[2] sculpted by the Italian sculptor Francesco Monti. The regional identity of each female angels figure could be discerned in the traditional costume they were clothed with.[14] The winged figures atop the three pylons represented Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao.[2] The three pylons would in turn circumscribe a drum-like two-story structure containing a gallery from which visitors could look down at Quezon's catafalque, modeled after Napoleon Bonaparte's in the Invalides. The gallery and the catafalque below are lit by an oculus, in turn reminiscent of Grant's Tomb.

Museums[edit]

Display at the Museo ni Manuel L. Quezon in 2012

The planned auxiliary structures (presidential library, museum, and theater) were never built. Two smaller museums, one containing the presidential memorabilia of Quezon, and the other containing items on the history of Quezon City, were installed within the Quezon Memorial Shrine itself. In the 1980s, missing, lost, or incomplete bas reliefs for the outside of the memorial were installed.

A house of Manuel L. Quezon family in Gilmore, New Manila was transferred within the Quezon Memorial Circle and was made a museum. A city museum, the Quezon City Experience (QCX) was also opened within park grounds in late 2015.

Recreation spaces[edit]

Quezon City Circle also hosts a the Circle of Fun, a small amusement park which has various rides such as the "Fun Drop" a drop tower ride and the "Sea Dragon", a pirate ship type of amusement ride. A separate attraction, the Pedal N Paddle offers go-kart rides, boat rides in a small pond, fish spa, a 4D theater and Skybike, where patrons ride modified bicycles attached on an elevated rail.[15]

A children's playground and a rental bicycles are also available which can be used on a bicycle track within the park. Dining outlets and a flea market are also situated within park grounds.[16]

Previously the park had a disco area near the Quezon Memorial Shrine[17] but it has been closed down.[when?]

Public facilities for events such as the Seminar Hall, Century Hall, People’s Hall, and a stage, as well as covered courts were introduced by the city government which took over administration of the park in 2008. A dancing fountain was also renovated by the city government which is illuminated with colors at night.[18]

Gardens, monuments, and markers[edit]

Hardin ng Mga Bulaklak gate.
World Peace Bell

The elliptical park features smaller gardens and named green spaces within its grounds such as the Hardin ng Mga Bulaklak (lit. Garden of Flowers) and the Tropical Garden.[19] The Quezon Memorial Circle also host a demo urban farm which in 2015 is occupying a 1,500 square metres (16,000 sq ft). The urban farm inside the park is one of the several sites under the "Joy of Urban Farming" project of Vice Mayor, Joy Belmonte which was launched in 2010.[20][21] In 2011, the Cactus and Succulent Garden designed by Serapion Metilla was opened to the public.[22]

Among the other areas of the park is the World Peace Bell. The bell installed not before 1994, was a donation of the World Peace Bell Association, a Japanese organization promoting awareness on the world peace movement. The Philippines was the first Southeast Asian nation to receive a bell from the association.[23] The first bell was made from coins donated by the then 65 member countries of the United Nations, weighs 365 kilograms (805 lb), has a height of 1.05 metres (3.4 ft), and a diameter of 60 centimetres (24 in). It was designed by the Quezon City Planning Office.[24]

The bell was turned over to then Quezon City Vice Mayor, Charito Planas by World Peace Bell Association Executive Chairman Tomojiro Yoshida at the Tsunamachi Mitsui Club in Tokyo on July 1, 1994. The bell was inaugurated by then President Fidel V. Ramos on December 10, 1994 who formally presented the bell to then Quezon City Mayor Ismael Mathay.[24]

A Peace Monument was also erected inside the grounds of the park by the Rotary Club. It marked Quezon City as a Rotary Peace City as part of the "Community Peace Cities/Towns" concept conceived by the Rotary Club of Wagga Wagga, Australia.[25] Quezon City is the fifth Rotary Peace Community in the Philippines and 25th in the world. The peace monument was inaugurated on December 7, 1999.[26]

Transportation[edit]

The Quezon Memorial Circle is totally engulfed by the Elliptical Road. A ₱49 million pedestrian underpass was opened in October 2007 which connects the lot occupied by the Quezon City Hall and the park.[27] A second underpass is also present connected the park to the Philcoa area near the Commonwealth Avenue.[15]

Visitors[edit]

In 2012, it was reported that an average of 8,000 people visit the Quezon Memorial Circle daily. The average figures during the weekends were reportedly higher during the weekends amounting to 12,000 people. In December 2011, more than a million visited the park.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yee, Jovic (17 January 2016). "Teen student, drop-out nabbed after stabbing sisters in QC". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 17 August 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Introduction". Quezon Memorial Shrine. Retrieved 27 February 2016. The Quezon Memorial Shrine is dedicated to the unrivalled legacy of the first president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines, Manuel L. Quezon. It is a national shrine highlighted by a 66-meter trylon monument at the heart of Quezon City’s most important park. The monument’s three columns and angels bowed in grief, holding sampaguita wreaths, represent Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. It has a museum that features Quezoniana relics and memorabilia, and a mausoleum where the remains of Quezon and his wife, Aurora Aragon Quezon, were interred. 
  3. ^ "Developments at the Quezon Memorial Circle". The Local Government of Quezon City. Retrieved 27 February 2016. The Quezon City Government is continuously improving the Quezon Memorial Circle as a people's park and a fitting place for the shrine of a Philippine President. The place is not a forest park. On an ordinary day, when there are no special events there, an average of 8,000 people visit the park daily, with numbers increasing to 12,000 on weekends, and to over a million last December as more families chose to celebrate the holidays in affordable style outdoors. 
  4. ^ Quick Tour in Quezon City Memorial Circle Archived September 3, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Manila Bulletin - War aborts Capitol Building; 61st Anniversary of Quezon City.(Opinion/Editorial) by Isabelo T. Crisostomo
  6. ^ "Executive Order No. 79; Creating a Quezon Memorial Committee to Take Charge of the Nation-Wide Campaign to Raise Funds for the Erection of a National Monument in Honor of the Late President Manuel L. Quezon". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Malacañan Palace, Manila, Philippines. 17 December 1945. Retrieved 27 February 2016. 
  7. ^ "Executive Order No. 12; Reorganizing the Quezon Memorial Committee, Created under Executive Order Numbered Seventy-Nine, dated December 17, 1945". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Malacañan Palace, Manila, Philippines. 19 August 1946. Retrieved 27 February 2016. 
  8. ^ Morato, Manuel (24 February 2000). "Keep Circle as a park". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 3 August 2016. 
  9. ^ "Federico S. Ilustre". Arkitekturang Filipino Online. Art Studies Foundation, Inc., National Commission for Culture and the Arts, and United Architects of the Philippines. Retrieved 5 March 2013. 
  10. ^ a b Jimenez-David, Rina (29 February 2000). "What it takes to run a park". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 3 August 2016. 
  11. ^ "Developments at the Quezon Memorial Circle". Quezon City Official Website. Quezon City Government. Retrieved 3 August 2016. 
  12. ^ "Quezon Memorial Circle to be converted into central park". ABS-CBN News. The Philippine Star. 26 March 2008. Retrieved 3 August 2016. 
  13. ^ Lico, Gerard (2008). Arkitekturang Filipino: A History of Architecture and Urbanism in the Philippines. Quezon City: The University of the Philippines Press. p. 398. ISBN 978-971-542-579-7. 
  14. ^ al.], Chris Rowthorn ; Greg Bloom ; Michael Day ... [et (2006). Philippines (9th ed.). Paris: Lonely planet. p. 85. ISBN 9781741042894. 
  15. ^ a b Royandoyan, Ramon; Ocampo, Karl Angelica (18 December 2015). "12 ways to spend Christmas in Metro". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 3 August 2016. 
  16. ^ Segova, Julius (reporter) (25 December 2015). Playground, rides, tiangge at mga kainan, tampok sa Quezon Memorial Circle [Playground, amusement rides, flea market and dining venues, a hit at the Quezon Memorial Circle] (Television production) (in Filipino). 
  17. ^ Lacuarta, Gerald (13 February 2000). "Disco at Circle hit". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 3 August 2016. 
  18. ^ a b Palma, Tadeo (22 June 2012). "'Visit Quezon Memorial Circle'". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 3 August 2016. 
  19. ^ "Flower, garden exhibit Feb. 4-15 in QC". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 31 January 2016. Retrieved 3 August 2016. 
  20. ^ Fritzie, Rodriguez (1 September 2015). "#HUNGERPROJECT Making farming work in the big city". Rappler. Retrieved 3 August 2016. 
  21. ^ Fernandez, Rudy (7 August 2011). "QC urban farming program expanded". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 3 August 2016. 
  22. ^ Bolido, Linda (11 September 2011). "From classroom tutor to plant prof". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 3 August 2016. 
  23. ^ Bacobo, Ariel (10 July 1994). "Has Jaworski hurt his political ambitions - (Untitled subsection discussing the bell)". Manila Standard. Retrieved 3 August 2016. 
  24. ^ a b Untitled (Marker). At the right portion of the south entrance of the World Peace Bell area in Quezon Memorial Circle.: Unknown. n.d. 
  25. ^ "Peace & Friendship Monuments Initiated by Rotary International". Peace Monuments Around the World (& Notable Peacemakers). Retrieved 3 August 2016. 
  26. ^ Rotary Peace City Project. ManilaStatues.com (Plaque on monument). Lower portion of the central monument on the side facing south.: Unknown. n.d. 
  27. ^ del Rosario, Kenneth (2 October 2007). "Underpass to Quezon Memorial Circle now open". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 3 August 2016. 

External links[edit]