Quincy, California

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Quincy
census-designated place
Quincy, California from Q on mountain..JPG
Motto(s): "Heart of the Feather River Country"[1]
Location in Plumas County and the state of California
Location in Plumas County and the state of California
Quincy is located in the US
Quincy
Quincy
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 39°56′11″N 120°56′53″W / 39.93639°N 120.94806°W / 39.93639; -120.94806Coordinates: 39°56′11″N 120°56′53″W / 39.93639°N 120.94806°W / 39.93639; -120.94806
Country United States
State California
CountyPlumas
Area[2]
 • Total4.239 sq mi (10.979 km2)
 • Land4.239 sq mi (10.979 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation[3]3,432 ft (1,046 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total1,728
 • Density410/sq mi (160/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific (PST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code95971
Area code(s)530 Exchange: 283
FIPS code06-59080
GNIS feature ID265113
WebsiteQuincy California Chamber of Commerce

Quincy (formerly, Quinsy)[4] is a census-designated place and the county seat of Plumas County, California.[5] The population was 1,728 during the 2010 census, down from 1,879 during the 2000 United States Census.[6]

History[edit]

Quincy started as a Gold Rush town, associated with the former Elizabethtown, California. Started in 1852, Elizabethtown slowly faded.

Development moved a mile away into the American Valley after settler James H. Bradley, who helped organize Plumas County, donated land there for the county seat. He laid out the town and named it after his farm in Illinois.[4] (That had been named for John Quincy Adams (1767–1848), the sixth president of the United States (1825–1829).[7].

The Quincy post office opened in 1855,[4] and the town was formally recognized in 1858.

Geography and climate[edit]

Quincy is located at 39°56′11″N 120°56′53″W / 39.93639°N 120.94806°W / 39.93639; -120.94806 (39.936279, −120.947921).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.2 square miles (11 km2), all of it is land.

Quincy is underlain by metasedimentary rock of the Shoo Fly Complex.[9] Its dominant silica-rich clastic material weathers to a stony coarse soil which includes the well or somewhat excessively drained alluvial fan material (mainly Forgay very gravelly sandy loam) on which most of Quincy's businesses and homes have been built. Cultivated land north of the residential area lies on poorly drained loam, silt loam or fine sandy loam.[10]

Quincy has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csb) though its inland location and altitude makes it more continental and wetter than usual for this type, with very heavy snowfalls sometimes occurring in winter – the record being 133 inches (337.8 cm) in the very wet January 1916.[11][12] Although summer days are hot and only 1.4 days per winter fail to top 32 °F (0 °C), nights can be very cold and frosts occur on 179 days per year and have been recorded even in July.

Climate data for Quincy, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 74
(23)
80
(27)
85
(29)
89
(32)
100
(38)
105
(41)
109
(43)
110
(43)
110
(43)
98
(37)
86
(30)
76
(24)
110
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 45.3
(7.4)
51.1
(10.6)
56.8
(13.8)
63.7
(17.6)
72.6
(22.6)
81.4
(27.4)
89.5
(31.9)
88.4
(31.3)
82.1
(27.8)
71.1
(21.7)
55.4
(13)
46.1
(7.8)
67.0
(19.4)
Average low °F (°C) 23.5
(−4.7)
26.2
(−3.2)
29.0
(−1.7)
32.2
(0.1)
37.6
(3.1)
42.2
(5.7)
44.0
(6.7)
41.6
(5.3)
36.8
(2.7)
31.9
(−0.1)
28.5
(−1.9)
25.1
(−3.8)
33.2
(0.7)
Record low °F (°C) −28
(−33)
−19
(−28)
0
(−18)
12
(−11)
20
(−7)
25
(−4)
23
(−5)
20
(−7)
15
(−9)
6
(−14)
−3
(−19)
−24
(−31)
−28
(−33)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 7.38
(187.5)
6.47
(164.3)
5.53
(140.5)
2.74
(69.6)
1.74
(44.2)
0.79
(20.1)
0.14
(3.6)
0.22
(5.6)
0.87
(22.1)
2.60
(66)
4.83
(122.7)
6.84
(173.7)
40.15
(1,019.9)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 16.9
(42.9)
11.1
(28.2)
10.2
(25.9)
2.8
(7.1)
0.5
(1.3)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.5
(1.3)
3.2
(8.1)
9.9
(25.1)
55.1
(139.9)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 11 10 10 7 6 3 1 1 2 5 8 10 74
Source: WRCC (temperature normals 1895–2013),[13]

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[14] reported that Quincy had a population of 1,728. The population density was 407.6 people per square mile (157.4/km²). The racial makeup of Quincy was 1,500 (86.8%) White, Hispanic or Latino of any race were 132 persons (7.6%) 37 (2.1%) Black, 29 (1.7%) Native American, 19 (1.1%) Asian, 2 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 66 (3.8%) from other races, and 75 (4.3%) from two or more races.

The Census reported that 1,673 people (96.8% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 55 (3.2%) were institutionalized.

There were 798 households, out of which 183 (22.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 300 (37.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 85 (10.7%) had a female householder with no husband present, 28 (3.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 63 (7.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 5 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 314 households (39.3%) were made up of individuals and 93 (11.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10. There were 413 families (51.8% of all households); the average family size was 2.77.

The population was spread out with 341 people (19.7%) under the age of 18, 163 people (9.4%) aged 18 to 24, 350 people (20.3%) aged 25 to 44, 556 people (32.2%) aged 45 to 64, and 318 people (18.4%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.1 males.

There were 872 housing units at an average density of 205.7 per square mile (79.4/km²), of which 388 (48.6%) were owner-occupied, and 410 (51.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.5%. 872 people (50.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 801 people (46.4%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 1,879 people, 858 households, and 479 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 443.4 people per square mile (171.1/km²). There were 899 housing units at an average density of 212.2 per square mile (81.9/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 90.9% White, 1.5% African American, 2.2% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.5% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.8% of the population.

There were 858 households out of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.2% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.1% were non-families. 38.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.79.

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $30,508, and the median income for a family was $40,536. Males had a median income of $38,438 versus $27,411 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $19,944. About 5.1% of families and 11.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under age 18 and 2.8% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Quincy's students attend the Quincy Elementary School and Quincy Junior-Senior High School. The schools come under the authority of the Plumas County Board of Education and the Plumas Unified School District. The 'Trojans' are the mascot for the Quincy Junior-Senior High School.[16]

Government[edit]

In the California State Legislature, Quincy is in the 1st Senate District, represented by Republican Ted Gaines, and in the 1st Assembly District, represented by Republican Brian Dahle.[17] Federally, Quincy is in California's 1st congressional district, represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa.[18]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Quincy California Chamber of Commerce". Quincy California Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
  2. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau.
  3. ^ "Quincy". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
  4. ^ a b c Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 410. ISBN 1-884995-14-4.
  5. ^ "Profile for Quincy, California, CA". Podunk. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
  6. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Community Facts". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  7. ^ "Quincy, California Epodunk Database". 2006. Retrieved 2007-07-11.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ Saucedo, G.J., and Wagner, D.L., 1992, Geologic map of the Chico quadrangle: California Division of Mines and Geology, Regional Geologic Map 7A
  10. ^ "SoilWeb: An Online Soil Survey Browser - California Soil Resource Lab". casoilresource.lawr.ucdavis.edu. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  11. ^ "QUINCY, CALIFORNIA - Climate Summary". www.wrcc.dri.edu. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  12. ^ Enloe. "Climatological Rankings - Temperature, Precipitation, and Drought - National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)". www.ncdc.noaa.gov. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  13. ^ "Period of Record Monthly Climate Summary". Western Regional Climate Center. November 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-30.
  14. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA – Quincy CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  16. ^ "Plumas County Office of Education". Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  17. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved December 3, 2014.
  18. ^ "California's 1st Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
  19. ^ PCN On-line News – Plumas County California Archived 2007-11-13 at the Wayback Machine.
  20. ^ "Jason Ellison". Baseball-Reference.Com. Retrieved September 14, 2012.
  21. ^ Fariss and Smith's History of Plumas, Lassen & Sierra Counties, California, 1882.

External links[edit]

News from Quincy