Quincy, Florida

Coordinates: 30°35′N 84°35′W / 30.583°N 84.583°W / 30.583; -84.583
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Quincy, Florida
Quincy City Hall
Quincy City Hall
"...In the heart of Florida's future"[1]
Location in Gadsden County and the state of Florida
Location in Gadsden County and the state of Florida
Quincy, Florida is located in the United States
Quincy, Florida
Quincy, Florida
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 30°35′N 84°35′W / 30.583°N 84.583°W / 30.583; -84.583
CountryUnited States
 • TypeManager–Commission
 • MayorRonte R. Harris
 • Mayor Pro TemKeith A. Dowdell
 • CommissionersFreida Bass-Prieto, Anessa Canidate, A. Sapp
 • City ManagerRobert Nixon
 • City ClerkJanice Shackelford-Clemons
 • Total11.65 sq mi (30.17 km2)
 • Land11.65 sq mi (30.17 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
207 ft (63 m)
 • Total7,970
 • Density684.18/sq mi (264.16/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
Area code850
FIPS code12-59325[3]
GNIS feature ID0289404[4]

Quincy is a city in and the county seat of Gadsden County, Florida, United States.[5] The population was 7,970 as of the 2020 census. Quincy is part of the Tallahassee metropolitan area.


Early Florida Statehood and Antebellum Years[edit]

Gadsden County Courthouse in Quincy

Established in 1828, Quincy is the county seat of Gadsden County, and was named for John Quincy Adams.[6] It is located 25 miles (40 km) northwest of Tallahassee, the state capital. Quincy's economy was based on agriculture, including farming tomatoes, tobacco, mushrooms, soybeans and other crops.

According to The Floridian newspaper, in 1840 there were two schools in Quincy, the Quincy Male Academy[7] and the Quincy Female Academy.[8] Joshua Knowles published the Quincy Sentinel in Quincy from November 1839 until it relocated to Tallahassee and became the Florida Sentinel in 1841.[9] The paper began publishing in Tallahassee in February or March 1841 as a successor to Quincy Sentinel.[10]

American Civil War[edit]

One of the most important anti-secession organizations in Florida leading up to the Civil War was the Constitutional Union Party. The party, while acknowledging the "wrongs" inflicted upon the south by the north, advocated for "pacific, rational, and judicial methods for righting these wrongs." The party held its state convention in Quincy on June 27, 1860.[11]

William Tennent Stockton, once mayor of Quincy, raised a cavalry company following secession called the Gadsden Dragoons. He was subsequently appointed as captain of the 1st Florida Cavalry Regiment.[12]

Florida was a major contributor of beef, salt, and other supplies to the Confederacy. To facilitate the supply chain, the state was divided into five commissary districts under the overall command of Major Pleasant W. White of Quincy.[13]


In 1828, Governor William P. Duval introduced Cuban tobacco to the territory of Florida. As a result, the culture of shade-grown cigar wrapper tobacco was a dominant factor in the social and economic development of Gadsden County. Tobacco is a native plant of the western hemisphere. Early European explorers discovered Native Americans growing the plant when they set foot on their soil.

In 1829, John Smith migrated to Gadsden County in covered wagons with his family and four related families. Since there was already a resident named John Smith in the community, he became known as John "Virginia" Smith. When Smith ventured southward he brought with him a type of tobacco seed which was used for chewing and pipe smoking. He planted that seed and found that the plants grew vigorously. Because there was no market for tobacco in small quantities, it was twisted together, cured and shared with his friends. He purchased some Cuban tobacco seed and planted them with his Virginia tobacco. Several years passed and the two tobaccos blended.

When the Virginia tobacco was grown in Florida soil, it was much thinner and lighter in color. Smith began saving the seed from the hybridized stalks. From these seeds, a new plant known as "Florida Wrapper" was developed. So began a tobacco industry at a time when the South was suffering from the low price of cotton.

Growing tobacco continued to be profitable until the beginning of the Civil War in 1861, even when the European markets were no longer available. Of course, during the war and the Reconstruction Era, very little tobacco was grown except for personal use. Those days were tremendously difficult, and recovery was a slow process. The post-war search for a money crop led to the resurgence of the tobacco culture. Through these experiments it was discovered that tobacco which was light in color and silky in texture demanded the highest prices. With more experimentation, shading the plants began. At first, wood slats were used, but these proved too heavy. Then they tried slats draped with cheesecloth to keep the plants from the light. Next came ribbed cheesecloth. Ultimately in 1950, the white cheesecloth was replaced with a treated, longer lasting, yellow cloth that provided perfect shade.

Colonel Henry DuVal, president of the Florida Central and Peninsular Railroad, shipped samples of Gadsden County tobacco to New York for leaf dealers and cigar manufacturers to inspect. Soon representatives of several companies came down from New York to purchase land for growing tobacco. There was such an influx of land purchases that a number of packing houses arose. This continued until 1970 when tobacco companies came under fire and demand diminished. Around 1970, growing tobacco declined substantially in Gadsden. The development of a homogenized cigar wrapper, the ever-increasing cost of production, the subsidizing of the tobacco culture in Central America by the U.S. government, and the increasing, negative legal climate against the tobacco industry have added to the demise of Gadsden's future in tobacco. The last crop of shade-grown cigar wrapper tobacco was grown in 1977.

Quincy then turned to its other crops, tomato, mushroom and egg farms. This continued until the close of Quincy's mushroom factory and massive layoff of workers at Quincy's tomato farm in 2008. Quincy now turns to its businesses and is attempting to build itself into a business-based district.[14]

Race relations[edit]


In 1929, Will Larkins was accused of an attack on a white 13 year old Quincy school girl, for which he was quickly indicted.[15] As Larkins was being transferred he was taken by a mob of 40 masked men from Sheriff Gregory of Gadsden county,[16] near Madison and Live Oak. When he was kidnapped by the mob he was being taken to the Duval county jail in a series of moves that newspapers claimed were for his safe keeping.[17] After his capture by the mob Larkins was carried back to Quincy, near the railroad grade crossing, shot to death and hanged with wire,[18] his body was then dragged through the street tied to an automobile and burned at the area where the mob thought the accused committed his crime.[19] Though Governor Carlton promised an inquiry and investigators were put on the case in late 1929, no mention of Will Larkins, except for the NAACP lynching lists of 1929, is made again in newspapers of the time. Larkins was the third man lynched in Florida that year.[20]

In 1941, A. C. Williams was accused of robbery and the attempted rape of a 12 year old white girl. The account of the details makes the accusation very improbable, but Williams did not live long enough to be tried for the crime. He was kidnapped from jail by a group of white men, and although they both shot him and hanged him, Williams survived. After learning he was alive, the sheriff formed a search party. His family was aware the sheriff had been involved in the lynching, and hid him. Williams needed medical attention and since the hospitals in the Quincy area would not treat a black person, he needed to be transported to Florida A&M University in Tallahassee. The following day a group of masked men kidnapped him from the ambulance and killed him. His body was dumped on his mother's porch.[21][22]

Resistance to Jim Crow[edit]

In the 1920s, blacks in Quincy including A. I. Dixie repeatedly tried to form political organizations and vote, and protest brutal labor conditions, but were suppressed by violence from whites. Dixie was flogged repeatedly for his efforts. Later, in 1964, Dixie hosted Congress of Racial Equality student activists, while his daughter Linda organized a sit-in, and Jewell Dixie became the first African American to run for Gadsden County Sheriff.[23][24]

All American City[edit]

In 1996, Quincy was recognized as an All American City.[25]


Quincy is located in central Gadsden County at 30°35′N 84°35′W / 30.583°N 84.583°W / 30.583; -84.583 (30.59, –84.58),[26] in the rolling hills of North Florida.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.9 square miles (20.5 km2), of which 0.02 square miles (0.04 km2), or 0.18%, is water.[27]


Climate data for Quincy, Florida, 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1968–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 92
Mean maximum °F (°C) 77.4
Average high °F (°C) 63.9
Daily mean °F (°C) 51.9
Average low °F (°C) 39.8
Mean minimum °F (°C) 22.9
Record low °F (°C) 4
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.81
Source: NOAA[28][29]


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[30]

2020 census[edit]

Quincy racial composition
(Hispanics excluded from racial categories)
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[31]
Race Number Percentage
Black or African American (NH) 4,860 60.98%
White (NH) 1,507 18.91%
Hispanic or Latino 1,422 17.84%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 5 0.06%
Asian (NH) 34 0.43%
Some Other Race (NH) 19 0.24%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 123 1.54%
Total 7,970

As of the 2020 United States census,[32] there were 7,970 people, 2,657 households, and 1,714 families residing in the city.

By age, the population was split as such: 6.7% were under 5 years old, 27.8% were under 18 years old, and 13.8% were 65 years and older. 49.5% of the population were female. There were 370 veterans living in Quincy and 11.2% of the population were foreign born persons.

The median value of owner-occupied housing units were $78,600. The median gross rent was $681. 76.3% of the households had a computer and 54.7% had a broadband internet subscription. 72.1% of the population 25 years and older were highschool graduates and 16.9% of that same population had a Bachelor's degree or higher. The median household income was $31,756. The per capita income in a 12 month period was $17,117. 43.6% of the population lived below the poverty threshold.

Arts and culture[edit]

Museums and other points of interest[edit]

Judge Pleasants Woodson (P. W.) White House

Several locations in Quincy have been included in the National Register of Historic Places, most within the boundary of the Quincy Historic District. They are:

The Gadsden Arts Center,[33] an AAM accredited art museum[34] housed in the renovated 1912 Bell & Bates hardware store, with rotating regional & national art exhibitions and a permanent collection of Vernacular Art, is also situated in the Quincy Historic District.

Also notable is the Leaf Theater, which is considered a "historic cinema treasure."[35] It is also said to be haunted.[36]

The North Florida Research and Education center is on Pat Thomas Parkway in Quincy.[37]

The Florida A&M Research and Extension Center is located on Old Bainbridge Road in the St. John community of Quincy.[38][39]


Quincy has two local papers that cover all of Gadsden County, The Gadsden County Times of Gadsden County and The Herald of the city of Havana, Florida.


James A. Shanks Middle School (formerly James A. Shanks High School)

The Gadsden County School District operates area public schools.

  • Carter-Parramore Academy School
  • Chattahoochee Elementary School
  • Crossroad Academy Charter School
  • Gadsden Central Academy School
  • Gadsden County High School
  • Gadsden Elementary Magnet School
  • Gadsden Technical Institute School
  • George W. Munroe Elementary School
  • Greensboro Elementary School
  • Havana Magnet School
  • James A. Shanks Middle School
  • Stewart Street Elementary School
  • West Gadsden Middle School

In 2003 James A. Shanks High School in Quincy and Havana Northside High School consolidated into East Gadsden High School.[40] In 2017 East Gadsden High became the only zoned high school in the county due to the consolidation of the high school section of West Gadsden High School into East Gadsden.[41]

Robert F. Munroe Day School, a K–12 private school which was founded as a segregation academy,[42] has its kindergarten campus, the Robert F. Munroe Day Kindergarten, in Quincy proper.[43] The main campus for grade 1–12 in nearby Mount Pleasant.[44]

The Gadsden County Public Library system operates the William A. "Bill" McGill Public Library.



Traffic signal at Stewart St. and Washington St. in Quincy

U.S. Route 90 (Jefferson Street) is the main highway through the city; US 90 leads southeast 24 miles (39 km) to Tallahassee and northwest 19 miles (31 km) to Chattahoochee. The city limits extend south to beyond Interstate 10, which passes 3 miles (5 km) south of the center of the city. I-10 leads east 22 miles (35 km) to Tallahassee and west 170 miles (270 km) to Pensacola.

Other highways in Quincy include SR 12, which leads 12 miles (19 km) to Havana and southwest 28 miles (45 km) to Bristol; SR 267, which leads north 8 miles (13 km) to the Georgia line and south 8 miles to Wetumpka; and SR 268, which leads southeast 11 miles (18 km) to Midway.


Shuttle-bus and van transportation between Quincy and Chattahoochee, Havana, and Tallahassee is provided by Big Bend Transit, which operates three routes serving the area.[45]


Freight service is provided by the Florida Gulf & Atlantic Railroad, which acquired most of the former CSX main line from Pensacola to Jacksonville on June 1, 2019.


Quincy Municipal Airport is a public-use airport located 2 miles (3.2 km) northeast of the central business district.


Quincy investors were largely responsible for the development of its local Coca-Cola company into a worldwide conglomerate. Quincy was once rumored to be home to many millionaires due to the Coca-Cola boom. Mark Welch “Mr Pat” Munroe, a local banker, father of 18 children by two wives, and W.C. Bradley were among the stockholders of three of the banks that released 500,000 shares of new Coca-Cola common stock. They urged widows and farmers to invest for $40 each, and several did.[46][47][48][49][50][51] Eventually that stock split, and made as many as 67 accounted-for investors and Gadsden County residents rich. A single share of Coca-Cola stock bought in 1919 for $40 would be worth $6.4 million today, if all dividends had been reinvested.[6]

Notable people[edit]



  1. ^ "The City of Quincy Florida Website". The City of Quincy Florida Website. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
  2. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 31, 2021.
  3. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. ^ a b "Profile for Quincy, Florida, FL". ePodunk. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
  7. ^ "Quincy Male Academy". The Floridian. Tallahassee, Florida. January 18, 1840. p. 1.
  8. ^ Edwards, R. I., principal (January 18, 1840). "Quincy Female Academy". The Floridian. Tallahassee, Florida. p. 1.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  9. ^ "Florida Historical Quarterly". Florida Historical Society. March 2, 1942 – via Google Books.
  10. ^ Knauss, James Owen (March 2, 1926). "Territorial Florida journalism". The Florida state historical society – via Google Books.
  11. ^ Reiger, John F. (April 1968). "Secession of Florida from the Union - a Minority Decision?". The Florida Historical Quarterly. 46 (4): 358. Retrieved July 10, 2023.
  12. ^ Coddington, Ronald S. (January–February 1993). "Western Theater". Military Images. 14 (4): 23–30. JSTOR 44032491. Retrieved February 16, 2023.
  13. ^ Taylor, Robert (1986). "Cow Cavalry: Munnerlyn's Battalion in Florida, 1864-1865". Florida Historical Quarterly. 65 (2): 196–214. JSTOR 30146741.
  14. ^ State Library and Archives of Florida. "Florida Memory - Workers harvesting wrapper tobacco - Quincy, Florida". Florida Memory.
  15. ^ "QUINCY NEGRO IN JAIL HERE" Tallahassee Democrat, November 8, 1929, Fri. • p. 1; "GIRL ATTACKED ON WAY TO HOME" The Miami Herald, November 9, 1929, Sat., p. 3.
  16. ^ "LARKINS WAS TAKEN FROM SHERIFF ON WAY TO JAX" Pensacola News Journal, November 10, 1929, Sun. • p. 1.
  17. ^ "QUINCY NEGRO IN JAIL HERE" Tallahassee Democrat, November 8, 1929, Fri. • p. 1.
  18. ^ "NEGRO LYNCHED IN FLORIDA BY MOB" Albuquerque Journal, November 10, 1929, Sun. • p. 1.
  19. ^ "Lynch Negro Charged With Attack on 12 Year Old Girl" The Tribune, Scranton, Pennsylvania, November 11, 1929, Mon., p. 1.
  20. ^ "Carlton Promies Inquiry" The Tampa Tribune, November 12, 1929, Tue., p. 1.
  21. ^ Hobbs, Tameka Bradley. ""Hitler Is Here": Lynching in Florida during the Era of World War II". Retrieved November 30, 2017.
  22. ^ Hobbs, Tameka (2016). Democracy Abroad, Lynching at Home: Racial Violence in Florida. ISBN 9780813062396.
  23. ^ Ortiz, Paul (November 30, 2001). "African-American Resistance to Jim Crow in the South".
  24. ^ Granade, Ray (July 1976). "Slave Unrest in Florida" (PDF). Florida Historical Quarterly: 18–36.
  25. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on November 4, 2013. Retrieved November 1, 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  26. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  27. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Quincy city, Florida". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 21, 2016.[dead link]
  28. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  29. ^ "Summary of Monthly Normals 1991-2020". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  30. ^ "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decades". US Census Bureau.
  31. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved March 5, 2022.
  32. ^ "QuickFacts Quincy city, Florida". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 1, 2023.
  33. ^ "Gadsden Arts Center & Museum > Home". www.gadsdenarts.org.
  34. ^ "Accredited Museums". Archived from the original on March 14, 2016. Retrieved March 9, 2016.
  35. ^ Quincy Music Theatre. Cinema Treasures. Accessed 2013-03-04.
  36. ^ "Quincy Leaf Theater/The Quincy Music Theater - Real Quincy Haunted Place". FloridaHauntedHouses.com. Retrieved March 3, 2023.
  37. ^ "North Florida Research and Education Center". University of Florida. Retrieved March 3, 2023.
  38. ^ "FAMU Farm - College of Agriculture and Food Sciences". Archived from the original on June 26, 2019. Retrieved July 5, 2019.
  39. ^ FAMU invites visitors to tour Quincy Farm, June 8, 2015, Tallahassee Democrat
  40. ^ Miller, Brian (January 30, 2017). "Striplin goes from West Gadsden to East, schools likely to consolidate". Tallahassee Democrat. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
  41. ^ Jiwanmall, Stephen (April 4, 2017). "Gadsden County Schools to Consolidate in 2017-18". WTXL. Retrieved April 6, 2017.
  42. ^ Glenda Alice Rabby, The Pain and the Promise: The Struggle for Civil Rights in Tallahassee, Florida, Athens, Ga., University of Georgia Press, 1999, ISBN 082032051X, p. 255.
  43. ^ "Robert F. Munroe Day School 91 Old Mt. Pleasant Road Quincy, Florida 32352" and "Robert F. Munroe Day Kindergarten 1800 West King Street Quincy, Florida 32351"
  44. ^ "About Us Archived 2017-03-17 at the Wayback Machine." Robert F. Munroe Day School. Retrieved on June 5, 2017. "Founded in 1969 in Mt. Pleasant, Florida, the campus[...]" and "91 Old Mt. Pleasant Rd. Quincy FL, 32352"
  45. ^ "Big Bend Transit | COORDINATED TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM OF GADSDEN COUNTY". www.bigbendtransit.org. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  46. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on April 18, 2014. Retrieved June 22, 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  47. ^ Gary McKechnie (January 26, 2017). "The Coca-Cola Millionaires of Quincy, Florida". visitflorida.com.
  48. ^ "Quincy Florida: America's Coke Habit Made The Town Rich". Florida Back Roads Travel.
  49. ^ "Quincy's Drink of Choice". tallahasseemagazine.com. Archived from the original on June 10, 2015. Retrieved June 22, 2013.
  50. ^ "Quincy Florida: America's Coke Habit Made The Town Rich". Florida Backroads Travel.
  51. ^ "Coke millions fortify a town Shareholders: The Coca-Cola stock that some Quincy, Fla., tobacco farmers bought 74 years ago is still held today by the town's "Coke millionaires," whose generosity has made Quincy a better place to live". Baltimore Sun.
  52. ^ Stewart, Zan. "Born to swing: Nat Adderley Jr. returns to his roots", The Star-Ledger, September 10, 2009. Accessed September 10, 2009.
  53. ^ The Lady Chablis Sassy Transgender Figure in Savannah Book, Movie Dies at-59." Washington Post, Sept. 9, 2016. Retrieved on September 12, 2016.

External links[edit]