Quincy (comic strip)
|Launch date||July 13, 1970|
|End date||October 4, 1986|
|Syndicate(s)||King Features Syndicate|
Quincy is an American syndicated newspaper comic strip published from July 13, 1970 to October 4, 1986, created and produced by cartoonist Ted Shearer. The series, about an African-American boy being raised by his grandmother in Harlem, was one of the earliest mainstream comic strips to star an African American in the lead role, following Dateline: Danger! (1968-1974) and Luther (1969-1986). Another predecessor, Wee Pals (1965- ), features an African-American among an ensemble cast of different races and ethnicities.
The comic strip Quincy, starring a 9-  or 10-year-old African-American title character being raised by his grandmother in Manhattan's Harlem neighborhood, debuted on June 13 or June 17, 1970 (sources differ), syndicated to newspapers by King Features Syndicate. Creator Ted Shearer, born in Jamaica, himself grew up in Harlem, although by the time he created Quincy he was living in Westchester County, immediately north of New York City. Upon launching the comic strip, Shearer left his 15-year position as an art director at the large advertising agency BBDO.
Shearer had previously sold single-panel gag cartoons to King Features' Laff-a-Day feature. After a chance commuter-train meeting with King Features artist Bill Gilmartin, where Shearer showed some of his work and noted that his cartoons had been published in The Saturday Evening Post, Collier's and other magazines, an impressed Gilmartin brought Shearer's work to wider attention at the syndicate.
The strip ended in 1986, upon Shearer's retirement.
Quincy appeared in at least a half-dozen comic-book stories, most of them written and drawn by Shearer. These appeared in three comics: King Features' school-distributed King Reading Library #R-01 (1973), the premiere of a series that took previously published content and rewrote it in simpler language for young readers or those with limited reading skills; King Features' free, promotional one-shot Let's Read the Newspaper (1974); and King Features' and General Electric's free, educational one-shot Quincy Looks Into His Future.
Source unless otherwise noted:
- Quincy, a young boy living in Harlem, at just above the poverty line
- Li'l Bo', his younger brother
- Granny Dixon, their grandmother, who is raising them
- Viola, Quincy's girlfriend
- Nickles, Quincy's Caucasian best friend
- Sneeze, an African-American friend who wears glasses (see illustration)
Cartoon historian Bill Crouch, Jr. wrote that Shearer
used Quincy to be ever optimistic and upbeat, with a sunny outlook and a white best friend [who] was a parody of the cliche, "Some of my best friends are black."... Quincy was blessed with artwork of strong design and a creative use of ziptone. Visually, it jumped off the page at the reader. During its sixteen years in syndication, Quincy, along with Morrie Turner's Wee Pals and Brumsic Brandon, Jr.'s Luther, paved the way for the current generation of successfully syndicated African-American cartoonists.
Another comics historian, Don Markstein, said the strip
wasn't preachy, the way pioneers of this type often wear their virtue on their sleeves. ... Shearer's characters were identifiably minorities in lifestyle as well as skin tones, and often derived gags from the fact, but weren't vocal advocates of change. Mostly, they were just a bunch of kids who got along together and didn't give much thought to their racial identity.
- Holtz, Allan (2012). American Newspaper Comics: An Encyclopedic Reference Guide. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press. p. 325. ISBN 9780472117567.
- See illustration: Quincy daily strip of March 8, 1971
- Reynolds, Moira Davison (2003). Comic Strip Artists in American Newspapers, 1945-1980. McFarland. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-7864-1551-9.
- Crouch, Bill Jr., in Horn, Maurice, ed. (1996). 100 Years of American Newspaper Comics. New York York: Gramercy Books. p. 253. ISBN 0-517-12447-5.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Markstein, Don. "Quincy". Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on 2014-05-10.
- "Ted Shearer, 73, Dies; Cartoonist for 'Quincy'". The New York Times. December 30, 1992. Retrieved 2014-05-10.
- Ted Shearer at the Grand Comics Database. Retrieved on March 21, 2015.
- King Reading Library at the Grand Comics Database. Retrieved on March 21, 2015.
- Lynch, Mike (August 28, 2008). "Quincy by Ted Shearer". Mike Lynch Cartoons. Archived from the original on August 10, 2012. Retrieved 2014-05-10.
- Mason, Tom (May 9, 2012). "Forgotten Comics: Quincy by Ted Shearer". Comix 411 (Gear Live Media). Archived from the original on October 7, 2012. Retrieved 2014-05-10.
- McLeod, Susanna (June 15, 2007). "Ted Shearer, Groundbreaker for Black Cartoonists". TheCartoonists.ca. Archived from the original on November 30, 2010. Retrieved 2014-05-10.