Quincy Method

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The Quincy Method, also known as the Quincy Plan, or the Quincy system of learning, was a child-centred, progressive approach to education developed by Francis W. Parker, then superintendent of schools in Quincy, Massachusetts in 1875.[1]

Parker, a pioneer of the progressive school movement, rejected the traditional rigid school routine, exemplified by rote learning and the spelling-book method, and even stated that the spelling book should be burned,[2] although he did favour oral spelling. Emphasis was instead placed on social skills and self-expression through cultural activities and physical training, as well as teacher-prepared materials, experience-based learning and children's own writing.

A survey by the Massachusetts State Board of Education published four years later showed that Quincy students excelled at reading, writing, and spelling, and ranked fourth in their county in math.[3]

When in 1883 Parker became principal of the Cook County Normal School in Chicago,[4] he developed the Method further, introducing teacher training based on modern educational methods.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Quincy Plan. (2008). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved November 20, 2008, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: [1]
  2. ^ The New York Times November 13, 1880. Retrieved November 20, 2008
  3. ^ Koegel, R. "Partnership Education and Nonviolent Communication" Retrieved November 23, 2008 [2]
  4. ^ The New York Times July 5, 1883. Retrieved November 23, 2008