|"First Furlough" by Quincy Tahoma, 1943 .|
|Two Ponies Running, 1952.|
Quincy Tahoma (1921–1956) was a Navajo painter from Arizona and New Mexico.
As a young boy he became familiar with many religious and traditional chants and rituals. He also was known for creating "sand paintings." As a boy he spent much of his time hunting and fishing, whereas later in life, he drew much of his artistic inspiration from his boyhood experiences.
Santa Fe (Dorothy Dunn Studio)
Tahoma studied art in Santa Fe, New Mexico from 1936 to 1940, where he attended the Santa Fe Indian School. Tahoma was one of many Navajo painters of the most successful artists to be trained by Dorothy Dunn at the Studio, at the Santa Fe Indian School. Other Navajo painters in that program at the time included Harrison Begay, Gerald Nailor, Sr. and Andy Tsinajinnie.
Early in his career, his paintings were serene and soothing in tone, but increasingly they had subject matter of bloody wars and men killing animals. In retrospect, Tahoma's subjects were traditional Indian pursuits such as riding, fishing, and hunting, and he also painted distinctive landscape scenes.
He was known for his brilliant colors and precise lines along with the two-dimensional disposition of his work reflected the nature of American Indian painting in the American Southwest at that time. His imaginative style and elegant designs distinguished him from his peers. Rather than posing his subjects in a static manner, Tahoma painted them in action. For early 20th-century, studio-taught painting, Tahoma incorporated more action and varied techniques in his work.
“One of the most dynamic, imaginative and gifted of Southwest Indian artists was Quincy Tahoma. He also revealed in his works the extreme rhythm and decorative feelings that are essentially Indian. Tahoma lived the life of an average Navajo boy, herding sheep and riding horseback,” wrote art historian Clara Lee Tanner.
Tahoma spent most of his life in Santa Fe, working on hundreds of paintings over two decades from the mid-1930s to 1956 as a Navajo painter and muralist. It is of much debate if Quincy Tahoma was also one of the Navajo Code talkers, who played such a critical part in the winning of World War II in the Pacific. It is believed to some that Tahoma joined the armed forces and served in the Signal Corps during World War II and that after the war, he returned to the Navajo Reservation and became a successful artist.
His work is in the public collections of the following institutions:
- National Cowboy and Western Heritage Museum
- Cantor Arts Center, Stanford University
- National Museum of the American Indian
- San Diego Museum of Art
- Fred Jones Jr. Museum of Art
- Philbrook Museum of Art
- Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology
He died of alcoholism in November 1956 in Santa Fe. He left behind a tremendous legacy of art that is still remembered by those familiar with the field. Due in large measure to his premature death, Tahoma's contribution to Native American art, as well as the triumphs and tragedies in his life, have remained somewhat invisible to the generations that followed.
- Alexander, John (January 15, 1959). "Britannica Junior Honors Tahoma". Santa Fe New Mexican.
- Quincy (Water Edge) Tahoma (1921–1956). AskArt. (retrieved 18 May 2009)
- Bernstein, Bruce, and W. Jackson Rushing. Modern by tradition: American Indian painting in the studio style. Santa Fe : Museum of New Mexico Press, 1995.
- Baderscher, Vera Marie , and Charnell Havens. "Quincy Tahoma of Santa Fe ." American Indian Art Magazine. 2006: 48-57.