Quinlan, Texas

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Quinlan, Texas

City Quinlan1.JPG

Quinlan, Texas2.jpg
Location of Quinlan, Texas
Location of Quinlan, Texas
Hunt County Quinlan.svg
Coordinates: 32°54′32″N 96°7′58″W / 32.90889°N 96.13278°W / 32.90889; -96.13278Coordinates: 32°54′32″N 96°7′58″W / 32.90889°N 96.13278°W / 32.90889; -96.13278
Country United States
State Texas
County Hunt
Area
 • Total 1.2 sq mi (3.2 km2)
 • Land 1.2 sq mi (3.2 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 512 ft (156 m)
Population (2013)
 • Total 1,396
 • Density 1,163.3/sq mi (436.25/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 75474
Area code(s) 903
FIPS code 48-60140[1]
GNIS feature ID 1344664[2]

Quinlan is a rural city in the southern part of Hunt County, Texas, United States founded by H.E. Cotten located within the US Government designated Dallas–Fort Worth metropolitan area. It is also relatively close to Lake Tawakoni.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Quinlan, Texas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 56.7
(13.7)
60.1
(15.6)
68.7
(20.4)
78.0
(25.6)
83.5
(28.6)
90.6
(32.6)
95.7
(35.4)
95.7
(35.4)
87.5
(30.8)
79.9
(26.6)
68.4
(20.2)
58.9
(14.9)
76.98
(24.98)
Average low °F (°C) 34.2
(1.2)
35.7
(2.1)
44.5
(6.9)
55.7
(13.2)
62.1
(16.7)
68.6
(20.3)
72.3
(22.4)
71.2
(21.8)
65.0
(18.3)
55.1
(12.8)
44.7
(7.1)
37.3
(2.9)
53.9
(12.2)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.8
(46)
2.7
(69)
2.8
(71)
5.1
(130)
4.8
(122)
2.8
(71)
2.2
(56)
2.3
(58)
4.9
(124)
4.5
(114)
2.8
(71)
2.9
(74)
39.5
(1,003)
Source: Weatherbase[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 362
1910 537 48.3%
1920 580 8.0%
1930 512 −11.7%
1940 677 32.2%
1950 599 −11.5%
1960 621 3.7%
1970 844 35.9%
1980 1,002 18.7%
1990 1,360 35.7%
2000 1,370 0.7%
2010 1,394 1.8%
Est. 2015 1,439 [4] 3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,370 people, 558 households, and 364 families residing in the city. Population density was 1,098.0 people per square mile (423.2/km²). There were 617 housing units at an average density of 494.5 per square mile (190.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.04% White, 0.66% African American, 0.58% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 2.34% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.18% of the population.

There were 558 households out of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.5% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 84.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $76,472, and the median income for a family was $75,635. Males had a median income of $74,688 versus $1,190 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,122. About 8.3% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.9% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

"Quinlan was first known as Roberts, after Texas governor O. M. Roberts, who on October 26, 1882, sold 100 acres (0.40 km2) of land in southern Hunt County to the Texas Central Railroad. This land, "situated between the South and Caddo forks on the Sabine River," served as the location of the new town of Roberts, to which the Northeastern Branch of the Texas Central built. The line was reorganized as the Texas Midland Railroad in 1886 by Hetty Green, a bondholder in the defunct railroad, and the new road extended its track northward from Roberts through Greenville to Paris by 1894. In 1892 Edward H. R. Green, Hetty Green's son and president of the Texas Midland, abandoned Roberts as a depot and established a new depot town, Quinlan, 1½ miles north of the older community. The new community took its name from George Austin Quinlan, vice president and general manager of the Houston and Texas Central Railway.

Settlers moved quickly into Quinlan. Some of the earliest, including John M. Cook and R. K. Epperson, moved their businesses from Roberts. The settlement received a post office in 1894, and by 1900 its population had reached 362. This growth, no doubt induced by the presence of the railroad, continued through the first quarter of the twentieth century. In 1904 463 persons lived in Quinlan. The number rose to 537 by 1910 and 600 by 1914, when Quinlan had twenty businesses, including a bank and a weekly newspaper. In 1925 this "retail trade center for southern Hunt, northern Kaufman and Van Zandt counties" had an elementary school, a high school, and thirty-five businesses and managed a cotton harvest of some 5,000 bales. In 1933 Quinlan had 512 residents and thirty businesses; in 1952 the population of 599 supported twenty-five businesses; in 1964 the community had 621 persons and twenty-two businesses. After the mid-1960s Quinlan grew considerably, largely due to its proximity to Lake Tawakoni. Quinlan had a population of 900 in 1976 and 1,002 in 1988, when it had fifty-one businesses. In 1990 the population was 1,360."[6]

Education[edit]

The city of Quinlan is served by Quinlan Independent School District.

Boles Home[edit]

Boles Home is a large children's home, supported by the Church of Christ, and located a few miles north of Quinlan. The home was originally founded as a home for foster children in 1924 by Mary Boles and William Foster. Today, it serves foster children, at-risk youth, and single mothers.[7] The home also has its own separate school district (Boles Independent School District) from Quinlan.

Economy[edit]

Quinlan is very developed for a small city. The city is among one of the smallest cities that has a full sized Walmart Supercenter. In addition to this, a full sized Brookshires grocery store, along with other shops and stores are located in Quinlan.The city also has a number of fast food chains and other restaurants.

Health Care[edit]

Hunt Regional Medical Center operates a family practice physician's office in Quinlan and a full service medical emergency center. Also, there are multiple dental offices in Quinlan.

Transportation[edit]

State Highway 34 in Quinlan
  • Texas 34.svg Texas State Highway 34 is a north to south route that goes through the center of Quinlan. It connects with Terrell to the south and Greenville to the north.
  • Texas 276.svg Texas State Highway 276 is an east to west route that is known locally as Quinlan Parkway. It connects with Rockwall to the west and Emory to the east.
  • Texas Loop 264.svg Texas State Highway Loop 264 runs from downtown Quinlan connecting highway 276 and highway 34.
  • Texas FM 751.svg Farm to Market Road 751 heads south towards Wills Point.
  • Texas FM 2101.svg Farm to Market Road 2101 is a few miles outside of Quinlan at Boles Home. It heads north Towards L-3 and Airport Sign.svg Majors Airport in Greenville.
  • A municipal airport called Airport Sign.svg Rockin' M Airport is located a few miles outside of Quinlan near Boles Home on FM 2101 and Airport Sign.svg Majors Airport is roughly 20 minutes away in nearby Greenville.[8]
  • A public transit called The Connection serves Quinlan and all of Hunt County. The transit operates Monday through Friday from 7am-7pm. Reservations have to be made one day in advance and the transit charges $2 ($4 round trip) if the passanger is traveling to a place within the same community or city, and $3 ($6 round trip) if the passanger is traveling from one city or community to another. Also, the transit will take Hunt County residents to Dallas, this is offered round trip only, passengers are charged $34, and a minimum of three passangers is also required.[9]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Quinlan, Texas". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "," (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hjq02 (accessed January 02, 2013).
  7. ^ DAVID, MINOR,. "BOLES HOME". tshaonline.org. Retrieved 2016-04-04. 
  8. ^ "Rockin' M Airport, Quinlan, TX - Grass Roots Aviation at its best!". www.t14airport.com. Retrieved 2016-04-28. 
  9. ^ "SCRPT - Transportation". www.connectioninfo.org. Retrieved 2016-05-28.