Quinlan, Texas

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Quinlan, Texas

City Quinlan1.JPG

Quinlan, Texas2.jpg
Location of Quinlan, Texas
Location of Quinlan, Texas
Hunt County Quinlan.svg
Coordinates: 32°54′32″N 96°7′58″W / 32.90889°N 96.13278°W / 32.90889; -96.13278Coordinates: 32°54′32″N 96°7′58″W / 32.90889°N 96.13278°W / 32.90889; -96.13278
Country United States
State Texas
County Hunt
Area
 • Total 1.32 sq mi (3.43 km2)
 • Land 1.32 sq mi (3.43 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 512 ft (156 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,394
 • Estimate (2016) 1,470
 • Density 1,111/sq mi (428.8/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 75474
Area code(s) 903
FIPS code 48-60140[1]
GNIS feature ID 1344664[2]

Quinlan is a rural city in the southern part of Hunt County, Texas, United States, within the Dallas–Fort Worth metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 1,394.[3] It is 5 miles (8 km) west of Lake Tawakoni.

Geography[edit]

Quinlan is in southern Hunt County. Texas State Highway 34 passes through the eastern side of the city, leading north 16 miles (26 km) to Greenville, the county seat, and southwest the same distance to Terrell. Highway 276 passes through Quinlan as its Main Street, leading east across Lake Tawakoni 22 miles (35 km) to Emory and west 20 miles (32 km) to Rockwall. Downtown Dallas is 42 miles (68 km) west of Quinlan.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Quinlan has an area of 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2), all of it land.[3]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Quinlan, Texas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 56.7
(13.7)
60.1
(15.6)
68.7
(20.4)
78.0
(25.6)
83.5
(28.6)
90.6
(32.6)
95.7
(35.4)
95.7
(35.4)
87.5
(30.8)
79.9
(26.6)
68.4
(20.2)
58.9
(14.9)
77
(25)
Average low °F (°C) 34.2
(1.2)
35.7
(2.1)
44.5
(6.9)
55.7
(13.2)
62.1
(16.7)
68.6
(20.3)
72.3
(22.4)
71.2
(21.8)
65.0
(18.3)
55.1
(12.8)
44.7
(7.1)
37.3
(2.9)
53.9
(12.2)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.8
(46)
2.7
(69)
2.8
(71)
5.1
(130)
4.8
(122)
2.8
(71)
2.2
(56)
2.3
(58)
4.9
(124)
4.5
(114)
2.8
(71)
2.9
(74)
39.5
(1,003)
Source: Weatherbase[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900362
191053748.3%
19205808.0%
1930512−11.7%
194067732.2%
1950599−11.5%
19606213.7%
197084435.9%
19801,00218.7%
19901,36035.7%
20001,3700.7%
20101,3941.8%
Est. 20161,470[5]5.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,370 people, 558 households, and 364 families residing in the city. Population density was 1,098.0 people per square mile (423.2/km²). There were 617 housing units at an average density of 494.5 per square mile (190.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.04% White, 0.66% African American, 0.58% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 2.34% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.18% of the population.

There were 558 households out of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.5% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the city, the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.3 males.

The city's median household income was $76,472, and the median family income was $75,635. Males had a median income of $74,688 versus $1,190 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,122. About 8.3% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.9% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

Quinlan was first known as "Roberts", after Texas governor Oran Milo Roberts, who on October 26, 1882, sold 100 acres (0.40 km2) of land in southern Hunt County to the Texas Central Railroad. This land, situated between Caddo Creek and the South Fork of the Sabine River, served as the location of the new town of Roberts, to which the Northeastern Branch of the Texas Central built. The line was reorganized as the Texas Midland Railroad in 1886 by Hetty Green, a bondholder in the defunct railroad, and the new road extended its track northward from Roberts through Greenville to Paris by 1894. In 1892 Edward H. R. Green, Hetty Green's son and president of the Texas Midland, abandoned Roberts as a depot and established a new depot town, Quinlan, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) north of the older community. The new community took its name from George Austin Quinlan, vice president and general manager of the Houston and Texas Central Railway.

Settlers moved quickly into Quinlan. Some of the earliest, including John M. Cook and R. K. Epperson, moved their businesses from Roberts. The settlement received a post office in 1894, and by 1900 its population had reached 362. This growth, no doubt induced by the presence of the railroad, continued through the first quarter of the twentieth century. In 1904 463 persons lived in Quinlan. The number rose to 537 by 1910 and 600 by 1914, when Quinlan had twenty businesses, including a bank and a weekly newspaper. In 1925 this "retail trade center for southern Hunt, northern Kaufman and Van Zandt counties" had an elementary school, a high school, and 35 businesses, and managed a cotton harvest of some 5,000 bales. In 1933 Quinlan had 512 residents and thirty businesses; in 1952 the population of 599 supported 25 businesses; in 1964 the community had 621 persons and 22 businesses. After the mid-1960s Quinlan grew considerably, largely due to its proximity to Lake Tawakoni. Quinlan had a population of 900 in 1976 and 1,002 in 1988, when it had 51 businesses. In 1990 the population was 1,360.[7]

Education[edit]

The city is served by Quinlan Independent School District.

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Quinlan has a full-sized Walmart Supercenter and a full-sized Brookshires grocery store, along with other shops and stores. The city also has a number of fast food chains and other restaurants.

Health Care[edit]

Hunt Regional Medical Center operates a family practice physician's office in Quinlan and a full service medical emergency center. There are multiple dental offices in Quinlan.

Transportation[edit]

State Highway 34 in Quinlan

Public transit is provided by The Connection, which serves Quinlan and all of Hunt County. The service operates Monday through Friday from 7 am to 7 pm. Reservations have to be made one day in advance. The charge is $2 ($4 round trip) if the passenger is traveling to a place within the same community or city, and $3 ($6 round trip) if the passenger is traveling from one city or community to another within Hunt County. The Connection will take Hunt County residents to Dallas as a round trip only. Passengers are charged $34, and a minimum of three passengers is also required.[9]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Quinlan city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 20, 2018. 
  4. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Quinlan, Texas". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "," (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hjq02 (accessed January 02, 2013).
  8. ^ "Rockin' M Airport, Quinlan, TX - Grass Roots Aviation at its best!". www.t14airport.com. Retrieved 2016-04-28. 
  9. ^ "SCRPT - Transportation". www.connectioninfo.org. Retrieved 2016-05-28.