|Joaquín Salvador Lavado|
Quino in Paris in 2004.
July 17, 1932 |
Joaquín Salvador Lavado, better known by his pen name Quino (Spanish: [ˈkino]; born 17 July 1932), is an Argentine cartoonist. His comic strip Mafalda (which ran from 1964 to 1973) is very popular in Latin America and many parts of Europe.
Joaquín Salvador Lavado was born in Mendoza, Argentina, on 17 July 1932. He was called "Quino" since childhood, to distinguish him from his uncle, the illustrator Joaquín, who helped to awaken his vocation of cartooning at an early age. In 1945, after the death of his mother, he enrolled and started his studies at Escuela de Bellas Artes de Mendoza. Shortly after, his father died when Quino was 16 years old; a year later he abandoned his studies, with the intent to become a cartoonist. Soon he would sell his first illustration, an advertisement for a fabric store.
His first humor page was published in the weekly magazine Esto Es, which led to the publication of other works in many other magazines: Leoplán, TV Guía, Vea y Lea, Damas y Damitas, Usted, Panorama, Adán, Atlántida, Che, el diario Democracia, etc.
In 1954, his cartoons became regulars in Rico Tipo, Tía Vicenta and Dr. Merengue. After this, he started to make more advertisement illustrations. On 21 May 2014, he was given the Premio Príncipe de Asturias de Comunicación y Humanidades. This prize was validated on 25 October of the same year, 2014, when he received a statuette designed by the painter and sculptor Joan Miró.
His first compilation book, Mundo Quino, was published in 1963, while he was developing pages for a covert advertising campaign for Mansfield, an electrical household appliance company, for which he created the character of Mafalda. The advertising campaign was never executed, which led to the publication of Mafalda’s first story to be published in Leoplán, after this, it started to be published regularly in the weekly magazine Primera Plana, since the director of the magazine was a friend of Quino. Between 1965 and 1967 it was published in the newspaper El Mundo; soon after the first compilation book is published, it starts to be edited in Italy, Spain (due to the censorship, it is tagged as “only for adults”), Portugal and many others.
After abandoning the story of Mafalda on 25 June 1973, due to a lack of new ideas – according to him – Quino moved to Milán, from where he continued to create humor pages. In 1976, the character Mafalda was chosen by UNICEF to be a spokesperson for the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Mafalda is still translated in book collections. Argentine director Daniel Mallo translated 260 Mafalda strips into 90-second cartoons that aired in Argentina, starting in 1972.
In 2008, by initiative of the Museo del Dibujo y la Ilustración and under the curator Mercedes Casanegra, the company Subterráneos de Buenos Aires created two murals of Mafalda in the estación Perú in the Plaza de Mayo. In 2009, Quino participated with an original work of Mafalda, created for El Mundo, in the Bicentennial: 200 years of Graphic Humor that the Museo del Dibujo y la Ilustración held in the Museo Eduardo Sívori of Buenos Aires.
While Mafalda continued to be used for human rights campaigns in Argentina and abroad, Quino dedicated himself to writing other editorial-style comics. The comics were published in Argentina and abroad. Since 1982, the Argentine newspaper Clarín has published his cartoons weekly.
After visiting Cuban cartoon director Juan Padrón, the two produced a series of cartoons. Between 1986 and 1988, they made six Quinoscopio cartoons through the Instituto Cubano del Arte e Industrias Cinematográficos, none of which were longer than six minutes. In addition, the pair worked on 104 short Mafalda cartoons in 1994. While Mafalda concentrated on children and their innocent, realistic view of the world, his later comics featured ordinary people with ordinary feelings. The humor is characteristically cynical, often poking fun of real-life situations, such as marriage, technology, authority and food, it is possibly one of the main reasons for his success throughout Latin America and much of the world outside Latin America, which explains why his cartoons of aporteñado Argentine topic of the 1960s and 1970s have been edited and translated into many different languages apart the original Rioplatense Spanish. Collected in numerous volumes by Argentine publisher Ediciones de la Flor, these comics are readily available.
In 1960, he married Alicia Colombo, and the couple never had children. Starting in 1976, Quino and his wife lived in exile in Milan, Italy, for several years before returning to Argentina. He is an agnostic.
Prizes and honors
- The kind of ideas that he works with are one of the most difficult, and I am amazed at their variety and depth. Also, he knows how to draw, and to draw in a funny way. I think that he is a giant. — Charles M. Schulz
Quino has won many international prizes and honors throughout his career. In 1982, Quino was chosen Cartoonist of the Year by fellow cartoonists around the world, and has won twice the Konex Platinum Prize for Visual Arts. In 1988, he was named an "Illustrious Citizen" of Mendoza. In 2000 he received the second Quevedos Prize for graphical humor. In March 2014 he was awarded the French Legion of Honour. Additionally, Buenos Aires' Colegiales neighborhood named their plaza Plaza Mafalda.
Quino was also awarded in 2014 the Prince of Asturias award in recognition of his work, 50 years after creating the character of Mafalda. He received the prize from the hands of the King Felipe VI of Spain on October 24, 2014 in a ceremony in Oviedo, Spain.
- "Quino: 'Leo chistes que dibujé hace 30 años que siguen de actualidad' | Andalucía". Elmundo.es. Retrieved 2016-04-10.
- "Quino". Silent Satire. Archived from the original on 2010-04-15. Retrieved 2016-04-10.
- Luciana Palacios. "Mafalda, a 50 years old little girl". The Munich Eye. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
- "Evita, Gardel, Maradona y...Mafalda | Cultura | EL PAÍS". Elpais.com. Retrieved 2016-04-10.
- ""Quino, on the Funny Side of Freedom"". Archived from the original on June 23, 2009. Retrieved June 8, 2009. , The UNESCO Courier, interview with Lucía Iglesias Kuntz, June/July 2000, Retrieved June 8, 2009
- "Declaración de los Derechos del Niño", Amnesty International, Retrieved June 7, 2009
- "Juan Padrón". IMDb.com. Retrieved June 8, 2009.
- "Quino: A los argentinos les atrae el fútbol por la misma razón que no les atraen las cosas importantes". Diariouno.com.ar. Retrieved 2016-04-10.
- "Collections by Subject | Special Collections | Library | Vanderbilt University". Library.vanderbilt.edu. Retrieved 2016-04-10.
- "Bande dessinée. Quino, le père de Mafalda, reçoit la Légion d'honneur". Ouest-france.fr (in French). 2014-03-22. Retrieved 2016-04-10.
- "El Congreso distingue a Quino | Ministerio de Cultura - Presidencia de la Nación". Cultura.gob.ar (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016-04-10.
- "Senado Argentina on Twitter: "[FOTO] Quino en el @SenadoArgentina al recibir la Mención de Honor "Senador Domingo Faustino Sarmiento" "". Twitter. 2014-05-28. Retrieved 2016-04-10.
- "Mafalda's creator 'Quino' wins Prince of Asturias Award". Buenos Aires Herald. 21 May 2014. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
- Quino's official webpage (Spanish)