Quinton, Birmingham

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Quinton
Ward
Hagley Road West - geograph.org.uk - 195183.jpg
Hagley Road West, Quinton
Quinton is located in West Midlands county
Quinton
Quinton
Location within the West Midlands
Population24,174 (2011 Ward)[1]
OS grid referenceSO990846
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBirmingham
Postcode districtB32
Post townOldbury
Postcode districtB68
Dialling code0121
PoliceWest Midlands
FireWest Midlands
AmbulanceWest Midlands
UK Parliament
Councillors
List of places
UK
England
West Midlands
52°28′N 2°00′W / 52.46°N 2.00°W / 52.46; -2.00Coordinates: 52°28′N 2°00′W / 52.46°N 2.00°W / 52.46; -2.00

Quinton, is a residential area and ward of Birmingham, England just under 5 miles (8 km) west of the city centre. Formerly part of Halesowen parish, Quinton became part of Birmingham in 1909. Quinton was a village and the surrounding area was farmland until the 1930s when the first housing estates were developed. Most of the farmland had been built on by 1980 but some countryside remains in the form of Woodgate Valley Country Park. Along with Bartley Green, Harborne and Edgbaston, Quinton is a part of the Birmingham Edgbaston constituency.

History[edit]

The name of Quinton is thought to derive from Cweningtun, meaning the queen's settlement.[2]

Quinton was formerly part of the ancient parish of Halesowen and was largely owned in medieval times by the wealthy abbey at Lapal near Halesowen. In the 1840s, when called The Quinton, it was mentioned that there were two small coal mines in the area and that the inhabitants were employed in nail manufacturing. The parish was generally known as Ridgacre until 1901, and formed, with most of Halesowen parish, a detached part of Shropshire, until moving to Worcestershire in 1844.[3] The area developed along the Kidderminster and Birmingham road, which had been turnpiked.

Data from the 1881 census shows working in agriculture and the building trades to be the top two male occupations whereas for working women it was domestic service and nail making.[4]

Prior to the construction of the M5 motorway, Quinton's north western boundary extended over 250 metres (820 ft) to the west. Where is now the Chantry Drive housing development there formerly stood the Primitive Methodist, Bourne College in its 19 acres (7.7 ha) of grounds. The college, a boarding school for boys, was built in 1882 and named after one of the joint founders of Primitive Methodism, Hugh Bourne.[5] Hoosen Close is named after the college's only headmaster. The college closed in 1928 and the buildings were used from 1931 as a residential home for elderly men, known as Quinton Hall. The hall was demolished in 1978.[2]

Quinton with its population of 1,100 and area of 838 acres (339 ha) was incorporated into the county borough of Birmingham, in Warwickshire, on 9 November 1909.[6] A tree was planted by Birmingham's Lord Mayor in Quinton Recreation Ground to commemorate the centenary. Quinton remained in character a village rather than a suburb until large-scale private housing development of the 1930s. Factory developments were not planned for the area because of objections by residents of Edgbaston to the possibility of fumes being blown over to their area by the wind.

The expanded Quinton of that time was fictionalised as "Tilton" by Francis Brett Young in his novel Mr & Mrs Pennington.

During World War Two on the 17 July 1941 a Royal Air Force, Armstrong Whitworth Whitley (Z6476) bomber crashed into Quinton after striking a balloon cable. All six crew died in the crash.[7]

Quinton became, with the rest of Birmingham, part of the metropolitan county of the West Midlands on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972.

Geography[edit]

Quinton is covered by the B32 postal district. The northern boundary of Quinton is the southern side of the A456/A458 Hagley Road West between Balden Road and the M5 motorway; the northern side is Brandhall in the Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell. The M5 forms the western boundary down to junction 3, and separates Quinton from the town of Halesowen in the Metropolitan Borough of Dudley. The Bourn Brook in Woodgate Valley Country Park is the southern boundary and divides Quinton from Woodgate, South Woodgate and Bartley Green. Balden Road, Tennal Lane and West Boulevard (B4121) form the eastern boundary, however, the ward boundary extends further east to Lordswood Road in the B17 postcode area of Harborne.

Quinton covers an area of 4.8 square kilometres (2 sq mi) though its boundaries have since expanded slightly. Eastern parts were formerly known as Ridgacre, with Quinton or "The Quinton" being the area now around the church.

Elevation

Quinton's highest point is 226 metres (741 ft) above sea level at the original village centre on High Street. The land drops away to the south and east to a low of 154 metres (505 ft) at the Bourn Brook by West Boulevard.[8] The top of the spire of the (Church of England) Christ Church is the highest point of any building in Birmingham.[citation needed] The escarpment a little to the west forms part of the national watershed, dividing the catchment areas of the River Severn and the River Trent.

Housing

The area is almost entirely residential, though there are typical small local service businesses. An office park, accessed from the Quinton Expressway, has been built on part of Quinton Meadows.

Nailer's Cottage on Ridgacre Road West

The original Quinton village in the area around Christ Church on Hagley Road West is of largely Victorian terraced houses. On the corner of Ridgacre Road West and High Street stands the Nailer's Cottage, apparently 18th century, but whose lower walls may date back to the 16th century. It is the oldest dwelling in Quinton.[9][10] The village spread south in the 1970s with the Chichester Drive housing development.

Much of the Ridgacre estate consists of medium-sized, private semi-detached houses from the 1930s and 1940s. Many of the roads are tree-lined. Construction of the estate was halted during World War II. In the 1950s, council houses typical of the period were built in the remaining spaces. Further council housing was built south of Quinton Road West along Simmons Drive in the 1970s, encroaching into the Woodgate Valley. Most of the housing is two storey terraces but there are some three storey townhouses all of which originally had integral garages. At the head of each of the V-shaped cul-de-sacs that project into Woodgate Valley is a four storey block of flats.

Parks and open spaces

The northern part of Woodgate Valley Country Park down to the Bourn Brook lies in Quinton. Woodland and shrubs planted in the late 1980s predominate, but there are also some smaller areas of open meadow.[11]

Quinton Meadows looking north to the business park

Quinton Meadows Local Nature Reserve is a 25 acres (10 ha) strip of grassland and woodland sandwiched between the M5 motorway and the A456 Quinton Expressway. Access can be gained from Woodgate Valley Country Park via a pelican crossing on the Expressway. 18 acres (7 ha) of the meadows were lost in the early 2000s following the construction of Quinton Business Park.[12]

Quinton Recreation Ground next to the M5 is accessed from Meadow Road and Powell Avenue. Highfield Farm Recreation Ground has a children's play area, multi-sports pitch and exercise equipment. There is car parking off Highfield Lane. The site is bordered to the north by Quinton Allotments, to the west by the Quinton Expressway and to the south by Highfield Bowling Green.

Transport infrastructure

The Quinton Expressway (A456) looking south

The M5 motorway is immediately west of Quinton. The 1.25 miles (2 km) long Quinton Expressway A456 runs from junction 3 of the motorway to join the Hagley Road West via a short underpass and continues to Birmingham city centre. The A458 to Halesowen via Mucklow Hill begins at the Quinton traffic island. A short section of the A4123 named Wolverhampton Road South enters Quinton from Hagley Road West and then bears east along Court Oak Road towards Harborne. West Boulevard used to terminate at Quinton Road West but was extended in August 1986 across the Woodgate Valley, becoming reclassified as the B4121.[13]

No railway lines or canals pass through Quinton.

Demography[edit]

The 2001 Population Census recorded that 23,084 people were living in Quinton. 14.5% (3,301) of the ward's population consisted of ethnic minorities compared with 29.6% for Birmingham. 71.7% of the population of Quinton stated Christianity as their religion.

Politics[edit]

Quinton ward is currently represented on Birmingham City Council by Labour Co-op councillor Kate Booth and Conservative Dominic Stanford, elected in a 2021 by-election.

The ward of Quinton forms part of Birmingham Edgbaston constituency along with Bartley Green, Edgbaston, Harborne and North Edgbaston, which has been represented by Labour Co-operative MP Preet Gill since 2017.

Education and community facilities[edit]

Quinton has one secondary school, Four Dwellings Academy and four primary schools; Quinton Church Primary, World's End Junior, Woodhouse Primary Academy and Four Dwellings Primary Academy. Quinton Church Primary School's roots go back to 1846, six years after the consecration of Christ Church.[14] Pitts Wood, a small ancient woodland designated as a Site of Importance for Nature Conservation adjoins Woodhouse Primary Academy and is used by the school for environmental education.[15]

Quinton Library on the corner of Overdale Road and Ridgacre Road opened on 2 June 1974.[16]: 33 [17] Adjoining the library is Quinborne Community Centre whose roots go back to 1938 at the former Edgbaston Golf Clubhouse. Quinborne is an amalgam of Quinton and Harborne. The centre includes a stage and indoor sports facility, Bennett Hall, built in 1958 from funds donated by the late Lord Peter Bennett.[16]: 36  The community association offers academic, activity and social classes. There is also a pre-school nursery and youth club.[18]

The area is served by three post offices: Quinton post office is on Hagley Road West in Quinton village, Faraday Avenue post office is on Worlds End Lane and West Boulevard post office is on Court Oak Road.[19]

Quinton police station is on Quinton Road West, but is permanently closed and the building set to be sold off.[20]

The main supermarkets are Tesco on the corner of Ridgacre Lane and Ridgacre Road built in 2007 on the site of Birmingham Corporation's Quinton bus depot[21] and Asda on Hagley Road West which opened in October 2011 on the site of the Kings Highway public house.[22]

Quinton Cemetery covering 51 acres (21 ha) opened in 1923 and although in Halesowen is owned and maintained by Birmingham City Council. The office and Registrar’s house were built in 1936.[23]

The Reel Cinema, again just over the border in Halesowen, opened in 1939 as the Danilo. Renamed the Essoldo in 1954, it was threatened with demolition in 1967 as it was on the proposed route of the M5 motorway. The cinema survived and was multi-screened in 1973 as the Quinton Classic.[24]

Quinton Art Festival was established in 2001 and takes place annually at the Methodist Church hall over three days in May. There are up to 300 paintings and drawings on display along with craft stalls, flower displays and art demonstrations, plus a Friday evening concert.[25]

Religious sites[edit]

The Early English styled Christ Church is of red sandstone and was built at a cost of £2,500 in 1840.[26]

The “Old Burial Ground” at the end of the church drive, next to Quinton Church Primary School was opened in 1898. Half of the site was for members of the Church of England and half for other residents of the parish; each administered separately. In the 1950s the grounds became overgrown and by the 1980s were in effect closed. Since 2006 the area has been restored and maintained.[27]

St Boniface, Church of England on Quinton Road West, consecrated in 1959, was designed by the architectural partnership of Bromilow, While & Smeaton who also designed St John the Baptist's Church, Longbridge. It is a part of the Diocese of Birmingham. The church building of brick has a clerestory with dormer windows as part of a steeply pitched roof. The gabled west front is surmounted by an octagonal, louvred, copper-roofed bell turret. The altar by architect, W H Bidlake came from St Stephen's, Newtown Row.[28]

Quinton Methodist Church on Ridgeway Avenue just over the border in Halesowen was built by William Jackson of Langley Green to a design by Selby Clewer and opened on 3 February 1968. This building replaced one on College Road opened in 1888 that was demolished, unlike the nearby cinema, to make way for the M5 motorway.[29] Ridgacre Methodist Church on World's End Lane opened in May 1951.[16]: 55 

The Catholic parish of Our Lady of Fatima is part of the Archdiocese of Birmingham. The Parish Hall was built in Higgins Lane in 1952 and served as a dual purpose building for both church and social activities. The present church was built next to the hall, and was consecrated on 7 October 1978 by His Grace, George Patrick Dwyer, Archbishop of Birmingham. Our Lady of Fatima Catholic Primary School is on Winchfield Drive, Harborne.[30]

Quinton Evangelical Free Church on World's End Lane and Ridgacre Road has served the local community since 1944. The Christadelphian Hall on Ridgacre Road dates from 1938.[16]: 191 

Public transport[edit]

National Express West Midlands buses serve the area. Buses from Birmingham city centre to Stourbridge (service no. 9),[31] Wolverhampton (X8) and Gornal Wood (X10) all stop along Hagley Road West. Service no. 24 Birmingham - Woodgate Valley North stops on Court Oak Road, Ridgacre Road, Ridgacre Lane, Highfield Lane, Simmons Drive and Quinton Road West.[32] Services also run to Dudley and Q.E. Hospital (service no. 19),[33] West Bromwich (54) and Longbridge (39 - operated by Kevs Cars and Coaches).[34]

Sport[edit]

Quinton is home to two amateur football teams, Quinton Magpies and Quinton Rangers, both play in the Warley and District Football League. A healthy local rivalry has been built up over several years.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Birmingham Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  2. ^ a b Maxam, Andrew (1997). Quinton : on old picture postcards. Keyworth, Nottingham: Reflections of a Bygone Age. p. Introduction. ISBN 1900138212.
  3. ^ Vision of Britain: Relationships/ unit history of Quinton Archived 1 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties"". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
  5. ^ Hall, Dr Michael. "Bourne College, Quinton, Birmingham". qlhs.org.uk. Quinton Local History Society. Retrieved 24 April 2022.
  6. ^ Cherry, Gordon Emanuel (1994). Birmingham : a study in geography, history, and planning. Chichester, West Sussex, England: J. Wiley. p. 109. ISBN 0471949000.
  7. ^ "Accident Armstrong Whitworth Whitley Mk V Z6476, 07 Jul 1941".
  8. ^ "Harborne". en-gb.topographic-map.com. Retrieved 23 April 2022.
  9. ^ Historic England. "The Cottage (Grade II) (1076200)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 April 2022.
  10. ^ Dargue, William. "Quinton/ The Quinton". History of Birmingham Places A to Y. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
  11. ^ "Woodgate Valley – a History". andyunderscore.com. Retrieved 30 April 2022.
  12. ^ "Fear for meadow in business park plan; Alert on hedges and trees". Birmingham Evening Mail.
  13. ^ "B4121". sabre-roads.org.uk. Retrieved 30 April 2022.
  14. ^ Bunting, Thomas W; Taylor, Bernard J (2005). The Story of a Parish, The Quinton, 1840-1990. Quinton Local History Society Publications. pp. 5, 14. ISBN 9780955192104.
  15. ^ "Pitts Wood (Friends of) | Birmingham Open Spaces Forum". bosf.org.uk. Retrieved 30 April 2022.
  16. ^ a b c d Rosser, Anthony N (1999). The Quinton and Round About, Volume 2. Quinton History Society. ISBN 0953432718.
  17. ^ "Quinton Library". Birmingham.gov.uk. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  18. ^ "About us". /www.quinbornecommunitycentre.co.uk. Retrieved 26 April 2022.
  19. ^ "Branch Finder". postoffice.co.uk. Retrieved 28 April 2022.
  20. ^ "'We don't feel safe' - residents fear closure of Birmingham police stations". BirminghamLive. 13 December 2021. Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  21. ^ "New Tesco takes shape". Halesowen News. 8 September 2006. Retrieved 28 April 2022.
  22. ^ "ASDA announces opening date of controversial Quinton store". Halesowen News. 19 September 2011. Retrieved 28 April 2022.
  23. ^ "Quinton cemetery". Birmingham City Council. Retrieved 26 April 2022.
  24. ^ Hawker, Kavan. "Reel Cinema". Cinema Treasures. Retrieved 26 April 2022.
  25. ^ "Quinton Art Festival". quintonmethodist.co.uk. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
  26. ^ "Quadring - Quy". British-history.ac.uk.
  27. ^ "Old Burial Ground – Christ Church the Quinton". Retrieved 27 April 2022.
  28. ^ "Quinton St Boniface". National Churches Trust. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
  29. ^ Hall, Dr Michael. "A brief history of Methodism in Quinton - part 2". quintonmethodist.co.uk. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
  30. ^ "A brief introduction to the Parish of Our Lady of Fatima, Quinton". catholicquinton.org.uk. Retrieved 28 April 2022.
  31. ^ "9 Birmingham - Stourbridge". National Express West Midlands. Retrieved 30 April 2022.
  32. ^ "24 Birmingham - Woodgate Valley North". National Express West Midlands. Retrieved 30 April 2022.
  33. ^ "19 Birmingham - Q.E. Hospital". National Express West Midlands. Retrieved 30 April 2022.
  34. ^ "Birmingham-area-map-guide-2022" (PDF). tfwm.org.uk. Retrieved 30 April 2022.
  35. ^ Post, Birmingham (14 February 2011). "Adrian Chiles pays off ex-wife after banking £6m ITV deal". Birminghampost. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  36. ^ "Bill Oddie Episode Guide - Who Do You Think You Are Magazine". Whodoyouthinkyouaremagazine.com. Retrieved 24 May 2019.

External links[edit]