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Quintus Claudius Quadrigarius

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Quintus Claudius Quadrigarius was a Roman historian. Little is known of Q. Claudius Quadrigarius's life, but he probably lived in the 1st century BCE.


Quadrigarius's annals spanned at least 23 books. They began with the conquest of Rome by the Gauls (c. 390 BCE), reached Cannae by Book 5,[1] and ended with the age of Sulla, c. 84 or 82 BCE.

The surviving fragments of his work were collected by Hermann Peter.[2] The largest fragment is preserved in Aulus Gellius,[3] and concerns a single combat between T. Manlius Torquatus and a Gaul.[4]


Quadrigarius's work was considered very important, especially for the contemporary history he narrates. From its sixth book onward, Livy's History of Rome used Quadrigarius and Valerius Antias as major sources, (if not uncritically),[5] and it seems Livy especially drew on Quadrigarius for trophies placed in the Capitoline temple and lost before Livy's time in the fire of 83 BCE.[6] He is cited by Aulus Gellius, and he was probably the "Clodius" mentioned in Plutarch's Life of Numa.[7]

The judgment of his prose has varied. Some considered that it was his lively style which ensured his survival in various extracts;[8] but more perhaps would agree with Fronto that his language was pure and colloquial (“puri ac prope cotidiani sermonis”),[9] and that it benefited from its straightforwardness, and absence of archaisms.[10]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ J C Yardley, Livy: Hannibal’s War (OUP 2006) p. xxxi
  2. ^ H. Peter, Historicorum Romanorum Reliquiae, I, 205-237.
  3. ^ Aulus Gellius, IX, 13.
  4. ^ H J Rose, A Handbook of Latin Literature (London 1967) p. 202
  5. ^ J C Yardley, Livy: Hannibal’s War (OUP 2006) p. xxxi
  6. ^ Forsythe, Gary (2011). "Claudius Quadrigarius and Livy's Second Pentad". In Marincola, John (ed.). A companion to Greek and Roman historiography. Blackwell companions to the ancient world. Malden, MA ; Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell Pub. pp. 393–395. ISBN 978-1-4443-3923-9.
  7. ^ Plutarch, Parallel Lives: Life of Numa, I, 2.
  8. ^ S Usher, The Historians of Greece and Rome (London 1969) p. 136
  9. ^ H J Rose, A Handbook of Latin Literature (London 1967) p. 202
  10. ^ M von Albrecht, A History of Roman Literature (1997) p. 385


  • W. Kierdorf in Brill's New Pauly s.v. Claudius [I 30]
  • A. Klotz, "Der Annalist Q. Claudius Quadrigarius." Rheinische Museum 91 (1942) 268–285.
  • E. Badian, "The Early Historians" in T. Dorey (ed.) Latin Historians (1966) 1-38.
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Annalists". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 60.