Quintus Servilius Caepio the Younger

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Quintus Servilius Caepio the Younger was a Roman soldier and statesman. He was elected praetor in 91 BC, and fought for Rome during the Marsic Wars of the Italian Rebellion against Rome. His father was Quintus Servilius Caepio the Elder.

Caepio married Livia Drusa, sister of Marcus Livius Drusus the Younger. Livia bore him three children: Servilia, the mistress of Julius Caesar, mother of Brutus and mother-in-law of Gaius Cassius Longinus; another daughter, also called Servilia; and a son, Quintus Servilius Caepio. He divorced Livia after a political and personal dispute with Drusus. Livia later married Marcus Porcius Cato Salonianus and gave birth to Marcus Porcius Cato the Younger, Julius Caesar's most adamant and fanatical opponent.

Caepio served as quaestor in 103 BC. During that year, his father, Q. Servilius Caepio the Elder, was tried before the people by the tribune Gaius Norbanus for his catastrophic loss at the Battle of Arausio. The younger Caepio tried to use violence to oppose Norbanus and his ally, Lucius Appuleius Saturninus, but his father was nonetheless exiled. Caepio's violent tactics were used as a pretext many years later in 95 BC when he was tried by an unknown prosecutor. However, thanks to the defence of the consul Lucius Licinius Crassus, Caepio was acquitted.

In 92 BC, Caepio prosecuted Marcus Aemilius Scaurus, the eminent princeps senatus, for supposed provincial extortion and, it seems, for taking bribes from Mithridates VI of Pontus. Scaurus managed to issue a counter-accusation against Caepio, and the two accusations collapsed; but Scaurus was apparently driven by the experience of the affair to side with Caepio's former brother-in-law, M. Livius Drusus, who was to be tribune in 91 BC.

Alongside the consul L. Mucius Philippus, Caepio became the chief opponent of the legislative programme of Livius Drusus, including the laws aimed at giving full citizenship to the Italians. Pliny said that the dispute between the two started many years earlier because of a golden ring. Caepio, it was rumored, was even involved in the assassination of Drusus, an event commonly seen by ancient sources as the start of the Social War. Later, during that conflict Caepio was made a Legate in the Roman Army. He was captured and executed by the Italian allies after being tricked into leaving a secure position.

Family tree[edit]

See also[edit]