Quintus Tineius Rufus (consul 127)

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Quintus Tineius Rufus (c. 90 – after 131 AD) was a Senator and provincial governor under the Roman Empire.

He was Legatus Augusti pro praetore of Thracia between 124 and 126, Consul suffectus between May and September 127 and, as consul, governor of Judaea from at least 130 to 132, during the uprising of the Jews under Simon bar Kokhba and Elasar. The Church Fathers and rabbinic literature emphasize his role in provoking the revolt.[1]

He is last recorded in 132; whether he died or was replaced is uncertain. He left a son, Quintus Tineius Sacerdos Clemens, who became Consul in 158 and later one of the pontifices.

His memory varies; in Jewish tradition, he conducted the war against the Jewish people. There is an inscription in his honor in Scythopolis. He was the first of his family to attain high office in Rome; that his son also did implies that he was not blamed for the unsuccessful start of the Roman war against Bar Kochba.

References[edit]

  1. ^ William David Davies, Louis Finkelstein: The Cambridge History of Judaism: The late Roman-Rabbinic period, p. 35., Cambridge University Press, 1984, ISBN 9780521772488

the remark in the text: There is an inscription in his honor in Scythopolis

is wrong. There are inscriptions for his wife and his daughter. That also he was honoured with a statue and an inscription is a conclusion. But this probable inscription is not preserved. See W. Eck, Der Bar Kochba-Aufstand der Jahre 132-136 und seine Folgen für die Provinz Judaea/Syria Palaestina, in: Iudaea socia - Iudaea capta, Atti del convegno internazionale Cividale del Friuli, 22-24 settembre 2011 (I Convegni della Fondazione Niccolò Canussio 13), hg. P. Urso, Pisa 2012, 249-265

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