Quirino

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This article is about the Philippine province. For other uses, see Quirino (disambiguation).
"Kirino" redirects here. For other uses, see Kirino (disambiguation).
Quirino
Province
Province of Quirino
Quirino Provincial Capitol
Quirino Provincial Capitol
Flag of Quirino
Flag
Official seal of Quirino
Seal
Nickname(s): Forest Heartland of Cagayan Valley
Location within the Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°17′N 121°35′E / 16.28°N 121.58°E / 16.28; 121.58Coordinates: 16°17′N 121°35′E / 16.28°N 121.58°E / 16.28; 121.58
Country Philippines
Region Cagayan Valley (Region II)
Founded June 18, 1966
Capital Cabarroguis
Government
 • Type Sangguniang Panlalawigan
 • Governor Junie E. Cua (LP)
 • Vice Governor May G. Calaunan (LP)
Area[1]
 • Total 2,323.47 km2 (897.10 sq mi)
Area rank 54th out of 81
Population (2015 census)[2]
 • Total 188,991
 • Rank 73rd out of 81
 • Density 81/km2 (210/sq mi)
 • Density rank 72nd out of 81
Divisions
 • Independent cities 0
 • Component cities 0
 • Municipalities
 • Barangays 132
 • Districts Lone district of Quirino
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 3400–3405
IDD : area code +63 (0)78
ISO 3166 code PH-QUI
Spoken languages
Website www.quirinoprovince.org

Quirino is a landlocked province in the Philippines located in the Cagayan Valley region in Luzon and named after Elpidio Quirino, the sixth President of the Philippines. Its capital is Cabarroguis.

The province borders Aurora to the southeast, Nueva Vizcaya to the west, and Isabela to the north. Quirino used to be part of the province of Nueva Vizcaya, until it was separated in 1966.

History[edit]

Long before its formal creation as an independent province, Quirino was the forest region of the province of Nueva Vizcaya, inhabited by tribal groups known as the Negritos. They roamed the hinterlands and built their huts at the heart of the jungle.

An old map showing the current territories of Quirino as part of Nueva Vizcaya

On June 18, 1966, Republic Act 4734 was enacted, constituting the municipalities of Diffun, Saguday, Aglipay, and Maddela (all of Nueva Vizcaya province) into a new sub-province to be known as "Quirino", named after the late Philippine president Elpidio Quirino.[3][4]

On June 21, 1969, Republic Act 5554 was enacted, amending RA 4734 and creating the municipality of Cabarroguis (now the provincial capital town), which was taken from portions of Diffun, Saguday, and Aglipay.[4][5]

Republic Act 6394, authored by former Congressman Leonardo B. Perez, was passed on September 10, 1971 further amending RA 5554 and separating the sub-province of Quirino from its mother province, Nueva Vizcaya, constituting it into a regular province.[4][6]

The province of Quirino was formally established on February 10, 1972 upon the assumption to office of the first elected provincial and municipal officials headed by Dionisio A. Sarandi as Provincial Governor.

On February 25, 1983, Batas Pambansa Blg. 345 was enacted, creating within Quirino the municipality of Nagtipunan, a division of the municipality of Maddela.[7]

Geography[edit]

A section of the Cagayan River (lower river in the picture) beside the town of Maddela

Quirino covers a total area of 2,323.47 square kilometres (897.10 sq mi) [8]   occupying the southeastern section of the Cagayan Valley region. A landlocked province, it is situated within the upper portion of the Cagayan River basin and bounded by Isabela on the north, Aurora on the east and southeast, and Nueva Vizcaya on the west and southwest.

The Sierra Madre mountain range provides a natural barrier on the eastern and southern border of the province and the Mamparang Range on the western part. The province is generally mountainous, with about 80 percent of the total land area covered by mountains and highlands. A large portion of the province lies within the Quirino Protected Landscape.

Climate[edit]

The province has a mean annual temperature of 33.6 °C (92.5 °F).[citation needed] May is generally the warmest month and the wettest months are March to August,[citation needed] with the rest of the year being neither too dry nor too wet. Heavy, sustained rainfall occurs from September to November.

Climate data for Quirino
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27.4
(81.3)
28.4
(83.1)
29.6
(85.3)
31.4
(88.5)
32.2
(90)
32.6
(90.7)
32.0
(89.6)
32.2
(90)
32.0
(89.6)
31.0
(87.8)
29.6
(85.3)
27.9
(82.2)
30.53
(86.95)
Average low °C (°F) 20.0
(68)
20.3
(68.5)
21.4
(70.5)
22.6
(72.7)
23.5
(74.3)
23.9
(75)
24.0
(75.2)
23.9
(75)
23.5
(74.3)
23.0
(73.4)
22.4
(72.3)
20.8
(69.4)
22.44
(72.38)
Average rainy days 15 12 12 9 13 13 15 14 16 14 18 15 166
Source: Storm247 [9]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Quirino comprises 6 municipalities, all encompassed by a single legislative district.

Barangays[edit]

The 6 municipalities of the province comprise a total of 132 barangays, with Gundaway (Poblacion) in Cabarroguis as the most populous in 2010, and Rang-ayan in Aglipay as the least.[10]

Further information: List of barangays in Quirino

Demographics[edit]

Population census of
Quirino
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 114,132 —    
1995 131,119 +2.63%
2000 148,575 +2.72%
2007 163,610 +1.34%
2010 176,786 +2.86%
2015 188,991 +1.28%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[2][10][10]

The population of Quirino in the 2015 census was 188,991 people,[2] with a density of 81 inhabitants per square kilometre or 210 inhabitants per square mile.

The major languages are Ilocano and Ifugao. Other languages are Bungkalot, Pangasinan, Kankana-ey, Tagalog, and English.

Religion[edit]

Quirino is predominantly Roman Catholic with 70 percent adherence[citation needed] while Aglipayan serves as a significant minority religion. Some people still practice indigenous beliefs. Other Christians are also well represented.

Economy[edit]

Agriculture is the main industry in the province, with rice and corn as major crops.[11] These supply the demand of neighboring provinces and the metropolis. It is the leading producer of banana in the Cagayan Valley region.[11] Banana as well as banana chips are major products sold in Metro Manila and Pampanga. Small scale industries like furniture making, basketry, rattan craft, and dried flower production are prevalent.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on January 21, 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d PSA; Census of Population (2015), "Region II (CAGAYAN VALLEY)", Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay, retrieved 20 June 2016 
  3. ^ "Republic Act No. 4734 - An Act Creating the Subprovince of Quirino in the Province of Nueva Vizcaya". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 13 January 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c "Brief History of Quirino". Province of Quirino (official website). Retrieved 13 January 2015. 
  5. ^ "Republic Act No. 5554 - An Act Amending Republic Act Numbered Four Thousand Seven Hundred And Thirty-four, Entitled, "An Act Creating the Subprovince of Quirino in the Province of Nueva Vizcaya," and for Other Similar Purposes". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 13 January 2015. 
  6. ^ "Republic Act No. 6394: An Act to Separate the Subprovince of Quirino from the Province of Nueva Vizcaya and Constitute It into a Regular Province to be Known as the Province of Quirino". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 13 January 2015. 
  7. ^ "Batas Pambansa Blg. 345 – An Act Creating the Municipality of Nagtipunan, in the Province of Quirino". LGU.ph. Retrieved 13 January 2015. 
  8. ^ a b "Province: Quirino". PSA. Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  9. ^ "Weather forecast for Quirino, Philippines". Storm247.com. StormGeo AS, Nordre Nøstekaien 1, N-5011 Bergen, Norway: StormGeo AS. Retrieved 21 April 2016. 
  10. ^ a b c d PSA; Census of Population and Housing (2010), "Region II (CAGAYAN VALLEY)", Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay, retrieved 29 June 2016 
  11. ^ a b "The Province of Quirino". Department of Trade and Industry - Region 02. Retrieved 26 June 2016. 

External links[edit]