Quli Qutb Mulk
|Sultan Quli Qutb-ul-Mulk|
The FirstSultan of Qutb Shahi dynasty
|Successor||Jamsheed Quli Qutb Shah|
|Died||September 2, 1543(aged 72–73)|
|Burial||Qutb Shahi tombs, Hyderabad|
Sultan Quli Qutb Shah (Persian: سلطان قلی قطب شاه ) (also transliterated in different ways), a Turkman from Hamadan, was the founder of the Qutb Shahi dynasty, which ruled the Sultanate of Golconda in southern India from 1518 to 1687. He died in 1543.
Sultanquli Qutbshah was a paternal descendant of Qara Yusuf via his grandfather (Pirquli bek who was grandson of Qara Iskander) and grandmother (Khadija Begum who was granddaughter of Jahanshah). His father was Uwaysquli bek and mother was Maryam Khanum. He migrated to Delhi with some of his relatives and friends, including his uncle Allahquli bek in the beginning of the 16th century. Later he migrated south to Deccan and served Bahmani sultan.
Setting up Qutb Shahi Sultanate
After the disintegration of the Bahmani Sultanate into the five Deccan sultanates, he declared independence and took title Qutb Shah, and established Qutb Shahi dynasty of Golconda.
Extension of Sultanate
Quli Qutb Shah was a contemporary of Krishana Deva Raya and his younger brother Achyuta Deva Raya of the Vijayanagara empire. Quli extended his rule by capturing forts at Warangal, Kondapalli, Eluru, and Rajamundry, while Krishnadevaraya was busy fighting the ruler of Odisha. He defeated Sitapati Raju (known as Shitab Khan), the ruler of Khammam, and captured the fort. He forced Odisha's ruler to surrender all the territories between the mouths of Krishna and Godavari rivers. He was able to occupy Eluru, Rajamundry and Machilipatnam extending his rule to Coastal Andhra. Quli's campaign against Krishnadevaraya continued until Timmarusu, the Prime Minister of Krishnadevaraya, defeated the Golconda army.
Death and Succession
Sultan Quli Qutb Shah died in 1543. His younger son, Jamsheed Quli Qutb Shah, assassinated him while he was offering his prayers. Jamsheed also blinded Quli's elder son and heir, Kutbuddeen and assumed the throne. His other son Ibrahim Quli Qutub Shah fled to Vijayanagar.
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|Qutb Shahi dynasty
Jamsheed Quli Qutb Shah
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