|Name meaning||"Stature", or "Support"|
|Also spelled||Kumieh, Qumiya|
|Date of depopulation||26 March 1948|
|Cause(s) of depopulation||Fear of being caught up in the fighting|
|Current localities||Ein Harod (Ihud), Ein Harod (Meuhad), Geva|
Located 12.5 kilometers north of Baysan, the village was assaulted by the forces of the Golani Brigade on 26 March 1948 during Operation Gideon, on the orders of Yosef Weitz, a representative of the Jewish National Fund (JNF). Its inhabitants fled in fear of being caught in the fighting.
Qumya was well known for its archaeological sites, including Khirbat Qumya which contained rectangular structures, caves, and rock-hewn cisterns. About 800 meters south of the village was ´Ayn ´Jalud, an archaeological site where Roman artifacts, including milestones and a large pool cut in the rock, have been found.
Pierre Jacotin named the village Kouni on his map from 1799. In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described the village of Qumya as located being located on a knoll in the middle of a valley, surrounded by gardens of prickly pear.
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the Mandatory Palestine authorities, Qumiyeh had a population of 401, all Muslims, decreasing in the 1931 census to 386, still all Muslims, in 88 houses.
The village had one elementary school for boys. In 1944/45 a total of 4,205 dunums were used for cereals and 33 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards, while 15 dunams was built-up land.
1948, and after
"Not taking upon themselves the responsibility of preventing the infiltration of irregulars ... They must be forced to leave their villages until peace comes.
Meron Benvenisti noted that the JNF guided military operations to evacuate and expropriate the land of Palestinian villages in 1948, including that of Qumya. In writing of the capture and evacuation of Qumya and Endur (the biblical Endor), he wrote that, "The Jews were particularly interested in the village of Qumya, which was entirely surrounded by JNF land..."
Kibbutz Bet ha-Shittah and the Gush Nuris settlements were given thousands of dunams of refugee land from Qumya and the neighbouring villages of al-Murassas, Kafra, Yubla, and Zir'in by the Histadrut's Agicrultural Center in July and October 1948.
Walid Khalidi described the remaining village structures, noting:
"The whole site is fenced in. Almond, mulberry, and pomegranate trees and cactuses grow around the rubble that dots the village site. Cypress trees grow among the ruins of the village school."
- Palmer, 1881, p. 163
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 43
- Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 7
- Morris, 2004, p. xvii, village #120. Also gives cause of depopulation
- Welcome to Qumya, Palestine Remembered, retrieved 2007-12-03
- Khalidi, 1992, p. 57
- Al-Bakit and al-Hamud, 1989, p. 18; cited in Khalidi, 1992, p. 57
- Karmon, 1960, p. 169
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 85. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 57
- Barron, 1923, Table IX, p. 31
- Mills, 1932, p. 79
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 85
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 135
- Benvenisti, 2000, p.132
- Financing Racism and Apartheid:Jewish National Fund's Violation of International and Domestic Law (PDF), Palestine Land Society, August 2005, retrieved 2007-12-03
- Fischbach, 2012, p. 13
- Khalidi, 1992, p. 58
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Qumya.|
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922 (PDF). Government of Palestine.
- Benvenisti, Meron (2000). Sacred Landscape: The Buried History of the Holy Land Since 1948. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-23422-2.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
- Fischbach, Michael R. (2012). Records of dispossession: Palestinian refugee property and the Arab–Israeli conflict (Illustrated ed.). Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-12978-7.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Karmon, Y. (1960). "An Analysis of Jacotin's Map of Palestine" (PDF). Israel Exploration Journal 10 (3,4): 155–173; 244–253.
- Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains:The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas (PDF). Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Morris, Benny (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-00967-7.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Welcome to Qumya
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 9: IAA, Wikimedia commons
- Qumya, from the Khalil Sakakini Cultural Center