Qutbu l-Din Aibak

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Death of the slave king, Qutbuddin Aibak of Delhi, A.D. 1210
The mausoleum of Qutub ud Din Aibak in Anarkali, Lahore, Pakistan.

Qutububuddin Aibak (Turkish: Kutbiddin Aybek; Arabic: قطب الدين أيبك‎; Persian: قطب الدین ایبک‎; "Axis of the Faith, Moon Prince") was a Turkic king of Northwest India who ruled from his capital in Delhi where he built the Qutb Minar and the Quwwatu l-Islam Mosque.[1] He was of Turkic descent from Central Asia, the first Sultan of Delhi and founder of the Mamluk Dynasty of India. The mausoleum is located in Anarkali in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.[2]

He captured Kalinjar in 1202 from the Chandelas.[3]:23

Qutbudin Aibak ruled for only four years, from 12 June[4] 1206 to 1210 AD. He died while playing polo in Lahore.[5] His horse fell and he was impaled on the pommel of his saddle.

His early death prevented him completing his plans for organizing his kingdom and establishing a sound administration. He built the Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque in Delhi[6] and the dhai-din-ka-Jhonpra mosque in Ajmer. He started the construction of Qutb Minar in Delhi, which is dedicated to a famous Sufi saint of the time, Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki. After he died, the minaret was completed by his successor, Iltutmish. He is also remembered as lakhbaksh "giver of lakhs" because of his generosity.


  1. ^ Francis Robinson, The Mughal Emperors and the Islamic Dynasties of India, Iran and Central Asia, Page 77
  2. ^ The Age of Wrath: A History of the Delhi Sultanate
  3. ^ Sen, S.N., 2013, A Textbook of Medieval Indian History, Delhi: Primus Books, ISBN 9789380607344
  4. ^ Peter Jackson, The Delhi Sultanate: A Political and Military History, (2003), Cambridge University Press. p.28. ISBN 0521543290
  5. ^ Dynastic Chart The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 2, p. 368.
  6. ^ Mark M. Jarzombek, Vikramaditya Prakash, A Global History of Architecture, (Wiley, 2010), [1]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Slave Dynasty
Succeeded by
Aram Shah