Qwara (woreda)

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Qwara is one of the woredas in the Amhara Region of Ethiopia. Qwara is named after the former province Qwara, which was in the same area. Located at the westernmost point of the Semien Gondar Zone, Qwara is bordered on the south by the Benishangul-Gumuz Region, on the west by Sudan, on the north by Metemma, on the east by Takusa and Alefa, and on the southeast by Agew Awi Zone; part of its boundary with the Benishangul-Gumaz Region is defined by the Dinder River. The administrative center of this woreda is Gelegu; other settlements include Tewodros Ketema.

History[edit]

After the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Party (EPRP) was defeated for control of northern Ethiopia by the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) in 1978, one wing of the EPRP moved to Qwara where it continued to fight against both the Derg and the TPLF.[1]

Qwara was selected by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development in 2003 as an area for voluntary resettlement for farmers from overpopulated areas. Along with Metemma, the other woreda selected in Amhara that year, that year this woreda became the home for a total of 13,742 heads of households and 12,337 total family members.[2] Qwara was selected again in the fourth round of this resettlement program in 2006 and, along with Lay Armachiho and Dangila in the Amhara Region, and Tsegede in the Tigray Region, became the new homes of 8,671 families.[3] This was reportedly accompanied with almost 68 million Birr in infrastructure development.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Based on the 2007 national census conducted by the Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia (CSA), this woreda has a total population of 94,106, an increase of 164.34% over the 1994 census, of whom 50,021 are men and 44,085 women; 4,731 or 5.03% are urban inhabitants. With an area of 7,707.19 square kilometers, Qwara has a population density of 12.21, which is less than the Zone average of 63.76 persons per square kilometer. A total of 22,565 households were counted in this woreda, resulting in an average of 4.17 persons to a household, and 21,345 housing units. The majority of the inhabitants practiced Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, with 93.2% reporting that as their religion, while 6.7% of the population said they were Muslim.[5]

The 1994 national census reported a total population for this woreda of 35,600, of whom 18,553 were men and 17,047 women; 289 or 0.81% of its population were urban dwellers at the time. The four largest ethnic groups reported in Qwara were the Amhara (81.35%), the Agaw Awi (10%), the Gumuz (6.69%), and the Qemant (0.71%); all other ethnic groups made up 1.25% of the population. Amharic was spoken as a first language by 82.31%, 9.98% Gumuz, and 6.7% spoke Awngi; the remaining 1.01% spoke all other primary languages reported. The majority of the inhabitants practiced Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, with 92.32% reporting that as their religion, while 7.58% of the population said they were Muslim.[6]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Local History in Ethiopia" The Nordic Africa Institute website (accessed 8 May 2009)
  2. ^ "Resettlement 2003", Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Agency (DPPA) (accessed 26 November 2006)
  3. ^ "More than 15,500 households resettled in Amhara, SNNP and Oromia states" Walta Information Center(WIC)
  4. ^ "Close to 69mln birr infrastructural dev't works carried out in resettlement sites in Amhara state" (WIC)
  5. ^ Census 2007 Tables: Amhara Region, Tables 2.1, 2.4, 2.5, 3.1, 3.2 and 3.4.
  6. ^ 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Amhara Region, Vol. 1, part 1, Tables 2.1, 2.7, 2.10, 2.13, 2.17, Annex II.2 (accessed 9 April 2009)

Coordinates: 12°30′N 35°45′E / 12.500°N 35.750°E / 12.500; 35.750