Type of site
|Social network service|
Qzone (Chinese: QQ空间) is a social networking website, which was created by Tencent in 2005. It allows users to write blogs, keep diaries, send photos, listen to music, and watch videos. Users can set their Qzone background and select accessories based on their preferences so that every Qzone is customized to the individual member's taste. However, most Qzone accessories are not free; only after buying the "Canary Yellow Diamond" can users access every service without paying extra.
According to a report published by Tencent, possibly surpassing other social networking websites like Facebook and MySpace in China. Qzone is rapidly growing: as of November 2013, it already had 623.3 million users and by 2014 it had 645 million. 150 million Qzone users update their accounts at least once a month. This makes Qzone one of the most active communities in the whole industry.
- 1 Description
- 2 History
- 3 Features
- 3.1 Basic Features
- 3.2 Certified Space
- 3.3 Own Space Decoration (Chinese: "空间装扮")
- 3.4 Background music
- 3.5 Qzone Album
- 3.6 Qzone Application Center
- 3.7 Expert in Cities (Chinese: "城市达人")
- 4 Versions and Key Improvements
- 5 Major Competitors
- 6 Controversy
- 7 Censorship
- 8 Profits
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Qzone is divided into different functions. It includes homepage, status, blog, background music, albums, personal information, shared documents, friend visits, friend show, video show, and games. There are many third-party applications connected with Qzone. Some of the applications charge a fee while the other ones are free of charge. Normal Qzone users can choose among these applications while Qzone users with "Canary Yellow Diamond" can use the applications either for free or at a discounted rate. Among these third-party applications, the most famous ones are QQ farm, QQ ranch, QQ restaurant, and QQ Fantasy Submarine. The technology of Qzone lays on many aspects. Qzone does not have many international users. Only Chinese version of Qzone is available.
The history of Qzone originates in April 2005. Qzone did not start out as a social network platform. It started as an interior service within the Tencent company. The name was originally "Little Home Zone" in Tencent company. In 2008, Qzone was taken by Zhu Liang. This year, QQ registered users have reached 490 million, and about 200 million are active users. Qzone is positioned by Tencent as virtualization products along with QQ Show and QQ pet.
At the very beginning, the reference object of Qzone is not a social network, but blog products. "In 2005, Chinese blog market has been the rise of this market. Sina blog and MSN Space are two major competitors that we have. But Tencent did not have such power on media propagation, only relying on contents has no advantage. MSN spaces have a random combination of functional modules. The function of Space Decoration in Qzone was similar to it, and later on, we found the commercial value of it." Until now, the "Yellow Diamond System", Space Decoration still dominate. Qzone gradually transformed from a personal space, where users can customize blogs, keep diaries, post photos, watch videos and listen to music, to one of the China’s biggest social network.
Qzone is set by Tencent as a bonded service to QQ. Recently as the rise of social networks based on mobile platform such as WeChat, Qzone is seeing a decline.
|Homepage||All Qzone user has their own homepage, which others can visit and view their album, blogs, and status.|
|Information Center||Main page that is shown after login. Users can see all updates of their friends and Certified Space.|
|Blog||Users can write their dairy or blog. This will be display in their homepage.|
|Status||Also named as "shuoshuo"(Chinese: "说说"). It is a text box that user can write their mood or what happens for them, and publish to their friends.|
|Background music||Users can set the background music. There are two versions, which are aimed for "Green Diamond" users and ordinary users. "Green Diamond" users can enjoy genuine background music. Ordinary users can upload online music, but with a lower connecting quality.|
|Personal information||Users can set their personal information such as hometown, and attended schools.|
|Shared documents||Users can share documents such as music, articles, and videos.|
|Friend visits||Recently visited friends can be viewed in the homepage of Qzone users.|
Certified Space is Tencent page that officially certified by Tencent as well-known brands, agencies, e-commerce, application providers, web media, and celebrities. Certified space is a more advanced version of the ordinary Qzone, which adds some features and modules. The most notable feature is "I like" function, which allow user to follow up news from their favorite brands, agencies, media or celebrity. All updates of the certified space will display in information center of fans'. Certified Space users can launch various activities to maintain continuous and smooth interaction with their fans.
Own Space Decoration (Chinese: "空间装扮")
Users can set the background of their own space. Ordinary users can use the free background, while paid or open "Yellow diamond" users can use more backgrounds. Users can custom style settings, Module Manager, making new module, "my items", and "Restore Default".
Users can set the background music. There are two versions, which are aimed for "Green Diamond" users and ordinary users. "Green Diamond" users can enjoy genuine background music. Ordinary users can upload online music, but with a lower connecting quality.
Qzone album is the user's personal photo exhibition and storage platform. All users have free access to album feature, and QQ "Yellow Diamond" users and members can enjoy free access to larger space.
Features of Qzone Album
The number of Album
User can create up to 1000 albums, each album can hold 10000 photos.
Capacity of Album
Ordinary users have basic space size 3G for album, and getting more space is possible. "Yellow Diamond" users and members can have 25G-500G space for album according their levels.
Five ways to upload photos
Speed is fast, and user can upload 300 photos ("Yellow Diamond" user can upload 500 photos). Users can also upload HD images (maximum image size is 1280 pixels * 1280 pixels). Features like putting Qzone address watermark on photos, arranging order of photos, and previewing photos are available.
Upload 15 photos at a time.
Upload a single photo. Provide the most basic upload function with no need to install any tools.
Mini Space Upload(Chinese: "迷你空间上传"):
Double-click their friends list to open the mini-space editor, where users can drag and drop photos directly to the editor to upload.
QQ video Upload:
Install QQ desktop photo management tool to upload photos without login Qzone.
Key Improvements of Qzone Album
In January 2007, dynamic album(Chinese: "动感影集") is released.
In August 2008, new version of Qzone album is launched.
In February 2009, friends album(Chinese:"好友相册") is released.
In May 2009, arranging photo order, personalized photo album, and slideshow features are released.
In September 2009, photo editor, and photo repost features are released.
In November 2009, the initial capacity of album is enlarged to 500MB.
In May 2010, "photo wall" is added as one option of viewing photos.
In July 2012, added support of lossless uploading 20MB photo.
In April 2013, "Watermark Camera (Chinese: '水印相机')" is launched.
In 2015, "micro-cloud" backup (Chinese: "微云备份")is launched.
Qzone Application Center
Users can add games from Application Center to their homepage, and play with their friends in Qzone. There are not only games available in Application Center, but also social applications, entreatment applications, and utilities applications.
Expert in Cities (Chinese: "城市达人")
This feature is for people who are experts in a particular area of the city. Qzone's "Expert in Cities" provides a platform for all users to show their talent and expertise. Users who join "Expert in Cities" will be possible to find like-minded friends, and let more people get to know them.
Qzone stopped this service on January 20, 2013.
Versions and Key Improvements
|Qzone 1.0||04/2005||People who had invitations participated in the Beta version of Qzone.|
|Qzone 2.0||06/2005||Officially released Qzone.|
|Qzone 3.0||04/2006||Completion of a comprehensive architecture, and performance optimization.|
|Qzone wap1.0||07/2006||First mobile version of Qzone.|
|Qzone 4.0||06/2006||Qzone started to enter full-screen era.In July Qzone blog (Chinese: "日志") released a new text editor that supports animation, audio and other multimedia content. In September, information center(Chinese: "信息中心") and the circle of friends(Chinese: "好友圈") was released. This set the foundation for the subsequent transition to the SNS community. In November, dynamic album(Chinese: "动感影集") was released.|
|Qzone5.0||07/2008||July 2008, Tencent launched Qzone 5.0, codenamed 'Freedom Summer'(Chinese: "自由之夏"). Some of the new custom new features are:
|01/2009||QQ Alumni(Chinese: "QQ校友") is official released. Users can use this to meet new friends, and find old classmates.|
|05/2009||Sort photos, personalized photo album, and slideshow features releases.|
|06/2009||Qzone first external applications "Douban book" (Chinese: "豆瓣读书")launched.|
|07/2009||QQ farm(Chinese: "QQ农场") application is officially released. The integration of Qzone and QQ profile started.|
|09/2009||Application "Share", photo editor, and photo repost feature are released.|
|Qzone wap2.0||10/2009||QQ Ranch(Chinese: "QQ牧场") beta is released, users can invite other ways to play. Mobile version Qzone wap2.0 official release。|
|11/2009||Personal Center 2.0 is released. Album capacity is extanded to 500M.|
|05/2010||The name of Qzone Mood(Chinese: "Qzone心情") is changed to "shuoshuo"(Chinese: "说说"). Also, new features are added such as to add new pictures, share videos and URLsa, and conversation between friends. On May 20, Qzone Albums View Update - photo wall(Chinese: "照片墙") is added. On May 21, Qzone launched a badge system(Chinese: "徽章系统").|
|2010||Several new games are launched, such as the flames of the Warring States(Chinese: "烽火战国"), life tips(Chinese: "生活锦囊"), QQ Dou Dizhu, QQ garden, magic cards, Chinese chess, Skyscrapers.|
|07/2010||QQ restaurant is released.|
|07/2010||QQ Fantasy Submarine(Chinese: "QQ梦幻海底") is launched.|
|01/2011||Launched "Kung Fu Hero".|
|03/2011||Launched the "QQ clothing store"|
|04/2011||Released "Hu Lai Three Kingdoms", "Age of Dinosaurs".|
|Qzone 6.0||05/2011||New version of Qzone is released.|
|08/2011||Cooperated with Caipiao Kong(Chinses: "彩票控"), and launched "Lottery Applications".|
|03/2012||Launched the "Red Alert War", "QQ Water Margin"|
|Qzone 8.0||09/2013||Qzone8.0 alpha version is released.|
|10/2013||Qzone8.0 beta version is released.|
|MSN Space||MSN Space in the Chinese version. Six years later, it incorporated with Sina Blog after MSN Space closed.|
|51.com||One of the first social network in China, and now is a gaming community.|
|Sina Blog||The blog service of Sina.com.|
|Renren||Formerly known as the school network. One of China's earliest campus social network.|
|Kaixin||Early Chinese social network that has the largest user are serving officers. Its happy farm is well-known. In October 2009, Kaixin was purchased Tencent.|
|Sina Webo||Considered as alternatives of Twitter for Chinese users.|
Under the competition with Sina blog, MSN space, Qzone learned from their own QQ Show and introduced its "Own Space Decoration" feature. This feature became the most valuable feature and still in use.
Before Qzone, other competitors such as 51.com, Kaixin, and Renren, first open to third-party portals and became popular for a while. Qzone joined them and released games such as QQ farm.
With the appear of microblogging website, Sina Weibo, Qzone has less social impact. Therefore, it had to add other features such reading center.
Each revision of Qzone are closely related with its competitors.
There has been controversy on Qzone. Qzone corresponds to a controversy event supporting its parent company - Tencent. The controversy event is between Tencent and Qihoo 360, another big Chinese IT company. Qihoo's products include 360 Safeguard, a popular anti-virus software in China. In November 2010, when Qihoo cut down their products compatibility with Tencent products such as QQ messenger and Qzone, Tencent also stopped Qzone's compatibility with 360 Safeguard and 360 browser. This event has spurred controversial discussion in the Chinese IT industry.
Qzone is known to employ a variety of censorship methods, depending on the specific nature and level of sensitivity of the content being censored.
In strict cases, a user is prevented from posting at all. Upon clicking “publish,” the tester is presented with an error message of some form, with varying degrees of explanation but usually implying that the content was sensitive in some way. Details are never given, providing an explanation as to what exactly the offending content was or why it was unpublishable. Industry sources have confirmed that posts censored in this way are blocked via an automated system triggered by keywords, phrases, or even whole passages that are plugged into the system by administrators.
In less strict cases, posts may be "held for moderation". Upon clicking “publish,” the user is presented with a message indicating that the content is being held for approval, apparently the result of an automated process triggered by the use of keywords. This often happened on the same services that have also prevented publication of other posts, indicating that some services categorize different types of content at different sensitivity levels, to be handled differently. In some cases the content held for moderation was eventually published, indicating that a human being reviewed it and determined that the content was acceptable. In other cases the content was “held for moderation” indefinitely.
Posts may be successfully published at first, but deleted or "unpublished" some time later - usually within approximately 24 hours, although over weekends it could sometimes take as long as two days before a blog post would be taken down. Industry sources have confirmed that in these cases the content is flagged by the internal software system due to the presence of keywords. It is then reviewed by someone who then decides whether to remove, or un–publish, the post in question.
QZone, allows blocked posts to be published in “private view” (visible only to the author when logged in) but the post is not publicly visible. In its place appears a message: “This message is being previewed, which will take 3 working days. Once approved it will be possible to view normally.” The post never appears if it is indeed blocked, however.
The revenue and profit of Qzone mainly comes from its VIP service - "Canary Yellow Diamond". It's a monthly payment, and users with it can fully take advantage of basic services. In addition to advertising, the site makes money off selling virtual items, using a coin system called “Q” coins. Q coins are purchased by real money. There are many add-on services in social games such as QQ farm. In order to get higher rank in QQ farm, Yellow Diamond users can earn advanced equipment for the game without extra fee. It's estimated that there are 653 million monthly active users in the third quarter of 2015. Apart from the "Canary Yellow Diamond", Qzone is also making money by platform distributions to different games as well as advertisements. The platform distribution profit comes from the gaming gainsharing.
- "The Story of China’s Biggest Social Network: Qzone". China Internet Watch. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
- "黄钻贵族，精彩无限". v.qzone.qq.com. Retrieved 2016-04-23.
- Basic Help 基础帮助 (2008), Tencent. Available at: http://qzone.qq.com/helpcenter/index.html [Online]. Accessed at 20 February 2009
- Wauters, Robin (February 24, 2009). "China’s Social Network QZone Is Big, But Is It Really The Biggest?". TechCrunch.
- "Tencent: WeChat now has 271.9 million monthly active users around the world". TechInAsia. November 2012.
- Paul Bischoff (November 3, 2014). "Tencent owns 3 of the world’s 5 biggest social networks". Tech in Asia. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
- "The world's largest online social network: QZone". web2asia. February 24, 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-13.
- Research, Pearl. "Tencent's Strikingly Successful Qzone". Seeking Alpha. Retrieved 2016-04-25.
- "QQ 空间十年了，我们通过 8 个问题重新认识这个依然活跃的社交网络". www.qdaily.com. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
- "QZone tops WeChat as China’s Biggest Open-Platform Social Network". www.adweek.com. Retrieved 2016-04-25.
- Tencent-OUI. "QQ空间单个相册能上传多少张照片？QQ相册最多可以创建多少个？". kf.qq.com. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
- "网络相册 - QQ会员". vip.qq.com. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
- Tencent-OUI. "腾讯客服-如何在QQ空间相册中上传照片？". kf.qq.com. Retrieved 2016-04-23.
- "QQ空间年度全新4.0版 新特性震撼全场". app.hiapk.com. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
- "宽版与透明！QQ空间5.0体验-QQ空间也玩宽屏". arch.pconline.com.cn. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
- "QQ空间6.0正式放量 可邀请好友一同升级". www.ce.cn. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
- "Popular messaging service shut down as fight between China's Internet firms escalates". news.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 2016-04-23.
- MacKinnon, Rebecca (25 January 2009). "China’s Censorship 2.0: How companies censor bloggers". First Monday. University of Illinois at Chicago. Retrieved 27 April 2016. This article incorporates text from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
- "南方周末 - 看看微信的老对手 十年过去，QQ空间为何还有6.53亿人". www.infzm.com. Retrieved 2016-04-23.