Ráquira

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Ráquira
Municipality and town
Chuch of Ráquira
Chuch of Ráquira
Flag of Ráquira
Flag
Location of the municipality and town of Ráquira in the Boyacá Department of Colombia
Location of the municipality and town of Ráquira in the Boyacá Department of Colombia
Country  Colombia
Department Boyacá Department
Province Ricaurte Province
Founded 18 October 1580
Founded by Francisco de Orejuela
Government
 • Mayor Nestor Alonso Castillo Buitrago
(2016-2019)
Area
 • Municipality and town 233 km2 (90 sq mi)
Elevation 2,150 m (7,050 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Municipality and town 13,588
 • Density 58/km2 (150/sq mi)
 • Urban 3,425
Time zone Colombia Standard Time (UTC-5)
Website Official website

Ráquira, is a municipality and town in Boyacá Department, Colombia, part of the subregion of the Ricaurte Province. Ráquira is situated on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense and the urban center at an altitude of 2,150 metres (7,050 ft). It borders Tinjacá and Sutamarchan in the north, Guachetá, Cundinamarca in the south, in the east Sáchica and Samacá and in the west San Miguel de Sema and Lake Fúquene.[1]

Etymology[edit]

In Chibcha, Ráquira means "Village of the pans".[2]

History[edit]

The area of Ráquira was inhabited by the Muisca people in the centuries before the Spanish conquest of the central highlands of the Colombian Andes. Already in those times Ráquira was famous for its ceramics due to the clay of the area.[3][4]

In March 1537 conquistador Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada crossed the valley around Ráquira. Modern Ráquira was founded on October 18, 1580 by friar Francisco de Orejuela.[1]

Economy[edit]

About three quarters of the economy of Ráquira is centered on the handcrafts. Other economical activities are agriculture, livestock farming and mining.[1]

Tourism[edit]

Ráquira is famous in Colombia for its colony of artisans, who produce traditional northern Andean pottery & hand-woven goods. The Sunday market is especially a popular time to visit.[5]

Gallery[edit]

Panorama of central square and park Ráquira

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 5°32′N 73°38′W / 5.533°N 73.633°W / 5.533; -73.633