Râmnicu Sărat

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Râmnicu Sărat
Coat of arms of Râmnicu Sărat
Coat of arms
Location in Buzău County
Location in Buzău County
Râmnicu Sărat is located in Romania
Râmnicu Sărat
Râmnicu Sărat
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 45°22′48″N 27°3′36″E / 45.38000°N 27.06000°E / 45.38000; 27.06000Coordinates: 45°22′48″N 27°3′36″E / 45.38000°N 27.06000°E / 45.38000; 27.06000
Country Romania
CountyBuzău
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2024) Sorin Cîrjan[1]
Area
8.77 km2 (3.39 sq mi)
Elevation
118 m (387 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
33,843
 • Density3,900/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Postal code
125300
Vehicle reg.BZ
Websitewww.primariermsarat.ro

Râmnicu Sărat (also spelled Rîmnicu Sărat, Romanian pronunciation: [ˌrɨmniku səˈrat], German: Rümnick or Rebnick; Turkish: Remnik) is a city in Buzău County, Romania, in the historical region of Muntenia. It was first attested in a document of 1439, and raised to the rank of municipiu in 1994.

The city rises from a marshy plain, east of the Carpathians, and west of the cornlands of southern Moldavia. It lies on the left bank of the river Râmnicul Sărat. Salt and petroleum are worked in the mountains, and there is a considerable trade in agricultural produce and preserved meat.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1859 5,707—    
1900 13,134[3]+2.05%
1912 14,496+0.83%
1930 15,007+0.19%
1948 19,267+1.40%
1956 19,095−0.11%
1966 22,336+1.58%
1977 28,689+2.30%
1992 41,405+2.48%
2002 38,805−0.65%
2011 31,256−2.38%
Source: Census data

History[edit]

Râmnicu Sărat was the scene of battles between the Wallachians and Ottomans in 1634, 1434 and 1573.

It was also here that, in 1789 (during the Russo-Turkish War of 1787–1792), an army of Imperial Russian and Habsburg troops, commanded by Alexander Suvorov, defeated the Ottoman forces in the Battle of Rymnik. For this victory, Suvorov was awarded the victory title of "Count of Rymnik" or "Rimniksky" (граф Рымникский) by empress Catherine the Great of Russia.

In 1854 the city was almost destroyed by fire and was rebuilt. From 1901 to 1963, the Râmnicu Sărat prison operated in the city.

Educationals institutions[edit]

Natives[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Results of the 2020 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  3. ^ of whom 1,500 were Jews, Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Râmnicu Sarat" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 22 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 877.