Régiolis

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{{Infobox train |name=Fordtrack Polyvalent |image=B84549 à Montreuil-Bellay (2) par Cramos.JPG |caption=Régiolis at [[gare de Montreuil-Bellay|Gare de Timerzite]. |interiorimage=Régiolis 83511 TER Alsace 28 mai 2015-08.jpg |interiorcaption=Interior of a B 83511 Régiolis of TER Alsace |manufacturer=Alstom |family=Coradia |yearservice=2013 |numberservice=242 |operator=SNCF (TER, Intercités)
SNTF |lowfloor=Yes |art-sections=4 or 6 |transmission=Electric |electricsystem=DC 1.5 kV
AC single-phase 25 kV 50 Hz
AC single-phase 15 kV 16.7 Hz |gauge=1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge |notes= }} The Polyvalent P29 is a multiple unit train built by Alstom coming from the Coradia family. The first train is presented on July 4, 2013 in Aquitaine, and the first commissioning takes place on April 22, 2014 on the TER Aquitaine network, with more than a year behind the initial schedule.

History[edit]

The versatile carrier[edit]

Presentation of the first Regiolis trainset, in Strasbourg on December 5th, 2011.

In the 2000s, the delivery of several hundred new trains, X TER, A TER, AGC, or TER 2N NG have provided significant modernizations of the regional electrical and thermal equipment fleet. However, in the early 2010s, old series of equipment dating from the 1970s and 1980s continue to operate, and it appears necessary to continue the renewal and growth of the park during the period 2013 - 2022 with increasing TER network attendance. This desire manifests itself with a call for tenders from the SNCF, for the design of a new type of train, the "versatile carrier" ("porteur polyvalent" in French). Following the Grenelle Environnement and the successful exploitation of AGC dual-mode equipment, this equipment must not only have a thermal version, but electrical and dual-mode versions, to avoid catenary circulations in thermal traction for lack of suitable equipment.[1]

While Bombardier Transportation won a few years ago the contract for 700 AGC trains for the TER, Alstom won the contract this time, allowing the manufacturer to manufacture new equipment for French regional traffic. The imagined train, the Régiolis, is offered in electric and dual-mode-bicurrent version, allowing these trains to run on the entire French normal-gauge network, like the B 82500 of the competing manufacturer Bombardier. In addition, a tricurrent version with 15 kV at a frequency of 16.7 Hz is also available, allowing cross-border services to Germany and Switzerland.[2] The Régiolis is presented as "a modular train that knows how to do everything" and proposed in three versions with three, four or six boxes, and three types of development, peri-urban, regional or intercity. Like the manufacturer's AGV, or Bombardier Z 50000 and Regio 2N, the train is designed with an articulated architecture, with the bogies arranged between the cars.[1]

Orders[edit]

The first eight regions to command the Regiolis are Alsace, Aquitaine, Lower Normandy, Upper Normandy, Lorraine, Midi-Pyrénées, Pays de la Loire and Picardie.[3] The order of Lower Normandy, passed in 2009, covers 15 trains for a total of 148 million of euros[4][5]

Distribution of Orders[edit]

List of orders
Régions (before merger) Régions (after merger) Number of Cars Series Type Serivce Ordered
Rhône-Alpes Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes 4 B 84500 Bi Mode-dual voltage Régional 12
4 Z 31500 Electric (tricurrent) Régional 27
Bourgogne-Franche-Comté - 4 Z 51500 Electric Régional 24
6 Z 5xxxx Electric Interville 16
Center-Loire Valley - 4 B 84500 Bi Mode-dual voltage Régional 3
Alsace

Lorraine

Grand Est 4 B 83500 Bi Mode-dual voltage Suburban 6
6 B 83500 Bi Mode-dual voltage Suburban 19
4 B 84500 Bi Mode-dual voltage Régional 10
6 B 85000 Bi Mode-dual voltage Intercités 19
Nord-Pas-de-Calais

Picardie

Hauts-de-France 6 B 84500 Bi Mode-dual voltage Régional 27
Intercités - 6 B 85000 Bi Mode-dual voltage Intercités 20
4 Z 51500 Electric Intercités 9
Normandy - 6 B 84500 Bi Mode-dual voltage Interville 15
4 B 84900 Bi Mode-dual voltage Régional 10
Aquitaine New Aquitaine 4 Z 51500 Electric Régional 22
4 B 84500 Bi Mode-dual voltage Régional 20
Midi-Pyrénées Occitanie 4 B 83500 Bi Mode-dual voltage Suburban 23
4 B 84500 Bi Mode-dual voltage Régional 3
4 Z 54900 Electric Suburban 15
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur - 4 B 84500 Bi Mode-dual voltage Régional 10
Pays de la Loire - 4 B 84500 Bi Mode-dual voltage Régional 10
4 Z 51500 Electric Régional 10
Total 357

Operators and Routes[edit]

A Coradia Liner IC Class B 85000 at Saverne
A double Coradia Régiolis Class B 84500 in TER Basse-Normandy livery passing through Chaville-Rive-Gauche
A double Coradia Régiolis Class B 84500 in TER Hauts-de-France livery on approach Lille-Flanders
A Coradia Régiolis Class B 83500 in TER Alsace livery at Strasbourg
A Coradia Régiolis Class B 84500 in TER Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur livery at Marseille-Saint-Charles
A Coradia Régiolis Class B 84500 in TER Lorraine livery at Ludres
A double Régiolis Class Z 51500 in TER Aquitaine livery to Hendaye
A Coradia Régiolis Class B 85900 in TER Haute-Normandy livery from Dieppe-Rouen to Auffay
A double Coradia Régiolis Class B 84500 in TER Pays de la Loire livery at Chemillé
A Coradia Régiolis Class B 83500 in TER Midi-Pyrénées livery at Carmaux

Intercités[edit]

  • Nantes - Bordeaux
  • Nantes - Lyon
  • Paris - Granville


TER[edit]

TER Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes[edit]

  • Clermont-FerrandLyon
  • Clermont-Ferrand – Moulins – Nevers
  • Clermont-Ferrand – Vic-le-Comte
  • Clermont-Ferrand – Thiers
  • Clermont-Ferrand – Gannat
  • Clermont-Ferrand – Brioude
Léman Express[edit]

TCR Bourgogne-Franche-Comté[edit]

TER Centre-Val de Loire[edit]

TER Grand Est[edit]

TER Alsace[edit]
  • StrasbourgMolsheimBarr - Saint-Dié-des-Vosges
  • Strasbourg - Haguenau
  • MulhouseBâle
  • Colmar - Metzeral
  • Strasbourg – Mulhouse
  • Strasbourg – Sarreguemines
  • Strasbourg - Nancy / Metz.
TER Lorraine[edit]
  • Épinal – Saint-Dié
  • Nancy – Pont-St-Vincent – Contrexéville – Culmont-Chalindrey
  • Nancy – Épinal – Belfort
  • Nancy – Épinal – Remiremont
  • Nancy – Lunéville – Saint-Dié

TER Hauts-de-France[edit]

TER Normandie[edit]

TER New Aquitaine[edit]

TER Occitanie[edit]

  • ToulouseAgen
  • Toulouse – Carmaux
  • Toulouse – Rodez
  • Toulouse – Mazamet
  • Toulouse – Latour-de-Carol - Enveitg
  • Toulouse – Pau
  • Toulouse – Auch
  • Toulouse – Avignon-Centre
  • Toulouse – Brive-la-Gaillarde.

TER Pays de la Loire[edit]

TER Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur[edit]

Future Operators and Routes[edit]

CDG Express[edit]

The region Ile-de-France has not made orders for Regiolis trains. However, a link located only in this region, will operate by 2024 a dozen trains, specially designed for airport connections. These trains will be operated on the Charles de Gaulle Express, a new line directly connecting the Gare de Paris-Est to terminal 2 of the Paris Charles de Gaulle. These trains will be operated by a new company, bringing together Keolis (subsidiary of the SNCF) and the RATP.

Manufacturing and testing[edit]

On December 1, 2011 three workers making adjustments on Alstom's private test track in Tronville-en-Barrois (Meuse) die mowed by a train under test.[6] This railway test center tests before delivery all Régiolis trains.[7]

This train is manufactured at several Alstom sites:[8]

The Régiolis receives approval for commercial operation, issued by the EPSF in March 2014. The first trains circulate in April 2014 in Aquitaine, Picardy, Lorraine and Alsace.

The width of Regiolis and Regio 2N is incompatible with the gauge available in a number of stations. About 1,300 edges of quays have had to be retouched to clear a few extra centimeters, to allow the passage of these new trains. The cost of this operation is estimated at 50 million euros. While this kind of minimal adaptations of infrastructure to new equipment is routine, the lack of anticipation and the fear of higher prices raised controversy in May 2014.[9]

The first Régiolis, a Z 51500 four-box, is introduced in commercial service with more than a year behind the initial forecasts on April 22, 2014 in Aquitaine, in the Bordeaux - Agen relationship. The same day, Lorraine puts into commercial service its first two-mode regional train B 84500 between Nancy and Saint-Dié-des-Vosges. Finally, six days later, on April 28, Alsace puts into service a bi-mode element peri-urban B 83500 between Strasbourg and Sarreguemines. A month later, May 26, it is the turn of Picardy to introduce its first B 84500 on the Paris-Nord - Laon relationship.

Incident[edit]

As of May 7, 2018, all Regiolis (and Coradia Liner) trainsets are limited to the speed of the "V140" craft (imposing a speed limit of 140 km/h, as well as other speed reductions on certain portions). line). Indeed, during tests carried out in April, it was found, at 160 km/h, that the emergency braking distances exceeded those which allowed the approval of this type of equipment.[10] This restriction, caused by premature aging of the brake linings which will therefore have to be replaced, should be lifted in October of the same year.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Olivier Constant, Les automotrices bicourant et les trams-trains, dans Le Train, p.81.
  2. ^ ALSTOM. "Train régional Coradia Polyvalent : Une géométrie variable". alstom.com (in French). Retrieved 16 August 2015..
  3. ^ "Le futur train régional d'Alstom bientôt opérationnel". La gazette des communes. 14 February 2011..
  4. ^ « Paris-Granville : de nouveaux trains sur les rails », article de La Manche Libre du 3 novembre 2012, consulté le 14 septembre 2013.
  5. ^ SNCF - Régiolis sur la ligne Paris-Granville, dossier de presse du 18 December 2013.
  6. ^ "Lorraine: train mortel d'Alstom: l'horaire de l'essai a été avancé". L'Est Républicain (in French). December 2, 2011.
  7. ^ "Régiolis : passage meusien obligé". L'Est Républicain (in French). October 12, 2015.
  8. ^ http://archive.wikiwix.com/cache/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.alstom.com%2Ffr%2Fpress-centre-francais%2F2018%2F01%2Falstom-fournira-14-rames-coradia-polyvalent-aux-regions-bourgogne-franche-comte-et-grand-est%2F
  9. ^ "Pour renouveler ses TER, la SNCF commande des rames... trop larges". Le Monde (in French). May 20, 2014.
  10. ^ a b Cognasse, Olivier (June 8, 2018). "Alstom contraint de revoir le freinage de ses trains Régiolis, au grand dam de la SNCF". L'Usine Nouvelle (in French).

External links[edit]