Rémi Després

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Rémi Després
Photo RD .jpg
Born(1943-01-16)January 16, 1943
Alma materÉcole polytechnique (France)
UC Berkeley (California)
Known forRCP
Scientific career
FieldsData networks
Computer science

Rémi Després (born January 16, 1943) is a French engineer and entrepreneur known for his contributions on data networking.


In 1961–1963, Rémi Després attended École Polytechnique of Paris, of which he holds an Engineer degree.

At UC Berkeley, he received a master's degree in 1967, and a Ph.D degree in 1969, both in the EECS Department.[1]


From 1963 to 1971 at CNET and UC Berkeley, he specialized in programming languages and time-sharing operating systems.[2]

From 1971 to 1980, Rémi Després was in charge of R&D of the French PTT on packet switching. He was one of the leading "innovators who worked across the boundaries of computers and communications" in the 1970s.[3][4] As such, he introduced the concept of graceful "saturated operation",[5] which was referenced by Bob Kahn and Vint Cerf in their seminal 1974 paper on internetworking, "A Protocol for Packet Network Intercommunication".[6] He named and formalized the concept of virtual circuits and, with his team at CNET, he validated it on the RCP experimental network.[7] He then successfully submitted for the X.25 Recommendation of CCITT, the standard of public data networks of the 1970s–1980s. He was the first Chief Technical Officer in charge of the French TRANSPAC network whose X.25 service has been operational from 1978 to 2011.[8][9]

After working one year for Cap Gemini Sogeti, and four years for SESA,[10] in 1985 Rémi Després founded the LAN and Frame-Relay-products enterprise RCE,[11] a company acquired in 1996 by the CS Group.[12] In 1998, he founded a second startup, StreamCore SA, specialised in quality of service management in TCP/IP, the Internet technology. When Streamcore SA was terminated in 2003, its StreamGroomer products were taken over by a new company, Streamcore Systems SA.

Since 2003, Rémi Després has been working as an independent researcher and consultant, mainly contributing to IETF to facilitate deployment of IPv6, the protocol that had become necessary to extend the number of customer addresses of the Internet. In particular, he invented and promoted 6rd, a mechanism whereby Free, an Internet Service Provider, deployed IPv6 service several years before similar network operators, and in only five weeks.[13][14] Another notable contribution concerned 4rd, a technology to maintain a residual IPv4 service across IPv6-only networks.[15] He also proposed a mechanism for Internet Service Providers to assign IPv6 addresses into customer sites that still have IPv4-only residential gateways,[16] with the distinctive feature that IPv6 traffic between devices of a same site remains within this site. In 2011, Rémi Després and Alexandre Cassen received the Itojun Service Award[17] of the Internet Society for their IPv6 work.[18]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Electrical Engineering and Computer Science - UC Berkeley".
  2. ^ "Algorithme d'Allocation d'Unité Centrale pour Calculateurs Exploités en Temps Partagé (CPU scheduling algorithm for time-shared computers)" (PDF).
  3. ^ Russell, Andrew (2012). "Histories of Networking vs. the History of the Internet" (PDF). Paper Presented at the 2012 SIGCIS Workshop: 9.
  4. ^ Smith, Ed; Miller, Chris; Norton, Jim (2017). "Packet Switching: The first steps on the road to the information society". National Physical Laboratory. p. 25.
  5. ^ R. Despres, “A packet switching network with graceful saturated operation,” in Computer Communications: Impacts and Implications, S. Winkler, Ed. Washington, D.C., 1972
  6. ^ Cerf, V.; Kahn, R. (1974). "A Protocol for Packet Network Intercommunication" (PDF). IEEE Transactions on Communications. 22 (5): 637–648. doi:10.1109/TCOM.1974.1092259. ISSN 1558-0857.
  7. ^ "RCP, The Experimental Packet-Switched Data Transmission Service of The French PTT".
  8. ^ "X.25 Virtual Circuits - Transpac in France - Pre-Internet Data Networking". doi:10.1109/MCOM.2010.5621965. S2CID 23639680. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  9. ^ "Discussion of Technical Choices made for Transpac" (PDF).
  10. ^ Société d'Etudes des Systèmes d'Automation (an X.25-switches company in France)
  11. ^ Réseaux de Communication d'Entreprises SA (Enterprise-communication-networks company)
  12. ^ "CS Group".
  13. ^ Després, Rémi (January 2010). IPv6 Rapid Deployment on IPv4 Infrastructures (6rd). Independent Submission, IETF. doi:10.17487/RFC5569. ISSN 2070-1721. RFC 5569.
  14. ^ W. Townsley; O. Troan (August 2010). IPv6 Rapid Deployment on IPv4 Infrastructures (6rd) -- Protocol Specification. IETF. doi:10.17487/RFC5969. ISSN 2070-1721. RFC 5969.
  15. ^ Després, Rémi; R. Penno; Y. Lee; G. Chen; M. Chen (July 2015). S. Jiang (ed.). IPv4 Residual Deployment via IPv6 - A Stateless Solution (4rd). IETF. doi:10.17487/RFC7600. ISSN 2070-1721. RFC 7600.
  16. ^ Després, Rémi; B. Carpenter; D. Wing; S. Jiang (October 2012). R. Després (ed.). Native IPv6 behind IPv4-to-IPv4 NAT Customer Premises Equipment (6a44). Independent Submission, IETF. doi:10.17487/RFC6751. ISSN 2070-1721. RFC 6751.
  17. ^ "Itojun Service Award".
  18. ^ "Alexandre Cassen and Rémi Després Recognized for Excellence in Advancing IPv6 Next-Generation Internet Protocol". ISOC Monthly Newsletter. ISOC. 2011-11-16.