Réseau express métropolitain

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Réseau express métropolitain
Réseau express métropolitain logo.png
Overview
OwnerCDPQ Infra
LocaleGreater Montreal
Transit typeLight metro
Number of lines1 (3 branches)
Number of stations26
Daily ridership190,000 (projected)[1]
Websiterem.info/en
Operation
Operation will start2022 (2022) (first section between Brossard and Central Station)[2]
Operator(s)SNC-LavalinAlstom
Number of vehicles212 Alstom Metropolis[3]
Technical
System length67 km (42 mi)[4]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Electrification1500 V DC overhead
Top speed100 km/h (62 mph)

The Réseau express métropolitain (REM; English: Metropolitan Express Network; previously known as Réseau électrique métropolitain) is a light metro rapid transit system under construction in the Greater Montreal area around Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The system will link several suburbs with Downtown Montreal via Central Station. It involves the conversion of the existing Deux-Montagnes commuter rail line to light metro standards. A station at Montréal–Trudeau International Airport will serve as the terminus of one of the three branches.

The 67-kilometre (42 mi) light metro rail system is projected to cost CA$6.9 billion.[5] It will be independent of—but connected to—the existing Montreal Metro, operated by the STM. Trains on the network will be fully automated and driverless, and it will become the fifth-longest automated transportation system in the world, after the Singapore Mass Rapid Transit, Kuala Lumpur Rapid KL, Vancouver SkyTrain, and Dubai Metro.[6]

History[edit]

On 13 January 2015, Quebec Premier Philippe Couillard and Michael Sabia, CEO of Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec (CDPQ), agreed to a partnership in which the Crown corporation could assume financing for major transportation projects in the province, with $7.4 billion planned to be spent on infrastructure from 2014 to 2024.[7] Two of these projects were the South Shore Line and the Train de l'Ouest toward the West Island, which eventually merged to become the core of the REM project.[8]

On 22 April 2016, Sabia and Montreal Mayor Denis Coderre unveiled the project, then known as the Réseau électrique métropolitain, to the media. A completion date for a first portion of the system was put forward for December 2020. On 22 June 2016, CDPQ Infra published two requests for qualification: one for the engineering, procurement and construction contract and the other for the rolling stock, systems, operation, and maintenance. The estimated value of the two contracts are $4 billion and $1.5 billion respectively.[9]

On 25 November 2016, CDPQ Infra announced the addition of three new stations to the project. The Central Station, McGill, and Édouard-Montpetit stations will significantly improve downtown Montreal service, and further integrate the REM into the Metro system through fluid and efficient connections to the Orange, Green and Blue lines. The announcement will adjust the price tag of the entire project to a total $5.9 billion.[10][11]

On 15 June 2017, the Government of Canada pledged $1.28 billion to finance the project,[12] thus completely securing the financial portion of the REM. On the same day, Sabia announced that construction on the project was to start at the end of 2017. On 1 December 2017, the CDPQ extended the tender process on the project to the end of January 2018, citing a need for additional discussions with the bidders.[13]

A REM Alstom Metropolis train unveiled at a press conference in Montreal

Procurement[edit]

On 28 June 2016, CDPQ Infra launched two public tenders in parallel: one for "Engineering, Procurement and Construction" (EPC, or "Ingénierie, Approvisionnement et Construction des infrastructures" (IAC) in French), and a second, for "Rolling Stock, Systems and Operation and Maintenance Services" (RSSOM, or "Fourniture du Matériel Roulant, de Systèmes de conduite automatique et de Services d'Exploitation et de Maintenance" (MRSEM) in French).[14][15] Following a prequalification phase, the Caisse's subsidiary announced, on 10 November 2016, the qualified candidates that would be allowed to submit a bid:

According to the media, the final bids were submitted to CDPQ Infra on 27 October 2017.[18] On 10 November 2017, the date of the planned announcement of the selected contractors, the procurement process was "postponed indefinitely," according to the Caisse's subsidiary, to provide more time for the analysis and evaluation of the bids received.[19] On 8 February 2018, CDPQ Infra finally announced its selection: Groupe NouvLR consortium for the EPC contract (SNC-Lavalin Grands Projets, Dragados, Aecon, Pomerleau, EBC and AECOM) and the Groupe des Partenaires pour la Mobilité des Montréalais for the RSSOM contract (Alstom and SNC-Lavalin O&M).[17][20] The contracts' value is estimated to be around $6.3 billion, out of which approximately 80% account for the EPC contract.[21]

Construction[edit]

Preparatory work began in late March 2018.[22] On 12 April 2018, the project broke ground officially.[23]

In December 2019, CDPQ revised the capital cost of the project to CA$6.5 billion, an increase of $230 million.[24][25]

In November 2020, A disruption from an 'unexpected' explosion during the renovation of the Mont Royal Tunnel, which officials believe was caused by century-old explosives, delayed the opening of the central section of the REM to from 2022 to 2023.[26]

In June 2021, CDPQ updated the project costs to CA$6.9 billion, an increase of $350 million, citing impacts from the COVID-19 pandemic.[27][28]

Route[edit]

The primary route is based around the Mount Royal Tunnel, where new underground stations are being built to connect with the existing McGill and Édouard-Montpetit Metro stations. New connections with commuter rail will be built near the A-40 to the Mascouche line.

Southeast from Central Station, the line will follow existing rail lines past Cité du Havre and across to Nuns' Island and then use a rail deck constructed on the new Champlain Bridge to cross the St. Lawrence. Three stations in Brossard on the South Shore are being built: Panama, connecting to the existing bus terminal, Du Quartier, directly connected to the DIX30 commercial district, and Brossard, a future bus terminus. One station, Chevrier, is part of future plans.

The northwest branch will be a direct conversion of the existing Deux-Montagnes line, with the doubling of the tracks beyond Bois-Franc station. On the West Island, new branch routes off the northwest branch will begin near the A-13, with the airport branch making a stop in Technoparc Saint-Laurent before terminating at Montréal–Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport and the other branch will follow an existing rail corridor through Pointe-Claire and Kirkland before it ends in Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue.

In the city centre, three stations are being built to interconnect with existing Metro lines; McGill will connect with the Green Line,[11] Édouard-Montpetit will connect with the Blue Line,[11] and Bonaventure Gare Centrale will connect with the Orange Line.

REM system and stations with their originally proposed names

Stations[edit]

The REM will consist of 26 stations on three branches. Twelve of these stations are currently on the Deux-Montagnes line and will become part of the REM after being converted to rapid transit standards. Several have received new names since the project's inception.[29]

South Shore and Central section (all branches)[edit]

All stations on the main branch of the Réseau express métropolitain are projected to have a train frequency of 2.5 minutes during rush hour, and every 5 minutes otherwise, both towards Brossard station and towards the three different branches.

Station Opening for REM[2] Opened Parking spots[30] Bike racks Connections
Brossard Q3 2022 N/A 2950 50 RTL, Exo; 22 bus platforms
Du Quartier Q3 2022 None 74 RTL; street stops only
Panama Q3 2022 TBD 200 Terminus Brossard-Panama; RTL and Exo; 31 bus platforms
Île-des-Soeurs Q3 2022 None 20 STM; 4 bus platforms
Griffintown–Bernard-Landry 2023 None None STM; street stops only
Central Station Q3 2022 1943 None None VIA Rail Canada simplified.svg, AmtrakAmtrak, AMT Mont-Saint-Hilaire icon.png Mont-Saint-Hilaire line, MtlMetro2.svg Bonaventure

Downtown Terminus (Terminus RTL), Société de transport de Montréal (STM) 150, 355, 358, 410, 430, 465, 480 (Express), 715, 747 (Express), 36, 61, 168, 420 (on University Street), 74 (on rue de la Gauchetière), 107 (on Peel Street)[31]

Several other nearby connections via the RÉSO underground city.

McGill Q4 2023 1966 None None MtlMetro1.svg McGill, STM 15, 35, 61, 125, 168, 358, 420

Several other nearby connections via the RÉSO underground city.

Édouard-Montpetit Q4 2023 1988 None 30 MtlMetro5.svg Édouard-Montpetit, STM 51, 119, 368
Canora Q4 2023 1918 None 100 STM 92 on Jean Talon Street, 160 (less than 200 metres or 220 yards south at Wilderton Ave. / Bates Rd. east bound & Wilderton Ave. / Barclay St. west bound[32]), 372 on Jean Talon Street
Ville-de-Mont-Royal Q4 2023 1918 None 60 STM 16, 119, 165, 465
Côte-de-Liesse Q4 2023 N/A None 35 AMT Mascouche icon.png Mascouche line; STM; street stops only
Montpellier Q4 2023 1918 None 60 STM; street stops only
Du Ruisseau Q4 2023 1994 1,060 45 STM, STL; 1 bus platform + street stops
Bois-Franc Q2 2024 1994 740 120 STM, STL; 6 bus platforms + street stops
 STM:64,126,164,170,171,215,468 and 382  STL:55,144,151,902

Deux-Montagnes branch[edit]

Stations on the Deux-Montagnes branch are projected to run every five minutes during rush hour, and every fifteen minutes otherwise.

Station Opening for REM[2] Opened Parking spots Bike racks Connections
Sunnybrooke Q2 2024 1994 400 40 STM; street stops only
Pierrefonds-Roxboro Q2 2024 1944 1,140 80 STM; 6 bus platforms + street stops
Île-Bigras Q4 2024 1995 45 20 STL (taxibus only)
Sainte-Dorothée Q4 2024 1995 975 45 STL; 6 bus platforms
Grand-Moulin Q4 2024 1925[33] 304[34] 44 Exo; street stops only
Deux-Montagnes Q4 2024 1995 1,256[35] 247 Exo; 6 bus platforms + street stops

Airport branch[edit]

The Airport branch of the Réseau express métropolitain is projected to run every ten minutes during rush hour, and every fifteen minutes otherwise.

Station Planned opening[2] Parking spots Bike racks Connections
Marie-Curie End of 2024 None 20 STM; street stops only
YUL–Montréal–Trudeau Airport End of 2024 None None Connection to Montréal–Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport

Anse-à-l'Orme branch[edit]

The Anse-à-l'Orme (formerly Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue) branch of the Réseau express métropolitain is projected to run every ten minutes during rush hour, and every fifteen minutes otherwise.

Station Planned opening[2] Parking spots Bike racks Connections
Des Sources Q2 2024 500 20 STM; 1 bus platform + street stops
Fairview–Pointe-Claire Q2 2024 700 50 STM; 17 bus platforms
Kirkland Q2 2024 2,500 30 STM; 6 bus platforms
Anse-à-l'Orme Q2 2024 200 20 STM, Exo; 11 bus platforms

Controversies[edit]

In a report prepared by the Bureau d'audiences publiques sur l'environnement (BAPE) and released on 20 January 2017, the project was criticized. In the words of journalist Denis Lessard, "the BAPE poured cold water" on the project.[36]

Notably, the BAPE pointed to a lack of crucial information being provided on the project's financial model, environmental impact, and impact on ridership levels throughout public transit networks around Montreal. Without such information, the BAPE declared that it was "premature to authorize the realization of this project".[37]

The BAPE also estimated that CDPQ Infra did not meet its obligations for transparency, as it had failed to provide information in a timely fashion on the ridership levels of the REM's three antennaes (route branches).[37]

The CDPQ Infra was also reproached for not studying the impact of the REM on existing public transit authorities.[37] CDPQ Infra was criticized for not being able to answer questions like how much tickets would cost, whether municipalities on the REM would themselves have to pay for the necessary infrastructure for access to it, and whether municipalities also have to contribute to the REM's operation.[37]

A lawsuit filed by Coalition Climat further alleged that the REM project violated federalism for a lack of federal assessment that harmed citizens' environmental rights by contributing to noise pollution and urban heat islands. The lawsuit was dismissed by the Quebec Superior Court on 13 December 2017.[38]

Another controversy occurred in November 2019, when Montreal mayor Valerie Plante proposed naming Griffintown's REM station after controversial politician Bernard Landry, sparking a backlash from the city's Irish community.[39] As a compromise, the station was named Griffintown–Bernard-Landry, which still proved controversial.[40]

Future lines, stations and extensions[edit]

On 20 May 2019, the Quebec provincial government announced that they had requested CDPQi to study two REM extensions. The government also made a request to determine the best electrical transit system to be put in place for the Montreal East Island, with the possibility of it being a new REM line.[41] The proposal became the REM de l'Est Project. The federal government also requested the Canadian Infrastructure Bank study a possible extension of the REM to Dorval train station.[42] The city of Montreal requested two stations instead of one station at Bassin Peel.[43] Mayor Valérie Plante announced funding for the West branch of the "Pink Line".[44] This branch would be a continuation of a REM line, if it is the technology chosen by the CDPQi.

Laval branch[edit]

The REM would be extended nearly 20 km (12 mi) to Carrefour Laval from Du Ruisseau station.

Chambly extension[edit]

The REM would be extended nearly 30 km (19 mi) to Chambly and St-Jean-sur-Richelieu from Brossard station.

Dorval station[edit]

An extra station would be added at the Dorval train station to connect with Exo and Via Rail trains. This station would be about a 1-kilometre (0.62 mi) extension from the Airport station.

Pointe-Saint-Charles station[edit]

This station would be added between Île-des-Soeurs and Griffintown–Bernard-Landry stations.

REM de l'Est[edit]

The "REM de l'Est" line would start near Montreal Central Station on René-Lévesque in downtown, continuing east on Notre-Dame, then spliting into two branches: one heading to Pointe-aux-Trembles via Sherbrooke, and one heading to Cégep Marie-Victorin via Lacordaire. This line would connect to the REM's main line, Exo commuter rail trains, Via Rail at Central Station, the STM Green Line at Assomption and Honoré-Beaugrand stations, and the Blue Line at a future Lacordaire station. This line would also connect to the Mascouche line at Pointe-aux-Trembles station and Pie-IX bus rapid transit at Pie-IX Sud station.[45][46]

Lachine "Pink Line West" branch[edit]

If the REM technology is chosen, this branch would connect Lachine to Downtown Montreal to the East Island line.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sommaire des previsions d'achalandage du REM" (PDF). www.cdpqinfra.com. CDPQ Infra Inc. February 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e "COVID-19 and the safety of the Mount Royal Tunnel: what to know about the updated REM schedule in relation to the exceptional events of 2020". Réseau express métropolitain. 11 November 2020. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  3. ^ "Les trains du REM seront construits en Inde" (in French). 12 April 2018. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  4. ^ Magder, Jason (22 April 2016). "Electric light-rail train network spearheaded by Caisse de dépôt to span Montreal by 2020". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved 22 April 2016.
  5. ^ "REM light rail project price tag rises due to pandemic complications". Montreal. 3 June 2021. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  6. ^ "Réseau électrique métropolitain". cdpqinfra.com. Archived from the original on 2 May 2021. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  7. ^ Jason Magder, Montreal Gazette More Jason Magder, Montreal Gazette. "The Caisse's first two mass transit projects in brief - Montreal Gazette". Montreal Gazette.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ Paul Delean, Montreal Gazette More Paul Delean, Montreal Gazette. "Caisse revs up for new role as infrastructure provider". Montreal Gazette.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  9. ^ Briginshaw, David (30 June 2016). "Tendering starts for Montreal rail project". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
  10. ^ Magder, Jason (25 November 2016). "Three REM train stations added to proposed route through downtown Montreal". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  11. ^ a b c Wanek-Libman, Mischa (28 November 2016). "Proposed Montréal REM project grows by three stations and CA$400M". Railway Track & Structures. Simmons-Boardman Publishing Inc.
  12. ^ "The Government of Canada confirms a $1.28-billion investment in the Réseau électrique métropolitain". www.newswire.ca. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  13. ^ "Citing 'value for money', Caisse extends bidding for REM electric-train project". Montreal Gazette. 1 December 2017. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
  14. ^ "Ingénierie, Approvisionnement et Construction des infrastructures du Réseau Électrique Métropolitain de Montréal" (PDF) (in French). 28 June 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 August 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
  15. ^ "Fourniture du Matériel Roulant, de Systèmes et de Services d'Exploitation et de Maintenance du Réseau Électrique Métropolitain de Montréal" (PDF) (in French). 28 June 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 August 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
  16. ^ a b c "Appel de qualification : résultats" (PDF) (in French). 10 November 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 November 2016. Retrieved 11 November 2016.;
  17. ^ a b "Main partners". Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  18. ^ "REM: les offres finales des soumissionnaires déposées aujourd'hui" (in French). 27 October 2017. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  19. ^ "REM: le choix des consortiums reporté". 11 November 2017. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
  20. ^ "REM: les offres finales des soumissionnaires déposées aujourd'hui" (in French). 8 February 2018. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  21. ^ "CDPQ Infra awards contracts for Montreal REM". 8 February 2018. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
  22. ^ "South Shore preparatory work gets underway | REM". rem.info.
  23. ^ http://news.morningstar.com/all/canada-news-wire/20180411C5798/media-invitation-rseau-express-mtropolitain-official-groundbreaking.aspx
  24. ^ "Montreal REM cost revised up to $6.5 billion - constructconnect.com". Daily Commercial News. 9 January 2020. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  25. ^ Boshra, Basem (17 December 2019). "Closing of Mount Royal Tunnel postponed, cost of REM project jumps by $230 million". Montreal. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  26. ^ "Opening of REM delayed after COVID-19 work stoppages and an 'unexpected' explosion". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 11 November 2020.
  27. ^ "REM construction moving forward in Greater Montreal but problems remain". Global News. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  28. ^ "REM light rail project price tag rises due to pandemic complications". Montreal. 3 June 2021. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  29. ^ "Stations". REM. Réseau express métropolitain. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  30. ^ https://rem.info/fr/stations
  31. ^ "Maps". stm.info. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  32. ^ "Bus - Schedules". stm.info. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  33. ^ "Transit History of the Banlieues de Montreal, Quebec". Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  34. ^ "Gare Grand-Moulin". RTM.
  35. ^ RTM. "Gare Deux-Montagnes".
  36. ^ "Train électrique: le BAPE jette une douche froide sur le projet de la Caisse - Denis Lessard - Politique québécoise". lapresse.ca. 20 January 2017. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  37. ^ a b c d "Train électrique: un projet prématuré, selon le BAPE - Bruno Bisson - Montréal". lapresse.ca. 21 January 2017. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  38. ^ "Challenge of Caisse de dépôt's REM train project rejected by Superior Court". montrealgazette.ca. 13 December 2017. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  39. ^ "OTL Blog » Blog Archive » An Open Letter from a City of Montreal Ambassador to Mayor Valerie Plante RE: Griffintown REM Proposal and Negative International Reaction". Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  40. ^ Luft, Amy (22 June 2020). "Montreal's Irish community disappointed new REM station in Griffintown will be named after former premier Bernard Landry". Montreal.
  41. ^ "Plante fumes as Quebec considers possible expansion of REM | Montreal Gazette". 7 May 2019.
  42. ^ "Un prolongement du REM pourrait relier la gare de Dorval à l'aéroport". Le Devoir.
  43. ^ "Bassin Peel: la Ville demande deux stations du REM". La Presse. 31 October 2019.
  44. ^ Page, Julia; McKenna, Kate (26 June 2019). "Montreal secures Quebec support for part of Pink line — a tramway from downtown to Lachine". CBC News Montreal. Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  45. ^ Teisceira-Lessard, Philippe; Ouellette-Vézina, Henri (15 December 2020). "Un train toutes les deux minutes pour le nord et l'est de Montréal" [A train every two minutes for north and east of Montreal]. La Presse (in French). Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  46. ^ Olson, Issac (15 December 2020). "Montreal's east end to get its own $10B light-rail network". CBC News. Retrieved 15 December 2020.

External links[edit]