Río Cuarto, Córdoba

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Río Cuarto
City
Roca Square
Roca Square
Flag of Río Cuarto
Flag
Coat of arms of Río Cuarto
Coat of arms
Río Cuarto is located in Argentina
Río Cuarto
Río Cuarto
Location of Río Cuarto in Argentina
Coordinates: 33°8′S 64°21′W / 33.133°S 64.350°W / -33.133; -64.350Coordinates: 33°8′S 64°21′W / 33.133°S 64.350°W / -33.133; -64.350
Country Argentina
Province Córdoba
Department Río Cuarto
Government
 • Mayor Juan Jure (Civic and Social Front)
Area
 • Total 64.25 km2 (24.81 sq mi)
Elevation 452 m (1,483 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 159,706
 • Density 2,500/km2 (6,400/sq mi)
Time zone ART (UTC-3)
CPA base X5800
Dialing code +54 358
Website Official website

Río Cuarto is a city in the province of Córdoba, Argentina. Located in the south of the province, it has about 144,000 inhabitants (2001 census [INDEC]) and is an important commercial and agricultural hub.

Overview[edit]

The Río Cuarto River flows through the province of Córdoba; its central location in the Humid Pampas favored the city's development as a transport hub for much of the surrounding agriculture, and numerous abbatoirs and food processing plants opened in Río Cuarto during the twentieth century.

Río Cuarto was founded on November 11, 1786, as Villa de la Concepción del Río Cuarto, by the colonial Governor Rafael de Sobremonte. Its first rail connection was by way of the former Andean Railway in 1870, after which the village grew rapidly with the influx of Italian and Spanish immigrants (mainly as tenant farmers). The municipal government charter establishing the modern system of elected mayors and city council was enacted in 1883; the city's first elected mayor was Moysés Irusta.

The Bicentennial Bridge
The chapel at Estancia El Durazno.

Father Antonio Cardarelli commissioned the construction of the city's principal Roman Catholic church, the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, built between 1883 and 1886. The National University of Río Cuarto, established in 1971, is located here. The city's football teams include Estudiantes and Atenas. Río Cuarto hosted the International Biology Olympiad in 2006.

The city is served by National Routes 8, 36, and 158; as well as Las Higueras Airport, inaugurated in 1954. The cable-stayed Bicentennial Bridge, was inaugurated in 2010. Some of the city's principal tourist draws include the Río Cuarto Racetrack, which hosts Turismo Carretera touring car racing events; and Estancia El Durazno, an estate built in 1917 belonging to former Governor Ambrosio Olmos. The Río Cuarto craters, a group of geologically unusual impact craters, are located nearby. The city's UN/LOCODE is ARRCU.

University of Río Cuarto[edit]

The National University of Río Cuarto was created on 1 May 1971 by a decree signed by President Alejandro Lanusse in accordance with the Taquini Plan enacted the previous year to provide greater access to university education in Argentina.

The University of Río Cuarto had an enrollment of 14,000 students in 2013, and employs 2,000 teaching staff.[1] By its nature a multidisciplinary center in its scope a wide variety of activities, the university hosts frequent conferences, congresses, seminars, and graduate courses.

Through the operation of 42 graduate and fourth-level racing term (PhD, Masters and Professional), the university provides a diversified curriculum and contributes to the scientific and technical training, vocational training, scientific research, and development of cultural life.

Climate[edit]

The climate is temperate, typical of the humid Pampas, with four marked seasons. Summers are warm with frequent thunderstorms; however, the heat is often "cut" by periods of southerly winds, so that the average high is a comfortable 29 °C, despite the fact that it can reach 38 °C.

Fall arrives slowly in March, and winter arrives in May with the first frosts. During the very dry winters, temperatures vary according to wind patterns: northwesterly, downsloping winds can bring temperatures of 25 °C (but with cool nights) even in midwinter, whereas southerly winds can leave daytime highs around 6 °C. Temperatures descend to -5 °C sometimes, and snow is uncommon, but not extremely so: in 2007, over 15 cm of snow covered the city, and temperatures plummeted to -11 °C, reaching highs of only 0 °C on one occasion.

Spring brings violent thunderstorms and wide temperature swings, with heat waves followed by frost or cool periods. On some years, the normal winter drought extends into the spring, posing a threat to agriculture; however, at 846 mm, Rio Cuarto´s climate is generally favourable for crops.

Climate data for Rio Cuarto (Las Higueras Airport) 1961–1990, extremes 1970–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 40.3
(104.5)
39.7
(103.5)
36.8
(98.2)
34.9
(94.8)
31.6
(88.9)
29.5
(85.1)
32.4
(90.3)
37.0
(98.6)
38.3
(100.9)
41.2
(106.2)
40.0
(104)
42.9
(109.2)
42.9
(109.2)
Average high °C (°F) 29.5
(85.1)
28.6
(83.5)
26.1
(79)
23.1
(73.6)
19.7
(67.5)
15.9
(60.6)
15.8
(60.4)
18.3
(64.9)
20.5
(68.9)
23.6
(74.5)
26.4
(79.5)
28.6
(83.5)
23.0
(73.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 23.0
(73.4)
22.1
(71.8)
19.6
(67.3)
16.4
(61.5)
13.1
(55.6)
9.6
(49.3)
9.2
(48.6)
11.0
(51.8)
13.5
(56.3)
16.9
(62.4)
19.9
(67.8)
22.1
(71.8)
16.4
(61.5)
Average low °C (°F) 17.3
(63.1)
16.6
(61.9)
14.7
(58.5)
11.6
(52.9)
8.1
(46.6)
4.8
(40.6)
4.3
(39.7)
5.4
(41.7)
7.7
(45.9)
11.1
(52)
14.0
(57.2)
16.4
(61.5)
11.0
(51.8)
Record low °C (°F) 8.5
(47.3)
6.2
(43.2)
3.3
(37.9)
−1.9
(28.6)
−4.3
(24.3)
−5.4
(22.3)
−10.6
(12.9)
−4.9
(23.2)
−2.6
(27.3)
−0.5
(31.1)
0.0
(32)
4.5
(40.1)
−10.6
(12.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 123.9
(4.878)
86.3
(3.398)
120.0
(4.724)
47.4
(1.866)
23.5
(0.925)
16.7
(0.657)
12.6
(0.496)
15.5
(0.61)
42.3
(1.665)
86.2
(3.394)
121.0
(4.764)
143.9
(5.665)
839.3
(33.043)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 10 8 9 6 4 4 3 3 4 8 10 11 80
Average relative humidity (%) 65 66 72 73 72 70 69 60 58 62 61 63 66
Percent possible sunshine 53.2 54.0 53.0 54.6 52.3 49.8 48.8 55.7 54.0 50.4 51.2 51.5 52.38
Source #1: NOAA,[2] Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario (record highs and lows)[3]
Source #2: Secretaria de Mineria (sun),[4] Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (precipitation days)[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Anuario Estadístico de la República Argentina 2014" (PDF). Indec. p. 161-6. 
  2. ^ "Río Cuarto Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved November 8, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Rio Cuarto, Córdoba". Estadísticas meteorológicas decadiales (in Spanish). Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario. Retrieved November 8, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Provincia de Córdoba - Clima Y Meteorologia: Datos Meteorologicos Y Pluviometicos" (in Spanish). Secretaria de Mineria de la Nacion (Argentina). Retrieved January 20, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Valores Medios de Temperatura y Precipitación-Cordoba: Rio Cuarto" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved November 8, 2015. 

External links[edit]