Río Grande, Puerto Rico
Municipio de Río Grande
City and Municipality
Trees in Mameyes II, Río Grande
"La Ciudad del Yunque"
|Anthem: "Entre las ondas que juguetean"|
Map of Puerto Rico highlighting Río Grande Municipality
|Founded||July 16, 1840|
|• Mayor||Hon. Angel "Bori" González (PPD)|
|• Senatorial dist.||8 - Carolina|
|• Representative dist.||36,37|
|• Total||89.6 sq mi (232.11 km2)|
|• Land||60.7 sq mi (157.28 km2)|
|• Water||28.9 sq mi (74.83 km2)|
|• Density||610/sq mi (230/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−4 (AST)|
|Major routes|| |
Río Grande (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈri.o ˈɣɾande]) is a municipality of Puerto Rico located in the Northern Coastal Valley, north of Las Piedras, Naguabo and Ceiba; east of Loíza and Canóvanas and west of Luquillo. Río Grande is spread over eight barrios and Río Grande Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Río Grande was founded on July 16, 1840, by Desiderio and Quilimaco Escobar, with the approbation of governor Miguel López. It was named after the Río Grande and is located where the Río Grande and the Río Espíritu Santo join.
Río Grande is on the northeastern coast and Sierra Luquillo Mountains.
Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Río Grande is subdivided into barrios (which mean barrios or boroughs or neighborhoods in Spanish). The municipal buildings, central square and a large Catholic church are located in a small, central barrio called barrio-pueblo or simply Pueblo.
Barrios (which are like minor civil divisions) in turn are further subdivided into smaller local populated place areas/units called sectores (which means sectors in English). The types of sectores may vary, from normally sector to urbanización to reparto to barriada to residencial, among others.
Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico (Special Communities of Puerto Rico) are marginalized communities whose citizens are experiencing a certain amount of social exclusion. A map shows these communities occur in nearly every municipality of the commonwealth. Of the 742 places that were on the list in 2014, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods were in Río Grande: Sector Montebello and Sector El Hoyo in Malpica, Las Dolores, La Ponderosa, Villa Realidad, Estancias del Sol, and Hong Kong.
Puerto Rico was ceded by Spain in the aftermath of the Spanish–American War under the terms of the Treaty of Paris of 1898 and became a territory of the United States. In 1899, the United States conducted its first census of Puerto Rico finding that the population of Río Grande was 12,365.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
1899 (shown as 1900) 1910-1930
1930-1950 1960-2000 2010
Río Grande is home to one of the largest secluded areas with beach access (Coco Beach) on the entire island. Major hotels in the area include Wyndham Grand Rio Mar Resort and Hyatt Regency Grand Reserve. Every March, Hyatt Regency Grand Reserve plays host to the PGA Tour's Puerto Rico Open.
- The Wyndham Rio Mar Beach Resort and Spa
- Hyatt Regency Grand Reserve
- St. Regis Bahía Beach Resort & Golf Club
Landmarks and places of interest
There are 27 beaches in Río Grande. Main attractions of Río Grande are:
- Coco Beach
- El Yunque
- Indio Cave
- Las Picúas Beach
Fruits, ornamental plants, vegetables, and cattle.
Local retail stores are aside highway PR-3. Large shopping centers were not present mainly due to the closeness of the Canóvanas shopping district area. However, there is one large shopping mall located on 65th Infantry expressway and 956th street. Because it is relatively new, many of its spaces are not leased yet.[when?] Together both cities are growing economically very fast and becoming the eastern economic bloc of the northeastern area of Puerto Rico attracting hotels, shopping malls, sport venues among others. Another thing that is making Río Grande more attractive to tourists and businesses alike is the newly constructed and opened Route 66 (or Ruta 66), which makes it a lot more accessible and more appealing to home buyers.
In 2019, volunteers and police who formed a group called Consejo Comunitario de Seguridad de Río Piedras celebrated their 32nd year aiding local businesses with security issues. This group works to ensure the safety and security of business patrons in the downtown area of Río Piedras.
Manufacture of textiles.
Festivals and events
Río Grande celebrates its patron saint festival in July. The Fiestas Patronales de Nuestra Señora del Carmen is a religious and cultural celebration that generally features parades, games, artisans, amusement rides, regional food, and live entertainment.
Other festivals and events celebrated in Río Grande include:
- Río Grande Carnival – July
- Stuffed Potato Festival – April
- Las Picúas Festival – September
Baseball, basketball and handball are popular sports in Río Grande.
Like all municipalities in Puerto Rico, Río Grande is administered by a mayor. The current mayor is Angel "Bori" González, who was elected in a special election on September 14, 2014. González is replacing Eduard Rivera Correa, who was elected at the 2004 general election. However, Rivera Correa stepped down from office after being indicted on federal charges.
There are 48 bridges in Río Grande.
The Río Grande flag consists of two horizontal stripes of equal size, upper one is green with lower one been blue, and united by a white triangle placed on the side of the mast. On the white triangle is a Puerto Rican parrot.
Coat of arms
In a silver field, two Puerto Rican parrot (Amazona vitatta), accompanied by a waving blue stripe, a green mountain with three peaks. The top portion of the shield is blue, with an opened silver book, accompanied on each side by five gold coins. Topped by a three tower gold crown outlined in black with green openings.
- Blanch, José (December 23, 1894). "Directorio comercial é industrial de la isla de Puerto-Rico para 1894. Formado con relaciones oficiales remitidas por los sres. alcaldes municipales de cada localidad" (in Spanish). Puerto-Rico, "La correspondencia" – via Internet Archive.
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- "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
- Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza:Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (First ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 273, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
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- "Land Areas of the National Forest System" (PDF). U.S. Forest Service. January 2012. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved June 28, 2012.
- "Las 1,200 playas de Puerto Rico [The 1200 beaches of Puerto Rico]". Primera Hora (in Spanish). April 14, 2017. Archived from the original on December 12, 2019. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
- "Consejo Comunitario de Seguridad de Río Piedras celebra 32 años de lucha y trabajo voluntario • WIPR". December 11, 2019. Archived from the original on December 13, 2019. Retrieved December 13, 2019.
- Criollo Oquero, Agustín (September 14, 2014). "Ángel "Bori" González es el nuevo alcalde de Río Grande". El Nuevo Día. Retrieved September 17, 2014.
- Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General Archived 2013-01-15 at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR
- "Río Grande Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Archived from the original on 21 February 2019. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
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- Río Grande and its barrios, United States Census Bureau
- Puerto Rico Government Directory - Rio Grande