Río Grande, Puerto Rico

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Río Grande
Municipio de Río Grande
View of Río Grande
Trees in Mameyes II, Río Grande
Flag of Río Grande
Coat of arms of Río Grande
Nickname(s): 
"La Ciudad de El Yunque"
Anthem: "Entre las ondas que juguetean"
Map of Puerto Rico highlighting Río Grande Municipality
Map of Puerto Rico highlighting Río Grande Municipality
Coordinates: 18°22′49″N 65°49′53″W / 18.38028°N 65.83139°W / 18.38028; -65.83139Coordinates: 18°22′49″N 65°49′53″W / 18.38028°N 65.83139°W / 18.38028; -65.83139
Commonwealth Puerto Rico
FoundedJuly 16, 1840
Barrios
Government
 • MayorHon. Angel "Bori" González (PPD)
 • Senatorial dist.8 - Carolina
 • Representative dist.36,37
Area
 • Total89.6 sq mi (232.11 km2)
 • Land60.7 sq mi (157.28 km2)
 • Water28.9 sq mi (74.83 km2)
Elevation23 ft (7 m)
Population
 (2020)[2]
 • Total47,538
 • Density530/sq mi (200/km2)
Demonym(s)Riograndeños
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
ZIP Codes
00721, 00745
Area code(s)787/939
Major routesPR primary 3.svg PR secondary 187.svg Ellipse sign 186.svg Ellipse sign 191.svg
Toll plate yellow.svg
PR primary 66.svg

Río Grande (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈri.o ˈɣɾande]) is a town and municipality of Puerto Rico located on the eastern edge of the Northern Coastal Valley, north of Las Piedras, Naguabo and Ceiba; east of Loíza and Canóvanas and west of Luquillo. Río Grande is spread over eight barrios and Río Grande Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area. A big portion of El Yunque National Forest, including El Yunque's peak, is located within the municipality.

History[edit]

Río Grande was founded on July 16, 1840, by Desiderio and Quilimaco Escobar, with the approbation of governor Miguel López. It was named after the Río Grande and is located where the Río Grande and the Río Espíritu Santo join.

In 1894, there were two sugar cane haciendas and 256 estancias growing minor fruits.[3]

Hurricane Maria[edit]

Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017, triggered numerous landslides in Río Grande with the significant amount of rainfall.[4][5]

Geography[edit]

Río Grande is on the northeastern coast of the island north of the Sierra de Luquillo.[6] A large portion of El Yunque National Forest and some of the highest points of the Sierra de Luquillo are located within Río Grande including El Yunque and El Toro, which at 3,474 feet (1,070 m) is the highest point in eastern Puerto Rico.

Barrios[edit]

Subdivisions of Río Grande.

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Río Grande is subdivided into barrios (which mean barrios or boroughs or neighborhoods in Spanish). The municipal buildings, central square and a large Catholic church are located in a small, central barrio called barrio-pueblo or simply Pueblo.[7][8][9]

Sectors[edit]

Barrios (which are like minor civil divisions)[10] in turn are further subdivided into smaller local populated place areas/units called sectores (which means sectors in English). The types of sectores may vary, from normally sector to urbanización to reparto to barriada to residencial, among others.[11][12][13][14][15][16]

Special Communities[edit]

Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico (Special Communities of Puerto Rico) are marginalized communities whose citizens are experiencing a certain amount of social exclusion. A map shows these communities occur in nearly every municipality of the commonwealth. Of the 742 places that were on the list in 2014, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods were in Río Grande: Sector Montebello and Sector El Hoyo in Malpica, Las Dolores, La Ponderosa, Villa Realidad, Estancias del Sol, and Hong Kong.[17][18]

Demographics[edit]

In 1894, while a Spanish colony, the population of Río Grande was 6,237.[3] Puerto Rico was ceded by Spain in the aftermath of the Spanish–American War under the terms of the Treaty of Paris of 1898 and became a territory of the United States. In 1899, the United States conducted its first census of Puerto Rico finding that the population of Río Grande was 12,365.

Historical population
Census Pop.
190012,365
191013,94812.8%
192013,247−5.0%
193014,0856.3%
194016,11614.4%
195016,6513.3%
196017,2333.5%
197022,03227.8%
198034,28355.6%
199045,64833.2%
200052,36214.7%
201054,3043.7%
202047,060−13.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[19]
1899 (shown as 1900)[20] 1910-1930[21]
1930-1950[22] 1960-2000[23] 2010[8] 2020[24]

Tourism[edit]

Río Grande is home to one of the largest secluded areas with beach access (Coco Beach) on the entire island. Major hotels in the area include Wyndham Grand Rio Mar Resort and Hyatt Regency Grand Reserve. Every March, Hyatt Regency Grand Reserve plays host to the PGA Tour's Puerto Rico Open.[25]

Within a ten-minute drive is El Yunque National Forest, the only tropical rain forest within the United States National Forest System.[26]

Hotels[edit]

Landmarks and places of interest[edit]

There are 27 beaches in Río Grande.[27] Main attractions of Río Grande are:

Economy[edit]

Flame tree and cows in Río Grande

Agriculture[edit]

The municipality has agricultural activity that produces fruits, vegetables, ornamental plants, and cattle.[28]

Business[edit]

Local retail stores are aside highway PR-3. There is one large shopping mall located on 65th Infantry expressway and 956th street. The northeastern area of Puerto Rico has attracted hotels, shopping malls, sport venues among others. In 2012 the Puerto Rico Highway 66, which provides easy access to San Juan, was opened which runs along the municipality.

In 2019, volunteers and police who formed a group called Consejo Comunitario de Seguridad de Río Piedras celebrated their 32nd year aiding local businesses with security issues. This group works to ensure the safety and security of business patrons in the downtown area of Río Piedras.[29]

Culture[edit]

Festivals and events[edit]

Río Grande celebrates its patron saint festival in July. The Fiestas Patronales de Nuestra Señora del Carmen is a religious and cultural celebration that generally features parades, games, artisans, amusement rides, regional food, and live entertainment.[6]

Other festivals and events celebrated in Río Grande include:

  • Río Grande Carnival – July
  • Stuffed Potato Festival – April
  • Las Picúas Festival – September

Sports[edit]

Baseball, basketball and handball are popular sports in Río Grande.

Government[edit]

Like all municipalities in Puerto Rico, Río Grande is administered by a mayor. The current mayor is Angel "Bori" González, who was elected in a special election on September 14, 2014. González is replacing Eduard Rivera Correa, who was elected at the 2004 general election. However, Rivera Correa stepped down from office after being indicted on federal charges.[30]

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district VIII, which is represented by two senators. In 2012, Pedro A. Rodríguez and Luis Daniel Rivera were elected as District Senators.[31]

Transportation[edit]

There are 48 bridges in Río Grande.[32]

Symbols[edit]

Escudo de Río Grande, Puerto Rico, Ciudad de El Yunque.svg

The municipio has an official flag and coat of arms.[33]

Flag[edit]

The Río Grande flag consists of two horizontal stripes of equal size, upper one is green with lower one been blue, and united by a white triangle placed on the side of the mast. On the white triangle is a Puerto Rican parrot.[34]

Coat of arms[edit]

In a silver field, two Puerto Rican parrot (Amazona vitatta), accompanied by a waving blue stripe, a green mountain with three peaks. The top portion of the shield is blue, with an opened silver book, accompanied on each side by five gold coins. Topped by a three tower gold crown outlined in black with green openings.[34]

Gallery[edit]

Sites around Río Grande:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Río Grande Municipio
  2. ^ Bureau, US Census. "PUERTO RICO: 2020 Census". The United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 25, 2021.
  3. ^ a b Blanch, José (December 23, 1894). "Directorio comercial é industrial de la isla de Puerto-Rico para 1894. Formado con relaciones oficiales remitidas por los sres. alcaldes municipales de cada localidad" (in Spanish). Puerto-Rico, "La correspondencia" – via Internet Archive.
  4. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico". USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS. Archived from the original on March 3, 2019. Retrieved March 3, 2019.
  5. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico" (PDF). USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 3, 2019. Retrieved March 3, 2019.
  6. ^ a b "Río Grande Municipality". enciclopediapr.org. Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH). Archived from the original on October 26, 2017. Retrieved March 20, 2019.
  7. ^ Gwillim Law (May 20, 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved December 25, 2018.
  8. ^ a b Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2010. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 20, 2017. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
  9. ^ "Map of Río Grande at the Wayback Machine" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 24, 2018. Retrieved December 29, 2018.
  10. ^ a b "US Census Barrio-Pueblo definition". factfinder.com. US Census. Archived from the original on May 13, 2017. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
  11. ^ "DESGLOSE DE SECTORES Y CENTROS DE VOTACIÓN PRECINTO ELECTORAL - RÍO GRANDE 101" (PDF). Comisión Estatal de Elecciones Puerto Rico (in Spanish). February 15, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on June 16, 2020. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
  12. ^ "DESGLOSE DE SECTORES Y CENTROS DE VOTACIÓN PRECINTO ELECTORAL - RÍO GRANDE 102". Comisión Estatal de Elecciones Puerto Rico (in Spanish). February 15, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on June 17, 2020. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
  13. ^ Mari Mut, José A. (August 28, 2013). "Los pueblos de Puerto Rico y las iglesias de sus plazas" (in Spanish). Retrieved June 19, 2020 – via archive.org.
  14. ^ "Agencia: Oficina del Coordinador General para el Financiamiento Socioeconómico y la Autogestión (Proposed 2016 Budget)". Puerto Rico Budgets (in Spanish). Retrieved June 28, 2019.
  15. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza : Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (Primera edición ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  16. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved June 24, 2019.
  17. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza:Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (First ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 273, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  18. ^ "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). August 8, 2011. Archived from the original on June 24, 2019. Retrieved June 24, 2019.
  19. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  20. ^ "Report of the Census of Porto Rico 1899". War Department Office Director Census of Porto Rico. Archived from the original on July 16, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  21. ^ "Table 3-Population of Municipalities: 1930 1920 and 1910" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 17, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  22. ^ "Table 4-Area and Population of Municipalities Urban and Rural: 1930 to 1950" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 30, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  23. ^ "Table 2 Population and Housing Units: 1960 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 24, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  24. ^ Bureau, US Census. "PUERTO RICO: 2020 Census". The United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 25, 2021.
  25. ^ "Golf resorts being upscaled in Puerto Rico". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. January 21, 2009. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  26. ^ "Land Areas of the National Forest System" (PDF). U.S. Forest Service. January 2012. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 7, 2012. Retrieved June 28, 2012.
  27. ^ "Las 1,200 playas de Puerto Rico [The 1200 beaches of Puerto Rico]". Primera Hora (in Spanish). April 14, 2017. Archived from the original on December 12, 2019. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
  28. ^ "Mientras el gobierno promueve la agricultura industrial, los pequeños productores agrícolas siembran el cambio". Global Press Journal. March 29, 2020. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
  29. ^ "Consejo Comunitario de Seguridad de Río Piedras celebra 32 años de lucha y trabajo voluntario • WIPR". December 11, 2019. Archived from the original on December 13, 2019. Retrieved December 13, 2019.
  30. ^ Criollo Oquero, Agustín (September 14, 2014). "Ángel "Bori" González es el nuevo alcalde de Río Grande". El Nuevo Día. Retrieved September 17, 2014.
  31. ^ Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General Archived 2013-01-15 at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR
  32. ^ "Río Grande Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Archived from the original on February 21, 2019. Retrieved February 20, 2019.
  33. ^ "Ley Núm. 70 de 2006 -Ley para disponer la oficialidad de la bandera y el escudo de los setenta y ocho (78) municipios". LexJuris de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved June 15, 2021.
  34. ^ a b "RIO GRANDE". LexJuris (Leyes y Jurisprudencia) de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). February 19, 2020. Archived from the original on February 19, 2020. Retrieved September 17, 2020.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]