Río Grande, Puerto Rico

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Río Grande

Municipio de Río Grande
City and Municipality
Zarzal, Río Grande 00745, Puerto Rico - panoramio (1).jpg
Flag of Río Grande
Flag
Nickname(s): 
"La Ciudad del Yunque"
Anthem: "Entre las ondas que juguetean"
Location of Río Grande in Puerto Rico
Location of Río Grande in Puerto Rico
Coordinates: 18°22′49″N 65°49′53″W / 18.38028°N 65.83139°W / 18.38028; -65.83139Coordinates: 18°22′49″N 65°49′53″W / 18.38028°N 65.83139°W / 18.38028; -65.83139
Country United States
Territory Puerto Rico
FoundedJuly 16, 1840
Government
 • MayorHon. Angel "Bori" González (PPD)
 • Senatorial dist.8 - Carolina
 • Representative dist.36,37
Area
 • Total89.6 sq mi (232.11 km2)
 • Land60.7 sq mi (157.28 km2)
 • Water28.9 sq mi (74.83 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total54,304
 • Density610/sq mi (230/km2)
Demonym(s)Riograndeños
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
Zip code
00721, 00745
Major routesPR primary 3.svg PR secondary 187.svg Ellipse sign 186.svg Ellipse sign 191.svg
Toll plate yellow.svg
PR primary 66.svg

Río Grande (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈri.o ˈɣɾande]) is a municipality of Puerto Rico (U.S.) located in the Northern Coastal Valley, north of Las Piedras, Naguabo and Ceiba; east of Loíza and Canóvanas and west of Luquillo. Río Grande is spread over eight wards and Río Grande Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Río Grande was founded on July 16, 1840, by Desiderio and Quilimaco Escobar, with the approbation of governor Miguel López. It was named after the Río Grande and is located where the Río Grande and the Río Espíritu Santo (Holy Spirit) join.

Geography[edit]

Río Grande[1] is on the northeastern coast and Sierra Luquillo Mountains.

Hurricane Maria[edit]

Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017 triggered numerous landslides in Río Grande with the significant amount of rainfall.[2][3]

Barrios[edit]

Subdivisions of Río Grande.

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Rio Grande is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a barrio referred to as "el pueblo".[4][5][6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
190012,365
191013,94812.8%
192013,247−5.0%
193014,0856.3%
194016,11614.4%
195016,6513.3%
196017,2333.5%
197022,03227.8%
198034,28355.6%
199045,64833.2%
200052,36214.7%
201054,3043.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1899 (shown as 1900)[9] 1910-1930[10]
1930-1950[11] 1960-2000[12] 2010[5]

Tourism[edit]

Río Grande is home to one of the largest secluded areas with beach access (Coco Beach) on the entire island. Major hotels in the area include Wyndham Grand Rio Mar Resort and Gran Melia Puerto Rico Resort. Every March, the Trump International Golf Club plays host to the PGA Tour's Puerto Rico Open.

Within a ten-minute drive is El Yunque National Forest, the only tropical rain forest within the United States National Forest System.[13]

Hotels[edit]

  • The Wyndham Rio Mar Beach Resort and Spa
  • Gran Melia Golf Resort
  • St. Regis Bahía Beach Resort & Golf Club

Landmarks and places of interest[edit]

  • Coco Beach
  • El Yunque
  • Indio Cave
  • Las Picúas Beach

Economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

Fruits, ornamental plants, vegetables, and cattle.

Business[edit]

Local retail stores are aside highway PR-3. Large shopping centers were not present mainly due to the closeness of the Canóvanas shopping district area. However, there is one large shopping mall located on 65th Infantry expressway and 956th street. Because it is relatively new, many of its spaces are not leased yet.[when?] Together both cities are growing economically very fast and becoming the eastern economic bloc of the northeastern area of Puerto Rico attracting hotels, shopping malls, sport venues among others. Another thing that is making Río Grande more attractive to tourists and businesses alike is the newly constructed and opened Route 66 (or Ruta 66), which makes it a lot more accessible and more appealing to home buyers.

Industry[edit]

Manufacture of textiles.

Special Communities Program[edit]

In 2001, law 1-2001 was passed[14] to identify communities with high levels of poverty in Puerto Rico.[15] In 2017, Governor Rosello created a new government agency to work with the Special Communities of Puerto Rico Program.[16][17] Of the 742 places on the list of Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods are in Río Grande: Sector Montebello and Sector El Hoyo in Malpica, Las Dolores, La Ponderosa, Villa Realidad, Estancias del Sol, and Hong Kong.[18]

Culture[edit]

Festivals and events[edit]

  • Cross Festival (May)
  • Patron Celebrations (July)

Sports[edit]

Baseball, basketball and handball are popular sports in Río Grande. Also many play tennis.

Government[edit]

Like all municipalities in Puerto Rico, Río Grande is administered by a mayor. The current mayor is Angel "Bori" González, who was elected in a special election on September 14, 2014. González is replacing Eduard Rivera Correa, who was elected at the 2004 general election. However, Rivera Correa stepped down from office after being indicted on federal charges.[19]

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district VIII, which is represented by two senators. In 2012, Pedro A. Rodríguez and Luis Daniel Rivera were elected as District Senators.[20]

Transportation[edit]

There are 48 bridges in Río Grande.[21]

Symbols[edit]

Flag[edit]

The Río Grande flag consists of two horizontal stripes of equal size,upper one is green with lower one been blue, and united by a white triangle placed on the side of the mast. On the white triangle is a Puerto Rican parrot.

Coat of arms[edit]

In a silver field, two Puerto Rican parrot (Amazona vitatta), accompanied by a waving blue stripe, a green mountain with three peaks. The top portion of the shield is blue, with an opened silver book, accompanied on each side by five gold coins. Topped by a three tower gold crown outlined in black with green openings.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Río Grande Municipality - Municipalities - EnciclopediaPR". Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH).
  2. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico". USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
  3. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico" (PDF). USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
  4. ^ Gwillim Law (20 May 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  5. ^ a b Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2010.
  6. ^ "Map of Río Grande at the Wayback Machine" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-12-29.
  7. ^ "US Census Barrio-Pueblo definition". factfinder.com. US Census. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  9. ^ "Report of the Census of Porto Rico 1899". War Department Office Director Census of Porto Rico. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  10. ^ "Table 3-Population of Municipalities: 1930 1920 and 1910" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  11. ^ "Table 4-Area and Population of Municipalities Urban and Rural: 1930 to 1950" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  12. ^ "Table 2 Population and Housing Units: 1960 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  13. ^ "Land Areas of the National Forest System" (PDF). U.S. Forest Service. January 2012. Retrieved June 28, 2012.
  14. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  15. ^ "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 8 August 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  16. ^ "Evoluciona el proyecto de Comunidades Especiales". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). 24 February 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  17. ^ "Ya es ley Oficina para el Desarrollo Socioeconómico y Comunitario". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  18. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza:Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (Primera edición ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 273, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  19. ^ Criollo Oquero, Agustín (September 14, 2014). "Ángel "Bori" González es el nuevo alcalde de Río Grande". El Nuevo Día. Retrieved September 17, 2014. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  20. ^ Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General Archived 2013-01-15 at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR
  21. ^ "Río Grande Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Retrieved 20 February 2019.

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]