Róza Laborfalvi

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Róza Laborfalvi
LaborfalviRoza.jpg
Róza Laborfalvi on a lithograph by Miklós Barabás, 1848
Born Judit Benke de Laborfalva
(1817-04-08)8 April 1817
Miskolc, Kingdom of Hungary
Died September 25, 1886(1886-09-25) (aged 69)
Budapest, Austria-Hungary
Occupation actress

Róza Laborfalvi (born Judit Benke de Laborfalva, 8 April 1817 – 20 November 1886) Hungarian actress, wife of novelist Mór Jókai.

She was the daughter of the actor and theatre director József Benke. Her father was a Székely noble.[1] She started her career in the Castle Theatre of Buda in 1833. From 1837 she played in the National Theatre of Pest. Many have praised her beautiful alto voice, her looks, her talent for recitation and her expressive glance.

On March 15, 1848 she met the writer Mór Jókai at a performance of József Katona's The Viceroy. They married in the same year. Their marriage caused a scandal; several of the writer's friends (among them Sándor Petőfi) were against the marriage, mostly because she had a 12-year-old illegitimate daughter, Róza Benke, whose father was the actor Márton Lendvay. The opponents of the marriage were reconciled when Laborfalvi saved Jókai's life during the revolution of 1848/49. (Róza Benke later had an illegitimate daughter herself, Róza the youngest, who later married the painter Árpád Feszty).

Until her retirement in 1859 Laborfalvi was the most successful actress of the era.[citation needed] On September 3, 1857 the newly built National Theatre of Miskolc opened with her guest performance and Jókai's speech. She later appeared on the same stage in 1883, as her last performance.

Her most important roles[edit]

Gertrudis (The Viceroy); Volumina (Shakespeare: Coriolanus); Mary, Queen of Scots (Schiller); Lady Macbeth (Macbeth); Goneril (King Lear); Orsina (Lessing: Emilia Galotti); Lady Milford (Schiller: Intrigue and Love).