Røst

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Røst kommune
Trenyken island in Røst
Trenyken island in Røst
Official logo of Røst kommune
Nordland within
Norway
Røst within Nordland
Røst within Nordland
Coordinates: 67°31′12″N 12°05′56″E / 67.52000°N 12.09889°E / 67.52000; 12.09889Coordinates: 67°31′12″N 12°05′56″E / 67.52000°N 12.09889°E / 67.52000; 12.09889
CountryNorway
CountyNordland
DistrictLofoten
Established1 July 1928
Administrative centreRøstlandet
Government
 • Mayor (2011)Tor-Arne Andreassen (Ap)
Area
 • Total10.13 km2 (3.91 sq mi)
 • Land9.78 km2 (3.78 sq mi)
 • Water0.35 km2 (0.14 sq mi)  3.5%
Area rank#419 in Norway
Population
 (2018)
 • Total517
 • Rank#417 in Norway
 • Density52.9/km2 (137/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
-16.9%
Demonym(s)Røstværing[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1856
Official language formBokmål
Websiterost.kommune.no

Røst is a small island municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the traditional district of Lofoten. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Røstlandet on the island of Røstlandet.

The island municipality is very small and is essentially a large fishing village centered around Røstlandet. Many of the residents are involved in the fishing industry or support the industry. There are six fish farms in Røst. During the main fishing season, there can be up to 600 fishing boats based out of Røst.

The 10-square-kilometre (3.9 sq mi) municipality is the 419th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Røst is the 417th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 517. The municipality's population density is 52.9 inhabitants per square kilometre (137/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 16.9% over the last decade.[2][3]

General information[edit]

View of Røst from the air
View of a farm in Røst

The municipality of Røst was established on 1 July 1928 when it was separated from Værøy Municipality. Initially, it had 731 residents. The municipal boundaries have not changed since that time.[4]

Name[edit]

The municipality is named after the main island of Røstlandet (Old Norse: Rǫst). The name is identical with the word rǫst which means "maelstrom". (See Moskstraumen.)[5]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms is from modern times; they were granted on 28 November 1986. The artist was Arvid Sveen. The arms show three black European shags (Phalacrocorax aristotelis) on a grey background. The shags play a role in a local legend in which three brothers can transform themselves into shags.[6]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Røst. It is part of the Bodø domprosti (arch-deanery) in the Diocese of Sør-Hålogaland.

Churches in Røst
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Røst Røst Church Røstlandet 1899

History[edit]

A vivid description of medieval island life has been delivered by the shipwrecked Venetian sea captain Pietro Querini, who was rescued by the islanders in 1432. He described the society as very harmonious and pious, and described how they made a living from fishing cod and some agriculture. The Norwegian Lundehund originated from this part of Norway, where it natively would have climbed along cliff paths to hunt puffins. Fishing is the main economic activity on Røst.

Culture[edit]

The island has a rich cultural life. Every year in June there is a popular festival in honor of the puffin (Lundefestivalen).

Querini opera[edit]

In 2012, the Querini Opera was shown on Røst for the first time, telling the dramatic story about Pietro Querini who shipwrecked on Røst in 1432. The show was a great success and was shown again in 2014.

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Røst, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[7] The municipality falls under the Salten District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Røst is made up of 11 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[8]

Røst Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Local ListsLokale lister11
Total number of members:11

Transportation[edit]

The ferry in Røst harbor

As an isolated island municipality, there are no road connections to Røst. It can be reached by boat and airplane. There are ferry connections to the neighboring island of Værøya and also to the nearby town of Bodø on the mainland. Røst Airport has regularly scheduled flights to Bodø.

Economy[edit]

During the winter, the population of Røst gets doubled due to the number of boats arriving at Røst to fish. Yearly, the small island of Røst produces fish and fish-related products worth more than US$40 million.

Environment[edit]

Atlantic puffins; Røst has the largest seabird colonies in Norway.

Geography[edit]

There are 365 islands and skerries in the municipality situated some 100 kilometres (62 mi) off the mainland, at the southwestern tip of the Lofoten island chain in the Vestfjorden. Skomvær Lighthouse is located in the southern part of the municipality on the small island of Skomvær. Most inhabitants live on the main island of Røstlandet, but a few other islands are also inhabited. These islands are linked to Røstlandet with roads, causeways, and bridges. Røstlandet is the largest island in the municipality and its highest point rises no more than 11 metres (36 ft) above sea level. South of Røstlandet, there are several small islands that are dominated by large mountains including Vedøya, Storfjellet, Trenyken, Hærnyken, and Ellevsnyken. Storfjellet is the highest, rising 259 metres (850 ft) above sea level.

Birdlife[edit]

Røst is one of the few bird watching localities in Norway that is known worldwide. The seabird colonies that are to be found are regarded as internationally important. The island offers a range of habitats, and as one would expect, a stop-over point for many species that are migrating even further north. During the last few years, birders have been showing an interest for Røst during the autumn, producing a whole range of rarities.

The municipality also has one of the biggest bird cliffs in the North Atlantic, with puffin colonies, as well as colonies of shag, kittiwake, and cormorants.

Climate[edit]

Røst features a subpolar oceanic climate (Köppen Cfc). Røst and Værøy are known by meteorologists as the most northern locations in the world with average temperatures above freezing all winter. The winter temperatures in southern Lofoten represent the largest temperature anomaly in the world relative to latitude. The mean annual temperature is 5.8 °C (42.4 °F) (1981–2010), and the average annual precipitation is 622 millimetres (24.5 in). The wettest months are October through December with approximately 70–80 millimetres (2.8–3.1 in) precipitation each month, and the driest period is during May and June with on average of 30 millimetres (1.2 in) each month.[9] Precipitation varies considerably and June 2009 saw only 1 millimetre (0.039 in) precipitation and July 2009 only 7 millimetres (0.28 in), while in December 2008 there was 127 millimetres (5.0 in) of precipitation registered.[10]

Climate data for Røst (1981-2010 averages)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10.0
(50.0)
9.4
(48.9)
10.5
(50.9)
14.7
(58.5)
18.6
(65.5)
22.5
(72.5)
22.9
(73.2)
21.7
(71.1)
17.7
(63.9)
15.0
(59.0)
13.5
(56.3)
11.7
(53.1)
22.9
(73.2)
Average high °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
2.7
(36.9)
3.3
(37.9)
5.1
(41.2)
8.2
(46.8)
10.5
(50.9)
13.2
(55.8)
13.5
(56.3)
11.1
(52.0)
8.1
(46.6)
5.5
(41.9)
3.9
(39.0)
7.4
(45.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.5
(34.7)
1.1
(34.0)
1.6
(34.9)
3.4
(38.1)
6.5
(43.7)
8.9
(48.0)
11.5
(52.7)
11.9
(53.4)
9.6
(49.3)
6.7
(44.1)
3.9
(39.0)
2.3
(36.1)
5.8
(42.4)
Average low °C (°F) −0.2
(31.6)
−0.6
(30.9)
0.0
(32.0)
1.7
(35.1)
4.7
(40.5)
7.3
(45.1)
9.8
(49.6)
10.3
(50.5)
8.1
(46.6)
5.2
(41.4)
2.4
(36.3)
0.6
(33.1)
4.2
(39.6)
Record low °C (°F) −12.4
(9.7)
−12.1
(10.2)
−8.4
(16.9)
−6.2
(20.8)
−2.6
(27.3)
−0.1
(31.8)
5.6
(42.1)
4.0
(39.2)
0.0
(32.0)
−4.0
(24.8)
−6.1
(21.0)
−7.0
(19.4)
−12.4
(9.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 68.2
(2.69)
48.2
(1.90)
44.2
(1.74)
40.5
(1.59)
29.8
(1.17)
30.4
(1.20)
37.7
(1.48)
46.7
(1.84)
56.5
(2.22)
80.1
(3.15)
70.8
(2.79)
75.4
(2.97)
622.6
(24.51)
Source #1: Météo Climat [11]
Source #2: Météo Climat [12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  4. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  5. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nordlands amt (in Norwegian) (16 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 351.
  6. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  7. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (12 May 2016). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  8. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  9. ^ Røst climate statistics Archived 14 July 2012 at Archive.today
  10. ^ yr.no weather statistics last 12 months
  11. ^ "Météo climat stats for Rost". Météo Climat. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
  12. ^ "Météo climat extreme values for Rost". Météo Climat. Retrieved 20 March 2017.

External links[edit]